Celecoxib in Preventing Skin Cancer in Patients With Actinic Keratoses

This study has been withdrawn prior to enrollment.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00027976
First received: December 7, 2001
Last updated: August 1, 2013
Last verified: November 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Chemoprevention therapy is the use of certain drugs to try to prevent the development or recurrence of cancer. The use of celecoxib may be an effective way to prevent actinic keratoses.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase II/III trial to determine the effectiveness of celecoxib in preventing skin cancer in patients who have actinic keratoses.


Condition Intervention Phase
Precancerous Condition
Drug: celecoxib
Drug: Placebo
Phase 2
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Caregiver, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase II/III Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled Clinical Trial Of Celecoxib In Subjects With Actinic Keratoses

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Compare celecoxib vs placebo in terms of preventing the development of new actinic keratoses in patients with actinic keratoses. [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 months after last dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Compare these treatment regimens in terms of inducing regression of actinic keratoses in these patients. [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 months after last dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Compare the effect of these treatment regimens on potential surrogate end-point biomarkers in areas of actinic keratosis, sun-exposed skin, and non-sun-exposed skin and correlate these biomarkers with clinical outcome in these patients. [ Time Frame: baseline to 2 months after last dose ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Enrollment: 0
Study Start Date: December 2001
Study Completion Date: December 2005
Primary Completion Date: December 2005 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Group 1 active arm
receipt of active drug
Drug: celecoxib
Experimental: Group 2 active arm
receipt of active drug
Drug: celecoxib
Experimental: group 2 placebo arm
receipt of placebo
Drug: Placebo

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare celecoxib vs placebo in terms of preventing the development of new actinic keratoses in patients with actinic keratoses.
  • Compare these treatment regimens in terms of inducing regression of actinic keratoses in these patients.
  • Determine the safety of this drug in these patients.
  • Compare the effect of these treatment regimens on potential surrogate end-point biomarkers in areas of actinic keratosis, sun-exposed skin, and non-sun-exposed skin and correlate these biomarkers with clinical outcome in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms.

  • Arm I: Patients receive oral celecoxib twice daily for 9 months in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
  • Arm II: Patients receive oral placebo as in arm I. Patients are followed at 2 months after completing treatment.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 240 patients (120 per treatment arm) will be accrued for this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Diagnosis of Fitzpatrick skin types I, II, or III
  • Sun-damaged skin with 10-40 actinic keratoses on the upper extremities (upper arms, forearms, and hands), neck, face, and scalp combined

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 18 and over

Performance status:

  • Not specified

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • WBC at least 3,000/mm^3
  • Platelet count at least 125,000/mm^3
  • Hemoglobin at least lower limit of normal
  • No significant bleeding disorder

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin no greater than 1.5 times upper limit of normal (ULN)
  • AST and ALT no greater than 1.5 times ULN
  • No chronic or acute hepatic disorder

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 1.5 times ULN
  • BUN no greater than 1.5 times ULN
  • No chronic or acute renal disorder

Gastrointestinal:

  • No history of or active inflammatory bowel disease
  • No active pancreatitis
  • Not diagnosed with esophageal, gastric, pyloric channel, or duodenal ulceration within the past 30 days

Other:

  • No history of keloid formation
  • No known photosensitivity disorder
  • No history of hypersensitivity or adverse reaction to sulfonamides, COX-2 inhibitors, salicylates, or other NSAIDs
  • No other condition that would preclude study
  • No other medical or psychosocial condition that would preclude study
  • No other malignancy within the past 5 years except:

    • Carcinoma in situ of the cervix
    • Curatively excised nonmelanoma skin cancer
    • Stage 0 chronic lymphocytic leukemia
    • Any cancer for which the patient is currently without evidence of disease, has not been treated for tumor within the past 6 months, has no current or planned therapy, and has an expected disease-free survival of at least 5 years
  • Not pregnant or nursing
  • Negative pregnancy test
  • Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • At least 30 days since prior systemic immunotherapy
  • No concurrent immunotherapy

Chemotherapy:

