Enhancement of Use-Dependent Plasticity by Somatosensory Stimulation in Chronic Stroke
Recent studies have demonstrated that electrical stimulation delivered over the skin increases the muscle strength as measured by a dynamometer in chronic stroke patients. We recently also found out that such stimulation enhances the ability of healthy brains to learn faster, enhancing the beneficial effects of the motor training.
The purpose of this study is to find out if this stimulation can enhance the ability of stroke patients to experience plastic changes in the brain. It may aid in the development of new strategies for rehabilitation after brain injury in the future.
A clinical and neurological exam will be administered. Each patient will participate in three different sessions separated by at least 48 hours: a 2-hour peripheral nerve stimulation to the weak hand, a 2-hour peripheral nerve stimulation to the leg, and no stimulation. The sessions will be randomly ordered. A magnetic resonance imaging scan of the brain will be done as well.
Nerve stimulation will be done by transcranial magnetic stimulation (TMS). In TMS, the head is immobilized within a frame. An insulated coil wire is placed on the scalp and brief electrical current passed through it. Participants may be asked to perform movements, do simple tasks, or simply tense muscles. Electrical activity of the muscles will be recorded with a computer. Some experiments may be recorded on videotape.
Participants must be stroke patients who have recovered to the point of being able to make thumb movements, and the stroke must have occurred more than 6 months ago.
|Official Title:||Enhancement of Use-Dependent Plasticity by Somatosensory Stimulation in Chronic Stroke|
|Study Start Date:||December 2001|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||November 2005|
There are very few therapeutic options for the treatment of motor disabilities resulting from chronic stroke. Motor training results in use-dependent plasticity, thought to underlie recovery of motor function after cortical lesions. We recently demonstrated that stimulation of peripheral nerves (SPN) administered in association with motor training enhances use-dependent plasticity in healthy volunteers. The purpose of this protocol is to investigate if SPN administered in association with motor training enhances use-dependent plasticity in patients with chronic stroke. If so, it may become an important tool to enhance the beneficial effects of rehabilitative treatment in this patient group.
|United States, Maryland|
|National Institute of Neurological Disorders and Stroke (NINDS)|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892|