Imatinib Mesylate in Treating Patients With Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor That Has Been Completely Removed By Surgery

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00041197
First received: July 8, 2002
Last updated: July 15, 2013
Last verified: June 2013
  Purpose

This randomized phase III trial is studying imatinib mesylate to see how well it works compared to placebo in treating patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor that has been completely removed by surgery. Imatinib mesylate may interfere with the growth of tumor cells and may be an effective treatment for patients with primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor that has been completely removed by surgery.


Condition Intervention Phase
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor
Drug: imatinib mesylate
Other: placebo
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase III Randomized Double-Blind Study of Adjuvant STI571 (Gleevec™) Versus Placebo in Patients Following the Resection of Primary Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumor (GIST)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Recurrence-free survival (RFS) [ Time Frame: From date of resection to the date of first observation of recurrence, assessed up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    An O'Brien-Fleming bound will be used to stop the trial early for superiority of the STI571 arm.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety as assessed by the National Cancer Institute (NCI) Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE) version 3.0 [ Time Frame: Up to 5 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Safety analysis will consist of routine tabulations, detailed documentation concerning all adverse events, detailed documentation of any unusual events, and any special reports, analyses, or tabulations requested by the DSMC.

  • Relationship between genetic and phenotypic characteristics of GIST and clinical outcomes [ Time Frame: Up to 10 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 732
Study Start Date: June 2002
Primary Completion Date: April 2007 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I (imatinib mesylate)
Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) once daily. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients who develop a recurrence during the year of initial treatment receive imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) at an increased dose. Patients who develop a recurrence after the year of initial treatment restart imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) and continue taking the drug at the discretion of the principal investigator.
Drug: imatinib mesylate
Given orally (PO)
Other Names:
  • CGP 57148
  • Gleevec
  • Glivec
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies
Placebo Comparator: Arm II (placebo)
Patients receive oral placebo once daily. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients who develop a recurrence at any time discontinue placebo and crossover to arm I. Treatment on arm I continues at the discretion of the principal investigator.
Other: placebo
Given PO
Other Name: PLCB
Other: laboratory biomarker analysis
Correlative studies

Detailed Description:

PRIMARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To determine whether patients with resected primary gastrointestinal stromal tumor (GIST) who are randomized to the STI571 (imatinib mesylate) Arm have longer recurrence-free survival as compared to the patients randomized to the placebo Arm.

SECONDARY OBJECTIVES:

I. To ascertain whether patients with resected primary GIST who are randomized to the STI571 Arm have longer survival as compared to the patients randomized to the placebo Arm.

II. To obtain from patients with GIST: tumor tissue (before therapy with STI571 and if the patient develops recurrence), blood specimens (before therapy with STI571), and serum specimens (before therapy with STI571, after completing therapy with STI571, and if the patient develops recurrence) for scientific correlative analyses.

III. To assess the safety/efficacy of oral STI571 therapy in the adjuvant setting.

OUTLINE: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

ARM I: Patients receive oral imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) once daily. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients who develop a recurrence during the year of initial treatment receive imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) at an increased dose. Patients who develop a recurrence after the year of initial treatment restart imatinib mesylate (Gleevec; STI571) and continue taking the drug at the discretion of the principal investigator.

ARM II: Patients receive oral placebo once daily. Treatment continues for 1 year in the absence of unacceptable toxicity. Patients who develop a recurrence at any time discontinue placebo and crossover to arm I. Treatment on arm I continues at the discretion of the principal investigator.

Patients are followed every 3 months for 2 years, then every 6 months for 10 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient must have an ECOG/Zubrod performance status of =< 2
  • Patient must have a histologic diagnosis of primary GIST (without peritoneal or distant metastasis) that expresses Kit protein by immunohistochemistry and have tumor size >= 3cm in maximum dimension
  • Patient must have undergone complete gross resection (includes R0 [negative microscopic margins] and R1 [positive microscopic margins]) of a primary GIST within 70 days prior to registration
  • Patient must have a chest x-ray completed within 28 days prior to registration; NOTE: Chest CT within 28 days prior to registration can be used in lieu of chest x-ray
  • Patient must have a post-operative CT scan with IV and PO contrast or MRI with contrast (if allergic to CT contrast) of abdomen and pelvis within 28 days prior to registration
  • Creatinine =< 1.5 times the institution ULN
  • WBC >= 2,000/mm^3
  • Platelets >= 100,000/mm^3
  • Total Bilirubin =< 1.5 times the institution ULN; NOTE: Patients with elevated bilirubin secondary to Gilbert's disease are eligible to participate in the study
  • AST =< 2.5 times the institution ULN
  • ALT =< 2.5 times the institution ULN
  • Female of childbearing potential must have negative serum pregnancy test; NOTE: Post-menopausal women must be amenorrheic for at least 12 months to be deemed not of reproductive potential
  • Patient or the patient's legally acceptable representative must provide a signed and dated written informed consent prior to registration and any study-related procedures
  • Patient must provide written authorization to allow the use and disclosure of their protected health information; NOTE: This may be obtained in either the study-specific informed consent or in a separate authorization form and must be obtained from the patient prior to study registration (non-US sites are exempt from HIPAA regulations)
  • If patient is a cancer survivor, ALL of the following criteria apply:

    • Patient has undergone potentially curative therapy for all prior malignancies
    • No evidence of any prior malignancies for at least 5 years with no evidence of recurrence (except for effectively treated basal cell or squamous carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in-situ of the cervix that has been effectively treated by surgery alone, or lobular carcinoma in-situ of the ipsilateral or contralateral breast treated by surgery alone)
    • Patient is deemed by their treating physician to be at low risk for recurrence from prior malignancies

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has received post-operative chemotherapy
  • Patient has received post-operative radiation therapy
  • Patient has received post-operative investigational treatment
  • Patient has received prior therapy with STI571
  • Patient has had an active infection requiring antibiotics within 14 days prior to registration
  • Patient has objective evidence of residual disease on the postoperative CT scan or MRI of the abdomen or pelvis
  • Patient, if female and breastfeeding; NOTE: It is not known whether STI571or its metabolites are excreted in human milk; however, in lactating female rats administered 100mg/kg, a dose approximately equal to the maximum clinical dose of 800mg/day based on body surface area, STI571 and /or its metabolites were extensively excreted in milk; it is estimated that approximately 1.5% of a maternal dose is excreted into milk, which is equivalent to a dose to the infant of 30% the maternal dose per unit body weight; women should be advised against breastfeeding while taking STI571
  • Patient has New York Heart Association class 3 or 4 cardiac disease
  • Patient is taking full dose warfarin; NOTE: The use of mini-dose warfarin (1mg orally per day) for prevention of central line-associated deep venous thrombosis is permitted
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00041197

Locations
United States, North Carolina
American College of Surgeons Oncology Group
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27705
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Ronald DeMatteo American College of Surgeons
  More Information

No publications provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI)

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00041197     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: NCI-2012-02930, Z9001, CDR0000069452, U10CA076001
Study First Received: July 8, 2002
Last Updated: July 15, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Gastrointestinal Stromal Tumors
Neoplasms, Connective Tissue
Neoplasms, Connective and Soft Tissue
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Imatinib
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Protein Kinase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014