Stem Cell (Modified Bone Marrow) Transplantation in HIV-Infected Patients With Blood Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005785
First received: June 3, 2000
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: November 2001
  Purpose

This study will investigate the safety and effectiveness of a new stem cell transplant procedure to treat acute or chronic leukemia, multiple myeloma, myelodysplastic syndrome, Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma in HIV-infected patients.

HIV-infected patients usually are not offered bone marrow transplant treatments because they are at increased risk of dying from the intense chemotherapy and radiation therapy used for the procedure. This study uses a modified procedure, transplanting stem cells instead of bone marrow, designed to be less dangerous for such patients. Patients will also undergo a procedure called gene transfer to try to halt progression of their HIV infection. The procedure in this study differs from standard bone marrow transplantation in three ways:

Stem cells will be transplanted instead of bone marrow. (Stem cells, which are produced by the bone marrow, mature into the different blood components-white and red cells and platelets.) The stem cell donor will be given a drug that releases these cells from their bone marrow into the blood stream. The cells will then be collected from the donor by apheresis, a procedure in which whole blood is drawn, the stem cells separated and removed, and the rest of the blood returned to the donor.);

The procedure will use lower doses of chemotherapy than the conventional method, and will not use radiation therapy; or

A laboratory-manufactured gene designed to obstruct HIV reproduction will be inserted into the stem cells, rendering future cells that develop from resistance to the virus.

Prospective patients will be tested for matching with an HIV-negative donor (family member) and will undergo a medical history, physical examination and several tests (e.g., breathing tests, X-rays, etc.) to determine eligibility for the study. Study participants will then undergo apheresis to collect white blood cells called lymphocytes. Stem cells will be collected from the donor. Half the donated cells will have the HIV-resistant gene inserted; the other half will have a "control" gene inserted. Additional stem cells collected a second day will not be manipulated. All the donor cells will be frozen until transplantation.

Patients will be given drugs (cyclophosphamide, fludarabine and cyclosporin) to prevent the donated cells from being rejected and to prevent them from damaging the patient's organs. The thawed stem cells will then be infused through a vein. After 30, 60 and 100 days, bone marrow cells and circulating lymphocytes will be checked to see how many are of donor cell origin. If less than 100 percent are of donor origin, more lymphocytes will be transfused. Patients will have physical examinations and blood tests once or twice a week for 2 to 3 months with and then will be followed periodically for at least 5 years.


Condition Intervention Phase
Hematologic Neoplasm
HIV Infection
Drug: GCSF Mobilized Allogeneic PBSC Cultured w/Cytokines; Transduced w/RV
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Low Intensity Non-Myeloablative Preparative Conditioning Followed by Transplantation of Genetically Modified HLA-Matched Peripheral Blood Hematopoietic Precursor Cells (PBPC) for Hematologic Malignancies in HIV Positive Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 30
Study Start Date: September 1999
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 2001
Detailed Description:

Adult patients with myelodysplasia, leukemia, and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma can be cured by allogeneic bone marrow transplantation (BMT). This curative effect has until now been ascribed to the intense chemoradiotherapy used to condition the recipient for transplantation. The assumption that the curative effect of allogeneic transplantation rests in the ability to deliver very high doses of chemoradiotherapy has led to the restriction of allogeneic transplantation to those recipient patients whose overall status would permit the use of such intense conditioning. As a result, HIV positivity has generally appeared as an exclusion criteria to allogeneic transplantation for hematologic malignancies. Additionally, early studies of allogeneic BMT in HIV patients suggested no benefit in controlling the progression to AIDS.

Several in vitro studies have demonstrated the existence of donor derived CD4 and CD8 positive lymphocytes with specific reactivity to recipient leukemia providing a potent graft versus leukemia (GVL) effect, and this GVL effect is area of intense interest both at the NIH and elsewhere. In fact, early attempts to decrease treatment related mortality in chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML) patients undergoing allogeneic BMT by T-cell depletion of the graft resulted in an unacceptably high rate of relapse suggesting that alloreactivity in the donor graft accounted for a significant portion of the cure rate in this disease. This GVL effect is most dramatically demonstrated among relapsed allogeneic bone marrow transplant recipients transplanted for CML in whom a simple infusion of donor lymphocytes can induce a complete and durable remission.

