Trial of Maraviroc (UK-427,857) in Combination With Optimized Background Therapy Versus Optimized Background Therapy Alone for the Treatment of HIV-1 Infected Subjects (MOTIVATE 1)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
ViiV Healthcare
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00098306
First received: December 6, 2004
Last updated: April 2, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

Maraviroc (UK-427,857), a selective and reversible CCR5 coreceptor antagonist, has been shown to be active in vitro against a wide range of clinical isolates (including those resistant to existing classes). In HIV-1 infected patients, maraviroc (UK-427,857) given as monotherapy for 10 days reduced HIV-1 viral load by up to 1.6 log, consistent with currently available agents. Safety and toleration have been studied in over 400 subjects for up to 28 days at 300 mg twice daily. No significant effects were seen on the QTc interval. The purpose of this study is to evaluate the antiretroviral activity of maraviroc (UK-427,857) in HIV infected, treatment experienced patients who are failing their current antiretroviral regimen and are infected with R5-tropic virus exclusively. This study will involve more than 100 centers from the US and Canada to achieve a total randomized subject population of 500 subjects. Patients will be randomly (2:2:1) assigned to one of three groups: Optimized Background Therapy [OBT (3-6 drugs based on treatment history and resistance testing)] + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken once daily, OBT + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken twice daily, or OBT alone. The study will enroll over approximately a 9 month period with 48 weeks of treatment. This may be extended for an additional year depending on the results at 48 weeks. Physical examinations will be performed at study entry, weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, and 48. Blood samples will also be taken at study entry, weeks 2, 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, 32, 40, and 48. Additionally, blood samples will be drawn twice, at least 30 minutes apart, at weeks 2 and 24 for maraviroc (UK-427,857) pharmacokinetic analysis. As part of this clinical study a blood sample will also be taken for non-anonymized pharmacogenetic analysis. Patients will undergo a 12-lead electrocardiogram at study entry, weeks 24 and 48.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Maraviroc (UK-427,857)
Drug: Optimized Background Therapy
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator, Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Trial of a Novel CCR5 Antagonist, UK-427,857, in Combination With Optimized Background Therapy Versus Optimized Background Therapy Alone for the Treatment of Antiretroviral-Experienced HIV-1 Infected Subjects.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by ViiV Healthcare:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Log 10-transformed Human Immunodeficiency Virus Ribonucleic Acid (HIV-1 RNA) Levels at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline value calculated as average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening, randomization, and immediately pre-dose.

  • Change From Baseline in Log 10-transformed HIV-1 RNA Levels at Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in log 10-transformed plasma viral load (HIV-1 RNA) levels (log10 copies/mL). Baseline value calculated as average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening, randomization, and immediately pre-dose.

  • Change From Baseline in Log 10-transformed HIV-1 RNA Levels at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in log 10-transformed plasma viral load (HIV-1 RNA) levels (log10 copies/mL). Baseline value calculated as average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening, randomization and immediately pre-dose.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels Less Than 400 Copies/mL [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels Less Than 400 Copies/mL or With at Least 0.5 log10 Decrease From Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels Less Than 400 Copies/mL or With at Least 1.0 log10 Decrease From Baseline [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Percentage of Participants With HIV-1 RNA Levels Less Than 50 Copies/mL [ Time Frame: Week 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Cluster of Differentiation 4 (CD4) and Cluster of Differentiation 8 (CD8) Cell Count at Baseline [ Time Frame: Baseline ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Baseline value calculated as average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening and immediately pre-dose.

  • Change From Baseline in CD4 Cell Count at Week 24 and 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in CD4 cell count measured as cells/µL. Baseline value calculated as the average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening and immediately pre-dose.

  • Change From Baseline in CD8 Cell Count at Week 24 and 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 and 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Change from baseline in CD8 cell count measured as cells/µL. Baseline value calculated as the average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening and immediately pre-dose.

  • Time to Virological Failure [ Time Frame: Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Time to virologic failure based on observed HIV-1 RNA levels and failure events (death;permanent discontinuation of drug;lost to follow-up [LTFU];new anti-retroviral drug added [except background drug change to drug of same class];or on open label for early non-response or rebound). Failure:at Time 0 if level not <400 copies/mL(2 consecutive visits) before events or last available visit;at time of earliest event if level <400 copies/mL(2 consecutive visits);failure if level >=400 copies/mL(2 consecutive visits) or 1 visit >=400 copies/mL followed by permanent discontinuation of drug or LTFU.

  • Time-Averaged Difference (TAD) From Baseline in log10 Transformed HIV-1 RNA Levels [ Time Frame: Baseline to Week 24 and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    TAD from baseline was calculated as area under the curve of HIV-1 RNA load (log10 copies/mL) divided by time period minus baseline HIV-1 RNA load (log10 copies/mL). Baseline value calculated as the average of pre-dose measurements collected at screening, randomization, and immediately pre-dose.

