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Randomized Trial Of Exemestane Versus Continued Tamoxifen In Postmenopausal Women With Early Breast Cancer (IES)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
International Collaborative Cancer Group (ICCG)
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00038467
First received: May 31, 2002
Last updated: April 21, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

To compare the sequential administration of exemestane with administration of further tamoxifen until 5 years in postmenopausal women with operable breast cancer who have already received 2-3 years of adjuvant tamoxifen, in terms of disease-free survival (DFS), overall survival (OS), incidence of contralateral breast cancer and long-term tolerability.


Condition Intervention Phase
Breast Neoplasms
Drug: Tamoxifen
Drug: Exemestane
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Double-Blind Trial In Postmenopausal Women With Primary Breast Cancer Who Have Received Adjuvant Tamoxifen For 2-3 Years, Comparing Subsequent Adjuvant Exemestane Treatment With Further Tamoxifen

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Pfizer:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Disease-Free Survival (DFS) at Month 36 Post-Randomization: Main Study [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Month 36 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    DFS defined as time from randomization to earliest documentation of breast cancer relapse or death from any cause. DFS at Month 36 post-randomization was defined as probability of participants alive and disease-free at 36 months after the randomization. Participants withdrawn from the study for any reason in the absence of relapse were censored at the date they were last seen. Relapse was categorized as follows: loco-regional: ipsilateral breast or axillary nodal relapse; distant: distant relapse, including supraclavicular nodes; second primary breast cancer: contralateral breast cancer, excluding ductal carcinoma in situ.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Overall Survival (OS) at Month 36 Post-Randomization: Main Study [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Month 120 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    OS was defined as the duration from randomization to death (due to any cause). OS at Month 36 post-randomization was defined as probability of participants' survival at 36 months after the randomization. For participants who were alive, OS was censored at the last available assessment. Probability of OS at Month 36 post-randomization was reported using Kaplan-Meier estimates at Month 36 post-randomization based on 120-month follow-up data.

  • Number of Events of Second Breast Cancer in Contralateral Breast: Main Study [ Time Frame: Baseline up to Month 120 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Number of events of second primary breast cancer in contralateral breast (excluding ductal carcinoma in situ) were reported.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Lumbar Spine and Proximal Femur (Total Hip) Bone Mineral Density (BMD) at 6, 12, 24 Months On-treatment and 24 Months Post-treatment: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6, 12, 24 months after randomization (on-treatment), 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    BMD measurements for Lumbar spine (LS) and Proximal Femur (Total Hip [TH]) were performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for participants who entered the bone-metabolism sub-study. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this outcome measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Percent Change From Baseline in Femoral Neck and Femoral Wards Bone Mineral Density (BMD) at 6, 12 and 24 Months On-treatment and 24 Months Post-treatment: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6, 12, 24 months after randomization (on-treatment), 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    BMD measurements for femoral neck (FN) and femoral wards (FW) were performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for participants who entered the bone-metabolism sub-study. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this outcome measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Lumbar Spine and Proximal Femur (Total Hip) Bone Mineral Density (BMD) T-scores at 6, 12 and 24 Months On-treatment and 24 Months Post-treatment: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6, 12, 24 months after randomization (on-treatment), 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    BMD measurements for Lumbar spine (LS) and Proximal Femur (Total Hip [TH]) were performed using dual energy X-ray absorptiometry (DXA) for participants who entered the bone-metabolism sub-study. Results were scored as T-score. T-score indicated how many standard deviations higher or lower participant's value was when compared to the young normal reference mean. Using the World Health Organization (WHO) criteria for osteoporosis, a T-score of greater than or equal to (>=)-1.0 was classified as normal, a T-score of greater than -2.5 to less than -1.0 as osteopenic, and a T-score less than or equal to (<=)-2.5 as osteoporotic. Here 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Percentage of Bone Specific Alkaline Phosphatase (BAP) Serum Concentration Relative to Baseline: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30 months after randomization (on-treatment), 36 months after randomization (end of treatment), 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Bone specific alkaline phosphatase (BAP) serum concentration analyzed using enzyme immuno assay (EIA) at post-baseline time points was expressed as percentage of baseline BAP serum concentration. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Percentage of C-Terminal Telopeptide (CTX) Serum Concentration Relative to Baseline: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30 months after randomization (on-treatment), 36 months after randomization (end of treatment), 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    C-terminal telopeptide (CTX) serum concentration analyzed using competitive enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) at post-baseline time points was expressed as percentage of baseline CTX serum concentration. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Percentage of Osteocalcin (OC) and Procollagen T1 C-Peptide (PICP) Serum Concentration Relative to Baseline: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30 months after randomization (on-treatment), 36 months after randomization (end of treatment), 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Osteocalcin (OC) serum concentration analyzed using ELISA and procollagen T1 c-peptide (PICP) serum concentration analyzed using sandwich EIA at post-baseline time points was expressed as percentage of baseline OC serum concentration and baseline PICP serum concentration, respectively. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points, for each group respectively.

