Immune Response to Influenza Vaccine in HIV-Infected Individuals
This study will evaluate how HIV infection, including CD4 cell count and viral load, affects the patient's ability to produce antibodies in response to vaccination with the influenza (flu) vaccine. Earlier studies have shown that people with HIV infection do not respond as well as healthy subjects to flu vaccine; that is, they don't make as many antibodies in response to the vaccine. Before the use of current anti-HIV medications, antibodies made to flu vaccination in HIV-positive individuals was related to their CD4 cell count. This trial will examine how CD4 counts and the amount of virus in the blood affect how much and what kind of antibodies the body makes to the flu vaccine.
HIV-infected patients and healthy normal volunteers between 18 and 60 years of age may be eligible for this study. Healthy subjects will serve as controls to make sure the flu vaccine works (i.e., stimulates production of enough antibody to protect against the flu), and to compare the amount of antibodies made by HIV-positive and HIV-negative people. Candidates will be screened with a medical history and blood tests (see below). Women who are able to have children will have a pregnancy test. Pregnant women are excluded from the study.
Participants will undergo the following procedures:
Blood drawing for the following tests:
- Routine tests (complete blood count, kidney and liver functions, electrolyte levels).
- CD4 cell count.
- HLA typing (a genetic marker of the immune system) if it has not already been done at the NIH. This test may be used to try to identify factors associated with the rate of progression of HIV disease or related conditions. Determining HLA type is necessary to be able to perform certain research studies. Some HLA types have been associated with an increased risk of certain diseases like arthritis and other rheumatologic problems.
- Viral load (HIV-infected patients only).
- Influenza antibody levels.
- B cell levels.
- Flu vaccination
Follow-up visits on days, 7, 28, and 54 after vaccination for the following:
- Review of any illnesses or fever.
- Review of medications, if any changes were made.
- Repeat blood tests.
|Official Title:||Immune Response to Influenza Vaccination in HIV-Infected Individuals|
|Study Start Date:||September 2003|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||September 2005|
The purpose of this protocol is to evaluate the effect of HIV viral load and CD4 counts on the generation of influenza-specific antibodies and influenza-specific B cell responses in HIV-infected adults. HIV-infected subjects will be enrolled to receive the influenza vaccine appropriate to the on-going USA influenza season (Oct-March). Laboratory studies (including influenza titers, influenza-specific B cell frequencies, CD4 counts, and HIV viral loads) will be obtained at baseline (day of vaccination), day 7, 28, and 54 post-vaccination. HIV-negative healthy volunteers will serve as controls. Although there are some risks to influenza vaccine, the CDC Advisory Committee on Immunizations recommends influenza vaccination for HIV-infected patients. The primary study risks are those of phlebotomy and the inconvenience of multiple visits. Subjects will be compensated for participation in the study. Total enrollment of the study is a maximum of 165 subjects (132 HIV-infected individuals and 33 HIV-negative controls).
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|