Immune Response to Influenza Vaccine in HIV-Infected Individuals

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00069914
First received: October 2, 2003
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: September 2005
  Purpose

This study will evaluate how HIV infection, including CD4 cell count and viral load, affects the patient's ability to produce antibodies in response to vaccination with the influenza (flu) vaccine. Earlier studies have shown that people with HIV infection do not respond as well as healthy subjects to flu vaccine; that is, they don't make as many antibodies in response to the vaccine. Before the use of current anti-HIV medications, antibodies made to flu vaccination in HIV-positive individuals was related to their CD4 cell count. This trial will examine how CD4 counts and the amount of virus in the blood affect how much and what kind of antibodies the body makes to the flu vaccine.

HIV-infected patients and healthy normal volunteers between 18 and 60 years of age may be eligible for this study. Healthy subjects will serve as controls to make sure the flu vaccine works (i.e., stimulates production of enough antibody to protect against the flu), and to compare the amount of antibodies made by HIV-positive and HIV-negative people. Candidates will be screened with a medical history and blood tests (see below). Women who are able to have children will have a pregnancy test. Pregnant women are excluded from the study.

Participants will undergo the following procedures:

  1. Blood drawing for the following tests:

    • Routine tests (complete blood count, kidney and liver functions, electrolyte levels).
    • CD4 cell count.
    • HLA typing (a genetic marker of the immune system) if it has not already been done at the NIH. This test may be used to try to identify factors associated with the rate of progression of HIV disease or related conditions. Determining HLA type is necessary to be able to perform certain research studies. Some HLA types have been associated with an increased risk of certain diseases like arthritis and other rheumatologic problems.
    • Viral load (HIV-infected patients only).
    • Influenza antibody levels.
    • B cell levels.
  2. Flu vaccination
  3. Follow-up visits on days, 7, 28, and 54 after vaccination for the following:

    • Review of any illnesses or fever.
    • Review of medications, if any changes were made.
    • Repeat blood tests.

Condition
HIV Infections

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Immune Response to Influenza Vaccination in HIV-Infected Individuals

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 165
Study Start Date: September 2003
Estimated Study Completion Date: September 2005
Detailed Description:

The purpose of this protocol is to evaluate the effect of HIV viral load and CD4 counts on the generation of influenza-specific antibodies and influenza-specific B cell responses in HIV-infected adults. HIV-infected subjects will be enrolled to receive the influenza vaccine appropriate to the on-going USA influenza season (Oct-March). Laboratory studies (including influenza titers, influenza-specific B cell frequencies, CD4 counts, and HIV viral loads) will be obtained at baseline (day of vaccination), day 7, 28, and 54 post-vaccination. HIV-negative healthy volunteers will serve as controls. Although there are some risks to influenza vaccine, the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunizations recommends influenza vaccination for HIV-infected patients. The primary study risks are those of phlebotomy and the inconvenience of multiple visits. Subjects will be compensated for participation in the study. Total enrollment of the study is a maximum of 165 subjects (132 HIV-infected individuals and 33 HIV-negative controls).

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

INCLUSION CRITERIA:

HIV Positive:

  1. Age greater than or equal 18 but less than or equal to 60 years old and willing and able to give informed consent
  2. Enrollment during the USA influenza season (October-March)
  3. Self-reported history of HIV infection at enrollment (If NIH HIV testing does not confirm that the subject is HIV-positive, the subject will be discontinued from the study and not included in the analysis.)

HIV Negative:

  1. Age greater than or equal to 18 but less than or equal to 60 years old and willing and able to give informed consent
  2. Enrollment during USA influenza season (October-March)
  3. Self-reported healthy HIV-negative (If NIH HIV testing does not confirm that the subject is HIV-negative, the subject will be discontinued from the study and not included in the analysis.)

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

HIV Positive:

  1. Self-reported history of vaccination with the trivalent influenza preparation used for the current influenza season
  2. Self-reported vaccination with any vaccine within the one month period prior to study enrollment
  3. Acute febrile illness (may defer vaccine until resolved)
  4. History of hypersensitivity to any influenza vaccine components including thimerosal or egg
  5. History of Guillain-Barre syndrome
  6. Intention to receive any other vaccine during the study period
  7. Pregnancy
  8. Self-reported treatment with immunomodulator/immunosuppressive drugs (interleukins, corticosteroids, or G(M)-CSF in the 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  9. Self-reported history of IL-2 administration within the past 5 years
  10. Use of theophylline preparations or warfarin because of the theoretical possibilities, of enhanced drug effects and toxicities post influenza vaccination
  11. Active infection or other serious illness other than HIV that might affect the immune response to a vaccine
  12. Current alcohol, substance abuse, or systemic/psychiatric illness that potentially could interfere with patient compliance and ability to make study visits

HIV Negative:

  1. Self-reported history of vaccination with the trivalent influenza preparation used for the current influenza season
  2. Self-reported vaccination with any vaccine within the one month period prior to study enrollment
  3. Acute febrile illness (may defer vaccine until resolved)
  4. History of hypersensitivity to any influenza vaccine components including thimerosal or egg
  5. History of Guillain-Barre syndrome
  6. Intention to receive any other vaccine during the study period
  7. Pregnancy
  8. Self-reported treatment with immunomodulator/immunosuppressive drugs (interleukins, corticosteroids, or G(M)-CSF in the 4 weeks prior to enrollment
  9. Use of theophylline preparations or warfarin because of the theoretical possibilities, of enhanced drug effects and toxicities post influenza vaccination
  10. Any medical conditions, or medication use might affect the immune response to a vaccine
  11. Current alcohol, substance abuse, or systemic/psychiatric illness that potentially could interfere with patient compliance and ability to make study visit
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00069914

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00069914     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 030310, 03-I-0310
Study First Received: October 2, 2003
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Immunization
Immune Activation
Flu
Antibodies
Titers
HIV
Healthy Volunteer
HV

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Influenza, Human
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Orthomyxoviridae Infections
Respiratory Tract Infections
Respiratory Tract Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 26, 2014