  • Percentage of Deoxy-pyridinoline (DPD) Urine Concentration Relative to Baseline: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30 months after randomization (on-treatment), 36 months after randomization (end of treatment), 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Deoxy-pyridinoline (DPD) urine concentration (adjusted for urinary creatinine) analyzed using competitive EIA at post-baseline time points was expressed as percentage of baseline DPD urine concentration. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Percentage of N-telopeptide of Type 1 Collagen (NTX) Urine Concentration Relative to Baseline: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30 months after randomization (on-treatment), 36 months after randomization (end of treatment), 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    N-telopeptide of Type 1 collagen (NTX) urine concentration (adjusted for urinary creatinine) analyzed using competitive inhibition EIA at post-baseline time points was expressed as percentage of baseline NTX urine concentration. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Number of Participants With Fracture: Bone Metabolism Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Change From Baseline in Treatment Outcome Index (TOI) at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The TOI was defined as the sum of 23 items based on following Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Breast version [FACT-B] subscales: Physical well-being (7 items), Functional well-being (7 items), Breast cancer subscale (9 items). Each item was scaled from 0='Not at all' to 4='Very much'. Total TOI score ranged from 0 to 92, where higher TOI score indicated better health-related quality of life (QoL). A change of five points in the TOI scores was considered clinically meaningful. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively. Results for 30, 36, 48, 60 months were not reported because data for these time points was only summarized as graphical presentation.

  • Change From Baseline in Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - Endocrine Subscale (FACT-ES) Total Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The FACT-ES assessed health-related QoL in participants with breast cancer. ES subscale comprised of 18 items (hot flushes,cold sweats,night sweats, vaginal discharge,vaginal irritation,vaginal bleeding,vaginal dryness,discomfort with intercourse,lost interest in sex,gained weight,light headed/dizzy,vomiting,had diarrhea,headaches,felt bloated,breast tenderness,mood swings, felt irritable).Participants indicated how true a statement was for them using a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). For items that were negatively framed, the scores were reversed for the analysis so that higher scores equated to a good QoL. Total FACT-ES score was calculated as sum of all the 18 items and ranged from 0 to 72, where higher score indicated better QoL. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Total Functional Assessment of Cancer Therapy - General Breast and Endocrine (FACT-GBE) Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    FACT-GBE assessed health-related quality of life (QoL) in participants with breast cancer. It consisted of 56 items,summarized to 7 subscales(subscale 1 to 6 constituted total FACT-B and subscale 7 constituted total ES):physical well-being(7 items), social/family well-being(7 items),relationship with doctor (2 items),emotional well-being(6 items),functional well-being(7 items),breast cancer subscale(9 items),endocrine symptoms(18 items). Participants indicated how true a statement had been for them using 5-point scale from 0(not at all) to 4(very much). For items that were negatively framed,scores were reversed for analysis so that higher scores equated to good QoL. Total FACT-GBE score=sum of all 56 items(range 0 to 224, where higher score indicated better QoL. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Physical Well-Being (PWB) Subscale Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The PWB subscale assessed physical well-being related QoL in participants with breast cancer. PWB subscale comprised of 7 items (energy lack, nausea, family needs, pain, side effects, felt ill, forced to stay in bed). Participants indicated how true a statement had been for them using a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). For items that were negatively framed, the scores were reversed for the analysis so that higher scores equated to a good QoL. Total PWB score was calculated as the sum of all the 7 items and ranged from 0 to 28, where higher score indicated better physical well-being related QoL. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Social/Family Well-Being (SWB) Sub-scale Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The SWB subscale assessed social/family well-being related QoL in participants with breast cancer. SWB subscale comprised of 7 items (distant from friends, emotional support, support from friends, family acceptance, family communication, close to main support, sexual satisfaction). Participants indicated how true a statement had been for them using a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). For items that were negatively framed, the scores were reversed for the analysis so that higher scores equated to a good QoL. Total SWB score was calculated as the sum of all the 7 items and ranged from 0 to 28, where higher score indicated better social/family well-being related QoL. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Relationship With Doctor (RWD) Subscale Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Substudy [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The RWD subscale assessed relationship with doctor in participants with breast cancer. RWD subscale comprised of 2 items (confidence in doctors, doctor answered questions). Participants indicated how true a statement had been for them using a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). Total RWD score was calculated as the sum of the 2 items and ranged from 0 to 8, where higher score indicated better relationship with doctor. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Emotional Well-Being (EWB) Subscale Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The EWB subscale assessed emotional well-being related QoL in participants with breast cancer. EWB subscale comprised of 6 items (felt sad, proud of coping, lost hope, felt nervous, worried about dying, worried about condition worsening). Participants indicated how true a statement had been for them using a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). For items that were negatively framed, the scores were reversed for the analysis so that higher scores equate to a good QoL. Total EWB score was calculated as the sum of the 6 items and ranged from 0 to 24, where higher score indicated better emotional well-being related QoL. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Functional Well-Being (FWB) Sub-scale Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The FWB subscale assessed functional well-being related QoL in participants with breast cancer. FWB subscale comprised of 7 items (able to work, work fulfilled, able to enjoy life, acceptance of illness, sleeping well, enjoyed normal fun activities, contented with QoL). Participants indicated how true a statement had been for them using a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). Total FWB score was calculated as the sum of the 7 items and ranged from 0 to 28, where higher score indicated better functional well-being related QoL. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Change From Baseline in Breast Cancer Subscale (BCS) Score at 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48 and 60 Months: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 3, 6, 9, 12, 18, 24, 30, 36, 48, 60 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The BCS subscale assessed health related QoL in participants with breast cancer. BCS subscale comprised of 9 items (short of breath, self-conscious dress, tender/swollen arms, sexually attractive, bothered by hair loss, worried about familial risk, worried about family stress, bothered by weight change, able to feel like a woman). Participants indicated how true a statement had been for them using a 5-point scale from 0 (not at all) to 4 (very much). For items that were negatively framed, the scores were reversed for the analysis so that higher scores equated to a good QoL. Total BCS score was calculated as the sum of the 9 items and ranged from 0 to 36, where higher score indicated better QoL. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Number of Participants With Severe Endocrine Symptoms: QoL Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months after randomization ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants indicated prevalence of an endocrine subscale items using a 5-point scale, where 0 (not at all), 1 (a little bit), 2 (somewhat), 3 (quite a bit), 4 (very much). Endocrine items were grouped in five categories vasomotor (hot flushes, cold sweats, night sweats, sleeping difficulties), neuropsychological (lack of energy, nervous feeling, lightheaded/dizzy, headaches, mood swings, feeling irritable), gastrointestinal symptoms (nausea, gained weight, vomiting, diarrhea, bloated feeling), gynecological symptoms (vaginal discharge, vaginal irritation, vaginal bleeding, vaginal dryness, discomfort with intercourse, lost interest in sex, breast tenderness) and other symptoms (pain, feeling ill, side effects). Number of participants who reported severe endocrine symptoms (defined as response categories "quite a bit" and "very much") were presented.

