Safety and Activity of the Oral HIV Entry Inhibitor AMD11070 in HIV Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
AIDS Clinical Trials Group
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00089466
First received: August 5, 2004
Last updated: October 26, 2012
Last verified: October 2012
  Purpose

New treatment options are critical for treatment-experienced HIV infected patients with drug resistance. HIV entry inhibitors have been shown effective in patients with resistance to other anti-HIV drugs. This study will test the safety and anti-HIV activity of eight different doses of the HIV entry inhibitor AMD11070 (also known as AMD070) in HIV infected patients.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: AMD11070
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Phase IB/IIA Dose-Finding Safety and Activity Study of AMD11070 (An Orally Administered CXCR4 Entry Inhibitor) in HIV-Infected Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Dose-limiting toxicities of Grade 3 or greater [ Time Frame: during the 10 days of treatment or the 7 days after stopping treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Reduction in X4-tropic virus from baseline of 1 log10 relative luciferase units (rlu) [ Time Frame: day 10 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 6
Study Start Date: November 2004
Study Completion Date: January 2009
Primary Completion Date: June 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: A
200 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.
Experimental: B
400 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.
Experimental: C
600 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.
Experimental: D
800 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.
Experimental: E
1000 mg AMD11070 daily
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.
Experimental: F
1500 mg AMD11070 daily
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.
Experimental: G
1000 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.
Experimental: H
2000 mg AMD11070 daily
Drug: AMD11070
AMD11070 taken daily. Dosage dependent on arm.

Detailed Description:

AMD11070 is an oral HIV-1 entry inhibitor that targets the CXCR4 receptor on T cells. AMD11070 has been shown safe and well-tolerated in Phase I clinical trials in HIV uninfected people. The goal of this study is to evaluate the safety and antiretroviral activity of eight dose levels of AMD11070 in HIV infected adults with X4-tropic virus. Pharmacokinetics (PK) of AMD11070 will also be studied.

This study will last 90 days. All participants will receive medication for 10 days. There are eight cohorts in this study, with a maximum of six participants per cohort. Cohort A will receive 200 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours; Cohort B will receive 400 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours; Cohort C will receive 600 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours; Cohort D will receive 800 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours; Cohort E will receive 1000 mg AMD11070 daily; Cohort F will receive 1500 mg AMD11070 daily; Cohort G will receive 1000 mg AMD11070 every 12 hours; and Cohort H will receive 2000 mg AMD11070 daily. Cohorts B, C, D, and E will open sequentially, provided no more than one of six participants in the preceding cohort experiences dose-limiting toxicity (DLT) based on safety evaluations through Day 17. Cohort G will open to enrollment when Cohort E is filled; Cohort H will open to enrollment when Cohort F is filled. Cohort F will open to enrollment provided no more than one of six participants of Cohorts E and G experiences DLT. All study participants will be offered to receive open-label AMD11070 through a separate long-term safety study.

Participants will either be admitted to the general clinical research center (GCRC) for the dosing period or have dosing, PK testing, and other study monitoring done on an outpatient basis, depending on the study site. Participants admitted to the GCRC for the dosing period will be allowed daytime passes from the GCRC on Days 4, 6, 7, 8, and 9. During the study, participants will have continuous heart monitoring, serial electrocardiograms (EKGs), and vital sign checks. Fasting blood collection will occur on Days 5 and 10. Trough PK testing will occur at entry and on Days 1, 2, 3, 4, 6, 8, and 11. Intensive 24-hour PK testing and 24-hour urine collection will occur on Days 10 and 11. After treatment, targeted physicals and urine collection will occur on Days 17, 30, and 90, and additional blood collection will occur on Days 17, 21, 30, and 90. Participants will undergo an EKG on Days 17 and 90. Participants will also undergo an opthalmologic evaluation and questionnaire sometime after receiving AMD11070.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • HIV-1 infected
  • Have X4- or dual/mixed-tropic virus confirmed no more than 56 days prior to study entry
  • HIV-1 viral load of 5,000 copies/ml or more within 60 days prior to study entry
  • If female, willing to discontinue hormonal contraception 1 week prior to study entry
  • Willing to use acceptable forms of contraception

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Antiretroviral treatment within 14 days prior to study entry
  • Other prescription medications, herbal supplements, or aspirin within 7 days prior to study entry. Patients taking medication for prophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) are not excluded. Patients taking medications approved by protocol officials are not excluded, provided they have been on a stable dose for at least 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS), over the counter medications, or other supplements (including multivitamins) within 1 day prior to study entry
  • Heavy exercise within 24 hours before study entry evaluations are done
  • Immunizations within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Radiation therapy, cytotoxic chemotherapeutic agents, or immunomodulatory agents within 30 days prior to study entry
  • Current use of some CYP substrates, inhibitors, or inducers. Use of CYP450 substrates is allowed, except for CYP2D6 and CYP2C8 substrates.
  • Current use of P-gp inducers or inhibitors
  • Allergy or sensitivity to study drug or its formulations
  • Active infection or acute illness within 14 days prior to study entry, including HIV-associated opportunistic infections
  • History of heart abnormalities. Patients with any repolarization delay (QTc interval of greater than 500 msec) or a history of additional risk factors for torsade de pointes (e.g., heart failure, hypokalemia) are also excluded.
  • Drug or alcohol abuse or dependence or other medical or psychological condition that, in the opinion of the investigator, would interfere with the study or put participants at undue risk
  • Chronic diarrhea, defined as having more than 3 stools/day for more than 4 weeks prior to study entry
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00089466

Locations
United States, Alabama
Alabama Therapeutics CRS
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35924-2050
United States, Georgia
The Ponce de Leon Ctr. CRS
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
United States, Indiana
Indiana Univ. School of Medicine, Infectious Disease Research Clinic
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202-5250
Sponsors and Collaborators
AIDS Clinical Trials Group
Investigators
Study Chair: Michael S. Saag, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00089466     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A5210, 10020, ACTG A5210
Study First Received: August 5, 2004
Last Updated: October 26, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Entry Inhibitors
CXCR4 Entry Inhibitors
Treatment Experienced
Treatment Naive

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
HIV Fusion Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014