Safety/Immunogenicity of Immunizations of ALVAC-DC-SC vs ALVAC-SC

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00026624
First received: November 12, 2001
Last updated: May 16, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine how safe it is to give patients a shot that has a mixture of a vaccine and dendritic cells (DCs), a special kind of immune cell, and how safe it is to give a shot of the vaccine alone.

Current HIV vaccines have not been strong enough to give good immune responses. Research has shown that the immune response to a vaccine delivered by DCs is greater than the response without DC delivery. A5130 is a study that seeks to give good delivery of the vaccine to important immune cells of the body.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Biological: ALVAC(2)120(B,MN)GNP (vCP1452)
Drug: Keyhole-Limpet Hemocyanin
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I/II Study to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of the Subcutaneous Administration of ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 Infected Autologous Dendritic Cells Versus the Subcutaneous Administration of ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 To HIV-Infected Subjects

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Study Completion Date: October 2006
Detailed Description:

Cytotoxic T-cell lymphocyte (CTL) responses are important in viral destruction and thereby in the protective immune response to viral infection. Current HIV vaccines do not consistently elicit strong CTL responses. The limited immune response of current HIV vaccines could be attributed, in addition to other causes, to failure of the vaccine to reach the appropriate cells to initiate a robust immune response. DCs particularly are effective in stimulating primary T-cell-dependent immunity. Antigen-bearing DCs are used as adjuvants for active immunotherapy in humans, particularly to increase host resistance to tumors and certain viral infections. A5130 is an exploratory, proof-of-concept study that seeks to ensure adequate delivery of the vaccine to important antigen-presenting cells.

Patients are randomized into 1 of 2 vaccination groups at entry. Group A: Patients receive an SC vaccination with DCs infected with ALVAC-HIV vCP1452. DC exposure to KLH occurs at Weeks 3 and 7. Leukopheresis occurs at entry.

Group B: Patients receive an SC vaccination with ALVAC-HIV vCP1452 without DCs. KLH injections are administered at Weeks 3 and 7.

Patients in both groups receive their vaccinations at Weeks 3, 7, and 15. This study consists of 4 steps but not all patients necessarily qualify to enter Step II, Step III, or Step IV.

Step I: vaccination phase. Step II: withdrawal of potent ART. Step III: optional discontinuation of ART. Step IV: reinitiation of ART. [AS PER AMENDMENT 04/10/02: Step V: follow-up period off potent ART.]

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are HIV-infected.
  • Took 3 or more anti-HIV drugs for 3 or more months before study entry.
  • Have a viral load of 400 copies/ml or less for a period of 3 months before study start and within 30 days before study start.
  • Have a CD4 count of 400 cells/mm3 or more for a period of 3 months before study start and within 30 days before study start.
  • Have a CD4 count of 400 cells/mm3 or more at study screening.
  • Have a viral load of 50 copies/ml or less at study screening.
  • Are at least 18 years old.
  • Agree not to become pregnant or to impregnate during the study and for 12 weeks after the study, if able to have children.

Exclusion Criteria

Patients may not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have a short-term but intense infection or serious illness within 14 days before study start and have not completed therapy or are not clinically stable on therapy.
  • Have viral load values greater than 400 copies/ml within 3 months before study start.
  • Have CD4 counts less than 400 cells/mm3 within 3 months before study start.
  • Have close contact with canaries through work (e.g., breeding farms, bird shops). Does not apply to pet canaries.
  • Are allergic to eggs or neomycin. Have a history of serious allergic reactions including allergy-induced asthma.
  • Are sensitive or allergic to study drugs.
  • Use drugs or alcohol in a way that would interfere with the patients' ability to follow the study requirements.
  • Have become HIV-positive within 1 year before study start.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Have had lymph node irradiation.
  • Have had any HIV vaccine.
  • Have used hydroxyurea within 45 days of study start.
  • Have received drugs that affect the immune system, such as corticosteriods, within 30 days before study start.
  • Are allergic to shellfish. (This study has been changed to make shellfish allergy an exclusion criterion and to remove abacavir use as an exclusion criterion.)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00026624

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Massachusetts General Hospital ACTG CRS
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
United States, New York
Beth Israel Med. Ctr., ACTU
New York, New York, United States, 10003
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Jeffrey Jacobson
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00026624     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A5130, AACTG A5130, 10080, ACTG A5130
Study First Received: November 12, 2001
Last Updated: May 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Virus Replication
Injections, Subcutaneous
HIV-1
AIDS Vaccines
Dendritic Cells
Adoptive Transfer
Keyhole-Limpet Hemocyanin
HIV Therapeutic Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Keyhole-limpet hemocyanin
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014