Levofloxacin In The Treatment Of Children With Recurrent And/or Persistent Acute Otitis Media

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00051753
First received: January 16, 2003
Last updated: January 7, 2011
Last verified: January 2011
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to demonstrate non-inferiority of levofloxacin compared with amoxicillin/clavulanate on the clinical response at the end of therapy in infants and children who have recurrent and/or persistent acute otitis media.


Condition Intervention Phase
Otitis Media
Drug: levofloxacin; amoxicillin/clavulanate
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Randomized, Comparative Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Levofloxacin in the Treatment of Children Who Have Recurrent and/or Persistent Acute Otitis Media

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical response (cured versus not cured) at Visit 3 (2 to 5 days after last dose).

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical success (cured and improved versus failed) rate at Visit 3 (2 to 5 days after the last dose) and Visit 4 (10 to 17 days after the last dose); clinical cure rate at Visit 4 (10 to 17 days after the last dose); safety evaluations

Enrollment: 1643
Study Start Date: November 2002
Study Completion Date: May 2005
Detailed Description:

This is a randomized, active-comparator, multicenter study consisting of 3 phases: a Pretreatment (Screening) Phase, a Treatment Phase, and a Posttreatment Phase. Subject eligibility will be determined at the screening visit based on signs and symptoms of acute otitis media (e.g., middle ear effusion, acute inflammation, acute purulent otorrhea) and criteria for recurrent and/or persistent acute otitis media. Eligible subjects will be randomized and drug will be dispensed by a study coordinator who will instruct parents and the subject about the importance of not revealing the assigned therapy to the subject's evaluator. Each subject will have an evaluator who will remain blinded to the subject's therapy throughout the study. Clinical assessments performed by a blinded evaluator at several time points throughout the study will be used to evaluate efficacy. Safety will be evaluated throughout the study by assessment of adverse events and changes in physical examinations (including musculoskeletal examination with evaluation of joints), vital signs, and clinical laboratory findings. Supplementary safety evaluations for musculoskeletal adverse events will be performed throughout the study. All subjects who enroll in this study and take at least 1 dose of levofloxacin or amoxicillin/clavulanate will be eligible to rollover into a long-term surveillance study primarily focused on the musculoskeletal system. The purpose of this study is to demonstrate non-inferiority of levofloxacin compared with amoxicillin/clavulanate on the clinical response at the end of therapy in infants and children who have recurrent and/or persistent acute otitis media. Either levofloxacin 10 mg/kg twice daily for 10 days (maximum daily dose of 500 mg) or amoxicillin/clavulanate (14:1) 45 mg amoxicillin/kg twice daily for 10 days (maximum daily dose of 3600 mg amoxicillin). Both study drugs will be given orally as a liquid suspension formulation

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   6 Months to 5 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Males or females, aged > or equal to 6 months to < 5 years
  • Clinical signs and symptoms of otitis media including middle ear effusion and acute inflammation or acute purulent otorrhea
  • At risk for difficult to treat Acute Otitis Media (AOM) is defined as having one of the following: recurrent Otitis Media (OM) as defined by 3 or more episodes in last 6 months or 4 or more episodes in past year or persistent OM as defined by evidence of AOM on 3rd day after starting any antimicrobial regimen
  • Written consent/assent
  • Have not participated in an experimental drug or medical device trial within 30 days prior to start of study.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • History of hypersensitivity or serious reaction to any quinolone
  • Tympanostomy tube in the affected ear
  • Requires use of systemic antibiotic other than study drug
  • Has a serious bacterial infection in addition to AOM that may interfere with assessment of their clinical response
  • Diagnosed with bacterial meningitis
  • Abnormal renal function defined as serum creatinine >0.5 mg/dL in infants 6 months or older and 0.8 mg/dL in children between 1 and 5 years of age
  • History or presence of arthropathy or periarticular disease or any other musculoskeletal signs or symptoms that may confound a future safety exam of MS events
  • Has a high probability of death during the study
  • Poorly controlled seizure disorder or at risk for seizures
  • HIV infection requiring pneumocystis carinii pneumonia prophylaxis
  • Chronic use of corticosteroids 2mg/kg or more or 20mg/day for 14 or more days
  • Amoxicillin/clavulanate (90 mg/kg/day) use within 3 days before the first dose of the study drug
  • Previous participation in this protocol or another levofloxacin clinical study
  • Employees of the investigator or study center with direct involvement in the study
  • Family members are also excluded
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00051753

Sponsors and Collaborators
Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
Investigators
Study Director: Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L. C. Clinical Trial Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00051753     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CR004168
Study First Received: January 16, 2003
Last Updated: January 7, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by Johnson & Johnson Pharmaceutical Research & Development, L.L.C.:
Otitis Media
Acute Otitis Media
ear infection
levofloxacin
amoxicillin
clavulanate

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Otitis
Otitis Media
Ear Diseases
Otorhinolaryngologic Diseases
Amoxicillin
Amoxicillin-Potassium Clavulanate Combination
Clavulanic Acid
Clavulanic Acids
Levofloxacin
Ofloxacin
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Infective Agents, Urinary
Antineoplastic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Renal Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 29, 2014