  • Percentage of Participants With Endometrial Thickness Greater Than or Equal to (>=) 5 Millimeter (mm): Endometrial Sub-study [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24, 36 months after randomization, 6, 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Endometrial thickness was assessed using transvaginal ultrasound examination. 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Endometrial Thickness: Endometrial Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline, 6, 12, 24, 36 months after randomization, 6, 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Endometrial thickness was assessed using transvaginal ultrasound examination. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this outcome and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Uterine and Overall Ovary Volume: Endometrial Sub-study [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24, 36 months after randomization, 6, 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Uterine volume (UV) and ovarian volume was estimated using ultrasonography. Uterine volume = (longitudinal diameter * transverse diameter * anteroposterior diameter of uterus)/(2*1000). Ovary volume = [(longitudinal diameter * transverse diameter * anteroposterior diameter of ovary) * 3.14]/(6*1000). Overall ovary volume (OV) is calculated as the sum of the right and left ovary volume. 'N' (number of participants analyzed) signifies those participants who were evaluable for this outcome and 'n' signifies those participants who were evaluable for this measure at given time points for each group, respectively.

  • Number of Participants With Polyps, Fibroids and Ovarian Cysts: Endometrial Sub-study [ Time Frame: 6, 12, 24, 36 months after randomization, 6, 12, 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Number of participants with presence of polyps (POL) and fibroids (FIB) at post-baseline time points compared to the baseline (BL) status of 'yes', 'no' or 'missing' (that is, participants reporting POL/FIB at post-baseline time points who had yes, no or missing POL/FIB status at baseline, respectively) were presented. Result for number of participants with ovarian cysts was not analyzed at post-baseline time points as very few participants reported ovarian cysts at baseline.

  • Percentage of Participants With at Least 1 Gynecological Symptoms: Endometrial Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Gynecological symptoms included bleeding/spotting, pelvic pain, leucorrhoea and vaginal itching.

  • Number of Participants With Histological Findings: Endometrial Sub-study [ Time Frame: Baseline up to 24 months post-treatment ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

Enrollment: 4740
Study Start Date: February 1998
Study Completion Date: March 2013
Primary Completion Date: June 2003 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Active Comparator: B Drug: Tamoxifen
Tamoxifen 20 mg/day tablets administered p.o. for a period ranging from 2.5 to 3 years.
Experimental: A Drug: Exemestane
Exemestane 25 mg/day tablets administered p.o. for a period ranging from 2.5 to 3 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   30 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • postmenopausal women with histologically or cytologically confirmed primary breast adenocarcinoma, receiving tamoxifen and have been treated with tamoxifen continuously for between 2 and 3 years and one month, and still free of disease

Exclusion Criteria:

  • unresectable breast cancer
  • ER negative primary tumor
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00038467

  Show 380 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
International Collaborative Cancer Group (ICCG)
Investigators
Study Director: Pfizer CT.gov Call Center Pfizer
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Pfizer
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00038467     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 96-OEXE-031, A5991012
Study First Received: May 31, 2002
Results First Received: March 5, 2014
Last Updated: April 21, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Skin Diseases
Exemestane
Tamoxifen
Antineoplastic Agents
Antineoplastic Agents, Hormonal
Aromatase Inhibitors
Bone Density Conservation Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Estrogen Antagonists
Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Hormone Antagonists
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Selective Estrogen Receptor Modulators
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014