Fluorouracil and Leucovorin With or Without Irinotecan in Treating Patients With Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004885
First received: March 7, 2000
Last updated: September 20, 2012
Last verified: September 2012
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Drugs used in chemotherapy use different ways to stop tumor cells from dividing so they stop growing or die. It is not yet known whether fluorouracil and leucovorin plus irinotecan is more effective than fluorouracil and leucovorin alone for colorectal cancer.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of fluorouracil and leucovorin with or without irinotecan in treating patients who have metastatic colorectal cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: FOLFIRI regimen
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: irinotecan hydrochloride
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: CPT-11 in Combination With Weekly 24 Hour Infusion 5-FU Plus Folinic Acid Relative to Weekly 24 Hour Infusion 5-FU Plus Folinic Acid Alone in Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:

Enrollment: 430
Study Start Date: July 1999
Primary Completion Date: July 2001 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the efficacy and toxicity of high-dose fluorouracil and leucovorin calcium with or without irinotecan in patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum. II. Compare progression-free survival, overall survival, response rate, and duration of response in patients treated with these 2 regimens. III. Compare quality of life of patients treated with these 2 regimens.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients are randomized to one of two treatment arms. Arm I: Patients receive leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours followed by fluorouracil IV over 24 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, and 36. Arm II: Patients receive irinotecan IV over 30 minutes followed by leucovorin calcium IV over 2 hours and fluorouracil IV over 24 hours on days 1, 8, 15, 22, 29, and 36. Treatment in both arms repeats every 7 weeks in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Patients in arm I who develop disease progression begin second-line therapy comprising irinotecan, fluorouracil, and leucovorin calcium within 2 months of progression. Patients with complete response are taken off study after receiving treatment for one year. Quality of life is assessed before beginning study, after completion of each course, at 4 weeks after completion of study, and then every 2 months until disease progression or death. Patients are followed every 2 months until disease progression or death.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 430 patients (215 per arm) will be accrued for this study within 2 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically proven metastatic adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum Measurable or evaluable disease outside of any prior radiation port No CNS metastases

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: 18 and over Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: Not specified Hematopoietic: WBC at least 3,000/mm3 Platelet count at least 100,000/mm3 Hepatic: Bilirubin no greater than 1.25 times upper limit of normal (ULN) (1.5 times ULN if liver metastasis present) AST and ALT no greater than 3 times ULN (5 times ULN if liver metastasis present) Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.25 times ULN Cardiovascular: No severe cardiac disease No uncontrolled angina pectoris No myocardial infarction within the past 6 months Gastrointestinal: No unresolved bowel obstruction or subobstruction No uncontrolled Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis No history of chronic diarrhea Other: No second malignancy except carcinoma in situ of the cervix or nonmelanomatous skin cancer No other uncontrolled severe medical condition Not pregnant or nursing Fertile patients must use effective contraception

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: Biologic therapy: Not specified Chemotherapy: No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease No prior adjuvant chemotherapy containing topoisomerase I inhibitors At least 6 months since other prior adjuvant chemotherapy Endocrine therapy: Concurrent corticosteroids allowed Radiotherapy: See Disease Characteristics Surgery: Not specified Other: At least 4 weeks since other prior investigational drugs No other concurrent anticancer therapy

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004885

  Show 57 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Investigators
Study Chair: Claus-Henning Koehne, MD Klinik und Poliklinik fuer Innere Medizin - Universitaet Rostock
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Kohne CH, Van Custem E, Wils JA, et al.: Irinotecan improves the activity of the AIO regimen in metastatic colorectal cancer: results of EORTC GI Group study 40986. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 22: A-1018, 2003.
Kohne C, van Cutsem E, Wils J, et al.: Weekly high dose infusional 5-FU plus folinic acid (FA) with or without irinotecan (IRI) in metastatic colorectal cancer (MCRC): interim safety results of EORTC study 40986. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 21: A-532, 2002.

Responsible Party: European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004885     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: EORTC-40986, EORTC-40986
Study First Received: March 7, 2000
Last Updated: September 20, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC:
stage IV colon cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Fluorouracil
Irinotecan
Camptothecin
Leucovorin
Levoleucovorin
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Antidotes

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 28, 2014