Genetics of Hypertension and Its Intermediate Phenotypes
To define the underlying genetics of hypertension in an Asian population by studying intermediate phenotypes.
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Case Control|
|Study Start Date:||June 2000|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||April 2004|
Hypertension, an exceedingly common trait in most developed countries, imparts an increased risk of cardiovascular, cerebrovascular and renal diseases. Nevertheless, the primary determinants of elevated blood pressure in most patients are unknown. Recognizing that a sizable portion of variation in blood pressure is genetically determined, one line of research has focused on identifying genetic variants that contribute to the pathogenesis of hypertension. However, standard genetic linkage analysis using "hypertension" as a phenotype may lack power due to the multifactorial nature of the disorder. A way to overcome this challenge is to subdivide hypertensive subjects into more homogenous subgroups.
The overall goal, which is to define the underlying genetics of hypertension in an Asian population by studying intermediate phenotypes, can be divided into three parts. First, the rural Chinese population will be characterized by the collection of intermediate phenotype data on 600 unrelated individuals with high diastolic blood pressure and on 100 normotensive controls. Intermediate phenotypes include: 1) non-modulation of adrenal and renal vascular responses to angiotensin II with changes in sodium intake; 2) altered urinary kallikrein excretion; 3) low plasma renin activity response to volume depletion; 4) increased free cortisol excretion; and 5) insulin resistance. Second, candidate genes will be chosen according to the underlying physiology of the intermediate phenotypes, and variations in the coding sequences of these potentially relevant genes will be identified. Finally, polymorphisms identified in the candidate genes will be tested through case-control analyses defined by the intermediate phenotypes.
|Investigator:||Xiping Xu||Harvard University School of Public Health|