The Effects of Combination Anti-HIV Medication on Human Papillomavirus (HPV) in HIV-Infected Women
The purpose of this study is to see how often human papillomavirus (HPV) occurs in HIV-infected women who have not taken anti-HIV drugs and to learn whether taking anti-HIV drugs will affect HPV in women.
HIV infection increases the risk of getting HPV infection. Findings suggest that HIV infection as well as a weakened immune system may increase the chances of getting HPV. Aggressive anti-HIV medication has been shown to strengthen the immune system. Researchers want to learn whether anti-HIV drugs affect the HPV virus or decrease the chances of getting HPV. This study is important because it may provide important information to help manage a woman's health and to determine a woman's risk for developing problems with the cervix (outer end of the uterus).
|Official Title:||Assessment of Prevalence and Persistence of Human Papillomavirus (HPV) DNA in HIV-Infected Women Who Are Antiretroviral Naive and Have Initiated HAART|
|Study Start Date:||November 2000|
|Study Completion Date:||August 2005|
HIV infection is a significant risk factor for human HPV infection and the development of HPV-associated lesions in the female genital tract. Findings suggest that HIV infection and/or HIV-related immunosuppression increases a woman's susceptibility to HPV infection or alters the natural history of preexisting HPV infection. Treatment with HAART has been shown to result in significant increases in CD4+ cell counts and "partial reconstitution" of the immune system. It is not known whether treatment of HIV infection with potent antiretroviral regimens could affect the persistence of HPV infection and progression of cervical dysplasia. This study is important for HIV-infected women because of the implications for gynecologic management and determination of cervical disease risk.
At baseline, Weeks 24 and 48, and then every 48 weeks until study completion, women undergo pelvic examination and cervical specimens collection by the following methods: 1) Sno-strip; 2) cervicovaginal lavage; 3) cervical brush method; and 4) Pap smear. A colposcopy is required for any woman who has an abnormal Pap smear reading unless the abnormal Pap smear is thought to be due to an intercurrent infection. A cervical biopsy is strongly recommended in the event of an abnormal colposcopy. Blood is collected for HPV antibody testing, viral load, and CD4 measures.
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00006444
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|Study Chair:||Kathleen Squires|
|Study Chair:||Rebecca Clark|
|Study Chair:||Kenneth H Fife|