  • Number of Participants With Genotypic Susceptibility Scores (GSS) and Phenotypic Susceptibility Score (PSS) at Screening [ Time Frame: Screening ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants with GSS and PSS were used as surrogates for assessing genotype and phenotype. Genotypic and phenotypic resistance to protease inhibitors(PIs), nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors(NRTIs), non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitors(NNRTIs) were evaluated at screening (not at baseline), by Monogram Biosciences PhenoSense genotyping (GT) assay. Score was determined for each drug in OBT, giving 1:drug 'sensitive'/'susceptible' and 0:'resistant'. GSS and PSS score range:0 to >3. Genotypic enfuvirtide value was used for PSS, no phenotypic enfuvirtide was recorded.

  • Number of Participants With Change in GSS and PSS From Screening at the Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Screening and time of failure through week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants with GSS and PSS were used as surrogates for assessing genotype and phenotype. Genotypic and phenotypic resistance to PIs, NRTIs and NNRTIs were evaluated at screening and time of treatment failure analyzed through week 24 visit, by Monogram Biosciences PhenoSense GT assay. Score was determined for each drug in OBT, giving 1: drug 'sensitive'/'susceptible' and 0: 'resistant'. GSS and PSS score range:0 to >3. Genotypic enfuvirtide value was used for PSS, no phenotypic enfuvirtide was recorded.

  • Number of Participants With Change in GSS and PSS From Screening at the Time of Treatment Failure at Week 48 [ Time Frame: Screening and time of failure through week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants with GSS and PSS were used as surrogates for assessing genotype and phenotype. Genotypic and phenotypic resistance to PIs, NRTIs and NNRTIs were evaluated at screening and time of treatment failure analyzed through week 48 visit, by Monogram Biosciences PhenoSense GT assay. Score was determined for each drug in OBT, giving 1: drug 'sensitive'/'susceptible' and 0: 'resistant'. GSS and PSS score range:0 to >3. Genotypic enfuvirtide value was used for PSS, no phenotypic enfuvirtide was recorded.

  • Number of Participants Per Tropism Status at Baseline and at the Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 24 [ Time Frame: Baseline and time of failure through week 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants per tropism status (C-X-C chemokine receptor 5 {CCR5} [R5], C-X-C chemokine receptor type 4 {CXCR4} [X4], Dual/mixed [DM], or Non-reportable/Non-phenotypable [NR/NP]) at baseline and time of treatment failure analyzed through week 24 visit. Treatment failure defined as discontinuation due to insufficient clinical response. HIV-1 RNA viral load <500 copies/mL categorized as below lower limit of quantification (BLQ). The assessment for time of treatment failure was defined as the last on treatment assessment.

  • Number of Participants Per Tropism Status at Baseline and at the Time of Treatment Failure Through Week 48 [ Time Frame: Baseline and time of failure through week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of participants per tropism status (R5, X4, DM, or NR/NP) at baseline and time of treatment failure analyzed through week 48 visit. Treatment failure defined as insufficient clinical response. HIV-1 RNA viral load <500 copies/mL categorized as BLQ. The assessment for time of treatment failure was defined as the last on treatment assessment.

  • Change From Baseline in Viral Load at Week 24 and Week 48 by Overall Susceptibility Score (OSS) at Screening [ Time Frame: Baseline, Week 24 and Week 48 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Association between baseline resistance and virological response was assessed as change in viral load by OSS at screening. OSS categorized as 0, 1, 2, >3 (maximum value of 6) and calculated as the sum of the net assessment of in-vitro phenotypic and genotypic susceptibility using a binary scoring system (0= resistant, 1= sensitive or susceptible) for each antiretroviral agent in OBT. Higher scores indicate greater susceptibility. Baseline value is the average of the values from screening, randomization and immediately pre-dose.


