Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy With or Without Gefitinib in Treating Patients With Stage IIIA or Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00062270
First received: June 5, 2003
Last updated: April 11, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. Radiation therapy uses high-energy x-rays to damage tumor cells. Biological therapies such as gefitinib may interfere with the growth of the tumor cells and slow the growth of the tumor. Combining chemotherapy and radiation therapy with gefitinib before surgery may shrink the tumor so that it can be removed during surgery.

PURPOSE: Phase I/II trial to compare the effectiveness of neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with or without gefitinib in treating patients who are undergoing surgery for stage III non-small cell lung cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Lung Cancer
Drug: cisplatin
Drug: docetaxel
Drug: gefitinib
Drug: gemcitabine hydrochloride
Procedure: conventional surgery
Procedure: neoadjuvant therapy
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Neoadjuvant Chemoradiotherapy (Gemcitabine/Cisplatin and Taxotere) With or Without Co-Administration of ZD 1839 (Iressa) for Stage IIIA (N2) and Selective Stage IIIB Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer: Phase I-II Study

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the tolerability and toxicity of gefitinib in combination with chest radiotherapy in patients with stage IIIA or stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer. [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Study Start Date: May 2003
Study Completion Date: September 2004
Primary Completion Date: September 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: Phase I:

  • Determine the tolerability and toxicity of gefitinib in combination with chest radiotherapy in patients with stage IIIA or stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer.

Phase II:

  • Compare the pathologic response (complete response and rate of downstaging) in patients treated with neoadjuvant chemoradiotherapy with vs without gefitinib.
  • Compare the feasibility and toxicity profile of these regimens in these patients.
  • Compare the resection rates, time to progression, and overall survival of patients treated with these regimens.
  • Correlate the percent decline in the fludeoxyglucose F 18 standardized uptake value as measured by position emission tomography with pathologic response at resection, time to progression, and overall survival in patients treated with these regimens.

OUTLINE:

  • Phase I: This is an open-label, nonrandomized study.

    • Induction: Patients receive cisplatin IV over 60 minutes on day 1 and gemcitabine IV over 30 minutes on days 1 and 8. Treatment repeats every 3 weeks for a total of 2 courses in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Consolidation: Within 3-4 weeks after the completion of induction therapy, patients undergo radiotherapy once daily 5 days a week for 5 weeks and receive oral gefitinib once daily concurrently.

A cohort of 3-6 patients receives consolidation chemoradiotherapy. If 2 of 6 patients experience dose-limiting toxicity, gefitinib is deleted from consolidation therapy in phase II arm II.

  • Surgery: Patients without disease progression after consolidation therapy undergo thoracotomy within 3-5 weeks after consolidation.
  • Maintenance: Beginning 2-4 weeks after surgery, patients receive oral gefitinib once daily for 6 months in the absence of disease progression.

    • Phase II: This is a randomized study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.
  • Arm I: Patients receive induction and consolidation therapy (with the exception of gefitinib) as in phase I. Patients also receive docetaxel IV over 60 minutes concurrently with radiotherapy during consolidation. Patients undergo surgery as in phase I.
  • Arm II: Patients receive therapy (including gefitinib) as in phase I. Patients also receive docetaxel IV over 60 minutes concurrently with radiotherapy during consolidation.

Patients are followed every 6-8 weeks for the first 12 months and then every 4-6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 43-80 patients (3-6 patients for phase I and 40-74 patients [20-37 per treatment arm] for phase II) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   19 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically or cytologically confirmed non-small cell lung cancer

    • Stage IIIA (T1-3, N2)

      • Positive (pathological) ipsilateral mediastinal node
    • Selective stage IIIB meeting all of the following criteria:

      • No pleural/pericardial effusion or superior vena cava syndrome
      • T4 due to invasion of carina, trachea, or mediastinal structures
      • Mediastinal N3 nodes (without supraclavicular or cervical adenopathy)
  • Proof of N2 or N3 status requires surgical staging of the mediastinum (mediastinoscopy, mediastinotomy, or exploration)
  • Expression of epidermal growth factor receptor (at least 1+) by immunohistochemistry
  • Measurable disease by contrast CT scan allowed
  • No bronchoalveolar cell carcinoma
  • No prior diagnosis of lung cancer

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age

  • 19 and over

Performance status

  • ECOG 0-1 (0-2 if albumin is at least 0.85 times lower limit of normal and weight loss within 3 months before diagnosis is no greater than 10%)

Life expectancy

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic

  • Absolute neutrophil count at least 1,500/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 150,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least 10 g/dL

Hepatic

  • Bilirubin normal
  • AST and ALT no greater than 2.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • Alkaline phosphatase no greater than 2 times ULN

    • Alkaline phosphatase between 1.5-2 times ULN requires a negative bone scan for metastatic bone disease

Renal

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.4 mg/dL OR
  • Creatinine clearance at least 60 mL/min

Cardiac

  • No myocardial infarction within the past 3 months
  • No active angina
  • No unstable heart rhythms
  • No congestive heart failure

Pulmonary

  • Post-resection predicted FEV_1% greater than 35%

    • Predicted FEV_1% is defined as FEV_1% times percent perfusion to uninvolved lung from quantitative lung V/Q scan report

Other

  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception during and for at least 6 weeks after study treatment
  • No other uncontrolled medical illness
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except basal cell skin cancer or carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • No grade 2 or greater peripheral neuropathy
  • No concurrent ocular inflammation or infection
  • No prior severe hypersensitivity reaction to docetaxel or other drugs formulated with polysorbate 80
  • No known severe hypersensitivity reaction to gefitinib or any of its excipients
  • No prior severe allergic reaction to platinum-containing compounds or mannitol

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy

  • No concurrent growth factors (e.g., filgrastim [G-CSF] or sargramostim [GM-CSF]) during chemotherapy

Chemotherapy

  • No prior chemotherapy for lung cancer

Endocrine therapy

  • Not specified

Radiotherapy

  • No prior radiotherapy for lung cancer

Surgery

  • Recovered from prior major surgery
  • No concurrent ophthalmic surgery

Other

  • More than 30 days since prior unapproved or investigational drugs
  • No concurrent use of the following drugs:

    • Phenytoin
    • Carbamazepine
    • Barbiturates
    • Rifampin
    • Phenobarbital
    • Hypericum perforatum (St. John's Wort)
    • Warfarin
  • No concurrent retinoids
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00062270

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-3300
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Investigators
Study Chair: Francisco Robert, MD, FACP University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00062270     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000304674, UAB-0162, UAB-F020730006, ZENECA-ZD1839US-0207, AVENTIS-GIA-12139
Study First Received: June 5, 2003
Last Updated: April 11, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:
stage IIIA non-small cell lung cancer
stage IIIB non-small cell lung cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Carcinoma, Non-Small-Cell Lung
Lung Neoplasms
Bronchial Neoplasms
Carcinoma, Bronchogenic
Lung Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Respiratory Tract Diseases
Respiratory Tract Neoplasms
Thoracic Neoplasms
Cisplatin
Gefitinib
Gemcitabine
Anti-Infective Agents
Antimetabolites
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Immunologic Factors
Immunosuppressive Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014