Non-myeloablative allogeneic peripheral blood stem cell transplants are currently being investigated for engraftment efficacy and toxicity in a number of transplant centers. Preliminary data including our own experience with 13 patients undergoing this type of procedure have shown a high rate of complete donor engraftment, low toxicity, and preservation of the GVL effect. Two recent published studies investigating non-myeloablative allo-transplantation in standard risk patients revealed an extremely low rate of transplant related complications and mortality.

The decreased risk of transplant related complications associated with non-myeloablative transplants expands the eligibility of transplant candidates and may allow successful application in patients infected with HIV. In this study, we will assess the safety and efficacy of nonmyeloablative transplantation in patients with HIV infection. Moreover, the introduction of an HIV resistance vector into a portion of the allogeneic graft provides a unique opportunity to test the in vivo efficacy of introducing resistance to HIV through the self renewing stem cell.

The end points of this study are engraftment, degree of donor-host chimerism, incidence of acute and chronic GVHD, transplant related morbidity and mortality, disease free survival, as well as overall survival, and overall level and persistence of progeny of gene modified cells.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

PATIENTS:

Patients with hematologic malignancies curable by allogeneic BMT not currently considered for transplant because of HIV positivity.

Chronic myelogenous leukemia (CML): chronic phase.

Acute lymphoblastic leukemia (ALL), all patients in complete or partial remission.

Acute myelogenous leukemia (AML): AML in first complete or partial remission. (Exceptions: AML with good risk karyotypes: AML M3t, AML M4Eo, AML t. All AML in second or subsequent complete remission.)

Myelodysplastic syndromes: refractory anemia (failing ATG and/or CSA) to early transformation to acute leukemia. Chronic myelomonocytic leukemia and myeloproliferative disease.

Chronic lymphocytic leukemia (CLL) and prolymphocytic leukemia, in complete or partial remission, Mantle cell lymphoma, relapsed Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma.

Multiple myeloma in remission following chemotherapy.

No major organ dysfunction precluding transplantation.

DLCO greater than 40 percent predicted.

Left ventricular ejection fraction greater than 30 percent.

ECOG performance status of 0 to 2.

DONOR:

HLA identical sibling donor.

Fit to receive G-CSF and give peripheral blood stem cells (normal blood count, normotensive, no history of stroke, no history of severe heart disease).

Informed consent given.

DONOR AND PATIENT:

Must not be pregnant or lactating.

Must be between 18 and 80 years of age.

Must not have ECOG performance status of 3 or more. Must not have psychiatric disorder or mental deficiency of the patient or the donor sufficiently severe as to make compliance with the BMT treatment unlikely, and making informed consent impossible.

Must not have a major anticipated illness or organ failure incompatible with survival from BMT as determined by your NIH physician (including encephalopathy, cardiomyopathy, and hepatitis.)

Must not have DLCO less than 40 percent predicted.

Must not have glomerular filtration rate less than 40.

Must not have serum bilirubin greater than 4 mg/dl, transaminases greater than 4x upper limit of normal.

Donor must be HIV negative. Donors who are positive for HBV, HCV or HTLV will be used at the discretion of the investigator.

Must not have other malignant diseases liable to relapse or progress within 5 years.

Donor must be fit to receive G-CSF and undergo apheresis. (Uncontrolled hypertension, history of congestive heart failure or unstable angina, thrombocytopenia).

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00005785

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institute of Diabetes and Digestive and Kidney Diseases (NIDDK)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00005785     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 990167, 99-DK-0167
Study First Received: June 3, 2000
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
Peripheral Blood Stem Cells
Engraftment
Graft vs. Host Disease
Graft-Versus-Leukemia
Donor Apheresis
Cyclophosphamide
Fludarabine
HIV
AIDS
Gene Therapy
Chronic Myelogenous Leukemia
Acute Lymphoblastic Leukemia
Acute Myelogenous Leukemia
Chronic Lymphocytic Leukemia

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Hematologic Neoplasms
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Hematologic Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 16, 2014