White Coat Hypertension and Antihypertensive Treatment Effect - SCOR in Hypertension

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00005316
First received: May 25, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: August 2001
  Purpose

To investigate the mechanisms of white coat hypertension and study it further as a risk factor for heart damage.


Condition
Cardiovascular Diseases
Heart Diseases
Hypertension

Study Type: Observational

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute (NHLBI):

Study Start Date: December 1985
Estimated Study Completion Date: November 1995
Detailed Description:

BACKGROUND:

The multidisciplinary SCOR examined causes, consequences, and treatments of human hypertension. A central theme was the renal basis for human hypertension. The subproject on white coat hypertension began in December of 1985.

DESIGN NARRATIVE:

In the longitudinal study, eighty patients with white coat hypertension were compared with 40 age- and sex-matched normotensives, and with 80 patients with sustained hypertension. The protocol consisted of (a) clinic blood pressure measurements made both by a physician and a nurse, (b) self-monitoring at home, (c) noninvasive ambulatory monitoring, (d) reactivity testing (cold pressor test, mental arithmetic, and isometric exercise) and (e) Korotkoff signal recording. Patients were also tested for early markers of disease (echocardiography and urine albumin).

The 80 patients in each of the two hypertensive groups were randomized to one of four treatment protocols (20 patients each); an alpha blocker, a beta blocker, a combined alpha- and beta-blocker, or an ACE inhibitor. The doses of medication were adjusted to produce similar reductions of clinic blood pressure in the different groups. The test battery (a-e) was reported during treatment.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

No eligibility criteria

  Contacts and Locations
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