Enrollment: 601
Study Start Date: November 2004
Study Completion Date: April 2011
Primary Completion Date: April 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 1 Drug: Maraviroc (UK-427,857)
Maraviroc was given either once or twice per day with the dose adjusted according to the optimized background therapy
Other Name: Selzentry
Drug: Optimized Background Therapy
Maraviroc was given either once or twice per day with the dose adjusted according to the optimized background therapy
Experimental: 2 Drug: Optimized Background Therapy
Patients will be randomly (2:2:1) assigned to one of three groups: Optimized Background Therapy [OBT (3-6 drugs based on treatment history and resistance testing)] + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken once daily, OBT + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken twice daily, or OBT alone.
Drug: Placebo
Patients will be randomly (2:2:1) assigned to one of three groups: Optimized Background Therapy [OBT (3-6 drugs based on treatment history and resistance testing)] + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken once daily, OBT + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken twice daily, or OBT alone.
Experimental: 3 Drug: Optimized Background Therapy
Patients will be randomly (2:2:1) assigned to one of three groups: Optimized Background Therapy [OBT (3-6 drugs based on treatment history and resistance testing)] + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken once daily, OBT + maraviroc (UK-427,857) 150 mg taken twice daily, or OBT alone. The study will enroll over approximately a 9 month period with 48 weeks of treatment.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Men or women at least 16 years of age (or minimum age as determined by local regulatory authorities)
  • HIV-1 RNA viral load of greater than or equal to 5,000 copies/mL
  • Stable pre-study antiretroviral regimen, or on no antiretroviral agents, for at least 4 weeks
  • Documented genotypic or phenotypic resistance to three of the four antiretroviral drug classes, OR, Antiretroviral-class experience greater than or equal to 6 months (sequential or cumulative) with at least three of the following: One nucleoside or nucleotide reverse transcriptase inhibitor, one non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, two protease inhibitors (excluding low-dose ritonavir) and/or enfuvirtide
  • Be willing to remain on randomized treatment without any changes or additions to the OBT regimen, except for toxicity management or upon meeting criteria for treatment failure
  • A negative urine pregnancy test at the baseline visit for Women of Child Bearing Potential (WOCBP)
  • Effective barrier contraception for WOCBP and males

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients requiring treatment with more than 6 antiretroviral agents (excluding low-dose ritonavir)
  • Prior treatment with maraviroc (UK-427,857) or another experimental HIV entry inhibitor for more than 14 days
  • Suspected or documented active, untreated HIV-1 related opportunistic infection (OI) or other condition requiring acute therapy
  • Treatment for an active opportunistic infection, or unexplained temperature >38.5 degrees Celsius for 7 consecutive days
  • Active alcohol or substance abuse sufficient, in the Investigator's judgement, to prevent adherence to study medication and/or follow up
  • Lactating women, or planned pregnancy during the trial period
  • Significant renal insufficiency
  • Previous therapy with a potentially myelosuppressive, neurotoxic, hepatoxic and/or cytotoxic agent within 30 days prior to randomization or the expected need for such therapy during the study period
  • Documented or suspected acute hepatitis or pancreatitis within 30 days prior to randomization
  • Significantly elevated liver enzymes or cirrhosis
  • Significant neutropenia, anemia or thrombocytopenia
  • Malabsorption or an inability to tolerate oral medications
  • Symptomatic postural hypotension or severe cardiovascular or cerebrovascular disease
  • Certain medications
  • Malignancy requiring parenteral chemotherapy that must be continued for the duration of the trial
  • X4- or dual/mixed-tropic virus or repeated assay failure
  • Any other clinical condition that, in the Investigator's judgement, would potentially compromise study compliance or the ability to evaluate safety/efficacy
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00098306

Locations
United States, California
Pfizer Investigational Site
Sacramento, California, United States, 95825
Pfizer Investigational Site
San Francisco, California, United States, 94118
Pfizer Investigational Site
San Francisco, California, United States, 94121
Pfizer Investigational Site
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, Colorado
Pfizer Investigational Site
Auroa, Colorado, United States, 80045
Pfizer Investigational Site
Aurora, Colorado, United States, 80045
United States, District of Columbia
Pfizer Investigational Site
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20036
United States, Florida
Pfizer Investigational Site
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33602
Pfizer Investigational Site
Tampa, Florida, United States, 33614
Pfizer Investigational Site
Vero Beach, Florida, United States, 32960
United States, Georgia
Pfizer Investigational Site
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
United States, Louisiana
Pfizer Investigational Site
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, New Mexico
Pfizer Investigational Site
Santa Fe, New Mexico, United States, 87505
United States, New York
Pfizer Investigational Site
Bronx, New York, United States, 10467
Pfizer Investigational Site
New York, New York, United States, 10003
Pfizer Investigational Site
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Ohio
Pfizer Investigational Site
Cincinnati, Ohio, United States, 45267-0405
United States, Oregon
Pfizer Investigational Site
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97219
United States, Texas
Pfizer Investigational Site
Austin, Texas, United States, 78705
United States, Virginia
Pfizer Investigational Site
Annandale, Virginia, United States, 22003
Canada, British Columbia
Pfizer Investigational Site
Vancouver, British Columbia, Canada, V6Z 1Y6
Canada, Quebec
Pfizer Investigational Site
Montreal, Quebec, Canada, H2L 4P9
Sponsors and Collaborators
ViiV Healthcare
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by ViiV Healthcare

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: ViiV Healthcare
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00098306     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A4001027
Study First Received: December 6, 2004
Results First Received: April 2, 2012
Last Updated: April 2, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014