Evaluation of Specific Infection-Fighting Cells For Prediction of Immune Response to Anti-HIV and Immune-Boosting Medication
The purpose of this study is to see if the amount of stem cells (cells that can develop into many kinds of cells) in the blood before anti-HIV drugs are taken can predict if the immune system will become stronger after anti-HIV drugs are given and if anti-HIV drugs can restore stem cells.
HIV infection has been shown to cause stem cells not to function well. Granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF), which causes stem cells to go from the bone marrow (tissues in the bones where blood cells are formed) into the bloodstream, could possibly help boost immunity after anti-HIV treatment. This study examines the effects of G-CSF in helping the immune system become stronger after beginning anti-HIV treatment.
Drug: Abacavir sulfate
|Study Design:||Primary Purpose: Treatment|
|Official Title:||Evaluation of the Relationship Between Immunologic Recovery After Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy and the Ability to Mobilize CD34+ Stem Cells Following G-CSF Administration|
In HIV infection, a progressive decline and/or dysfunction of several cell types is seen. It is thought that stem cell dysfunction or destruction may contribute to the hematologic and immunologic perturbations characteristic of HIV infection and may possibly limit the extent of immunologic recovery following HAART. This study proposes to investigate whether stem cell function and reserves are important in determining the extent of immune reconstitution following HAART.
Patients are stratified according to CD4 count. On Day 0, patients receive a 7-day cycle of subcutaneous granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF). Blood samples are collected regularly, and on Day 14 patients undergo real-time HIV-1 RNA determinations. On Day 28, or sooner if HIV RNA is at least 1 log above baseline on Day 14, HAART consisting of daily receipt of abacavir, lamivudine, amprenavir, and ritonavir is initiated and continues until Week 76. Patients who achieve viral suppression (below 400 copies/ml of plasma HIV-1 RNA) by Week 26 are eligible to receive a second 7-day cycle of G-CSF at Week 28 and, if viral suppression continues through Week 50, a third cycle of G-CSF at Week 52. Patients are followed every 8 weeks for changes in viral load. Additionally, patients are monitored at regular intervals for surrogate markers of immunologic recovery and, during each cycle of G-CSF, for measurements of stem cell mobilization. Patients may also volunteer for A5085s (Bone Marrow Aspirate Substudy) at participating sites.
|United States, Colorado|
|Univ of Colorado Health Sciences Ctr|
|Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262|
|United States, Florida|
|Univ of Miami School of Medicine|
|Miami, Florida, United States, 331361013|
|United States, Illinois|
|Northwestern Univ Med School|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611|
|Rush Presbyterian - Saint Luke's Med Ctr|
|Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612|
|United States, North Carolina|
|Univ of North Carolina|
|Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 275997215|
|Study Chair:||Cara Wilson|