Pilot Study: Effects of G-CSF on T Cell Function
This study will evaluate changes in T cells-infection-fighting white blood cells of the immune system-in people given a drug called G-CSF before donating stem cells (immature bone marrow cells) for transplantation. Originally, bone marrow cells were obtained using a needle inserted into the hipbone of the donor. However, when it was discovered that immature bone marrow cells also circulate in the blood, scientists began to develop techniques to collect quantities of these cells from the blood instead of the bone. G-CSF is a blood cell growth factor that pushes stem cells from the bone marrow into the bloodstream. Stem cell donors are given this drug 5 to 6 days before donation to make more cells available in the circulating blood for collection.
Stem cell transplantation requires careful regulation of immune cell function to allow the donated stem cells to grow in the transplant recipient, to prevent the transplanted cells from damaging the recipient, and to allow the recipient's new immune system to develop normally so it can fight infections. Studies comparing the outcome of patients transplanted with bone marrow cells with those transplanted with stem cells suggest that the G-CSF given to stem cell donors affects the function of T cells in transplant recipients. This study will collect white cells containing T cells before and after G-CSF administration to determine the effects of the drug on both T cells and stem cells.
Healthy normal volunteers 18 years of age and older who meet the health criteria for donating blood may participate in this study. Pregnant and breastfeeding women are not eligible.
Participants will undergo the following procedures:
- Blood sample collection (15 milliliters, or 3 teaspoons) to measure blood cell counts
- Electrocardiogram to assess heart function
- Apheresis to donate white blood cells. Participants will undergo two apheresis procedures-once before receiving G-CSF and a second time immediately after finishing the 5-day course of the drug. For this procedure, whole blood is removed using a needle placed in an arm vein. The blood is circulated through a cell separator machine, where the white cells are removed and collected in a plastic bag. The rest of the blood, including the red cells, platelets, and plasma, are returned to the donor through a needle in the other arm. The procedure takes 2 to 3 hours, during which time the donor lies quietly.
|Official Title:||Pilot Study of the Effects of G-CSF on T Cell Function|
|Study Start Date:||May 2002|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||March 2004|
T cells play a critical role in hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. Many transplant protocols involving HLA matched sibling donors make use of T cell mediated graft-versus-leukemia or graft-versus-cancer effects to clear and/or prevent the recurrent growth of malignant cells. Donor T cells are also responsible for reconstituting cellular immune function following transplantation, but often cause graft-versus-host disease (GVHD). Over the past several years the major source of hematopoietic stem cells for transplantation has changed from marrow to granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF)-mobilized peripheral blood stem cells (PBSCs). Despite the fact that patients transplanted with allogeneic G-CSF-mobilized PBSCs receive approximately 10-fold more T-cells than those transplanted with marrow, the incidence and severity of acute GVHD is similar among the two groups, although chronic GVHD is higher in PBSC recipients. Using cellular function assays some investigators have shown that G-CSF affects T cell function. When healthy subjects are given G-CSF, a decrease is seen in the concentration of circulating type 1 helper T cells (Th1) with subsequent falls in the cytokine levels produced by these cells. In contrast, an increase occurs in the concentration of type 2 helper T cells (TH2) and the level of cytokines produced. The purpose of this study is to assess G-CSF-induced changes in T cells. cDNA microarrays will be used to compare genes expressed in CD4 and CD8 cells before and after G-CSF is given. Up to fifteen healthy subjects will be given a typical PBSC mobilization regimen for allogeneic transplants: 10 micrograms/kg/day of G-CSF for 5 days. Peripheral blood mononuclear cells will be collected by apheresis before the mobilization regimen is given and the day after the mobilization is complete. CD4, CD8, and CD34+ cells will be isolated from the peripheral blood mononuclear cells and gene expression will be assessed using cDNA microarrays containing over 8,000 genes.
|United States, Maryland|
|Warren G. Magnuson Clinical Center (CC)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|