  • At least 3 months since prior topical fluorouracil (5-FU)
  • At least 6 months since other prior topical chemotherapy
  • No concurrent topical chemotherapy, including 5-FU
  • No other concurrent chemotherapy

Endocrine therapy:

  • At least 6 months since prior oral or IV corticosteroids for more than 2 consecutive weeks
  • At least 6 months since prior inhaled or nasal corticosteroids for more than 4 weeks duration
  • At least 14 days since prior topical corticosteroids
  • At least 30 days since prior nasal corticosteroids (except mometasone)
  • No concurrent oral or IV corticosteroids for more than 2 consecutive weeks during any 6 month period during study
  • No concurrent inhaled or nasal steroids (except mometasone) for more than 4 weeks during any 6 month period during study
  • No concurrent hormonal or steroidal therapy, including topical corticosteroids
  • Concurrent hormone replacement therapy (e.g., estrogen or thyroid hormone replacement) allowed

Radiotherapy:

  • At least 6 months since prior local radiotherapy to areas being studied
  • At least 30 days since other prior radiotherapy
  • No concurrent radiotherapy, including local radiotherapy to areas being studied

Surgery:

  • Not specified

Other:

  • At least 30 days since prior cryotherapy to target lesions
  • At least 60 days since prior laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, or chemical peels
  • At least 30 days since prior investigational medication
  • At least 14 days since prior topical alphahydroxyacids (e.g., glycolic acid or lactic acid) or retinoids
  • At least 30 days since prior systemic psoralens or retinoids
  • At least 30 days since prior treatment for esophageal, gastric, pyloric channel, or duodenal ulcers
  • At least 30 days since prior aspirin (more than 100 mg/day), other nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs) or COX-2 inhibitors at a frequency of at least 3 times per week for more than 2 weeks (except cardioprotective doses of aspirin (no more than 100 mg/day)
  • No concurrent systemic psoralens or retinoids
  • No concurrent prescription or over-the-counter topical medications to areas being studied (e.g., vitamin A derivatives)
  • No concurrent cryotherapy to target lesions
  • No concurrent laser resurfacing, dermabrasion, or chemical peels
  • No other concurrent investigational medications
  • No concurrent fluconazole or lithium
  • No concurrent chronic NSAIDs or COX-2 inhibitors (at least 3 times per week for more than 2 consecutive weeks per year)
  • Concurrent cardioprotective doses of oral aspirin (100 mg per day or less) allowed
  • Concurrent moisturizer/emollient or sunscreen allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00027976

Locations
United States, Alabama
University of Alabama at Birmingham Comprehensive Cancer Center
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294-3300
United States, California
Chao Family Comprehensive Cancer Center at University of California Irvine Cancer Center
Irvine, California, United States, 92697
United States, Michigan
University of Michigan Comprehensive Cancer Center
Ann Arbor, Michigan, United States, 48109-0314
United States, Missouri
Siteman Cancer Center at Barnes-Jewish Hospital
Saint Louis, Missouri, United States, 63110
United States, New York
James P. Wilmot Cancer Center at University of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Texas
University of Texas - MD Anderson Cancer Center
Houston, Texas, United States, 77030-4009
United States, Wisconsin
University of Wisconsin Comprehensive Cancer Center
Madison, Wisconsin, United States, 53792-6164
Sponsors and Collaborators
University of Alabama at Birmingham
Investigators
Study Chair: Craig A. Elmets, MD University of Alabama at Birmingham
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: University of Alabama at Birmingham
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00027976     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000069099, UAB-9833, UAB-NQ401A4009, UAB-NQ49902009, NCI-P00-0161, NCI-P01-0197
Study First Received: December 7, 2001
Last Updated: August 1, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by University of Alabama at Birmingham:
actinic keratosis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Keratosis
Keratosis, Actinic
Precancerous Conditions
Skin Diseases
Neoplasms
Celecoxib
Cyclooxygenase 2 Inhibitors
Cyclooxygenase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents, Non-Steroidal
Analgesics, Non-Narcotic
Analgesics
Sensory System Agents
Peripheral Nervous System Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Anti-Inflammatory Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Central Nervous System Agents
Antirheumatic Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014