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Safety and Effectiveness of Lamivudine When Given Once a Day Versus Twice a Day in Combination With Other Anti-HIV Drugs in HIV-Infected Adults Who Have Never Received Anti-HIV Drugs

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004852
First received: March 2, 2000
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: August 2000
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to look at the safety and effectiveness of receiving lamivudine (3TC) once a day versus twice a day as part of an anti-HIV drug combination.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Efavirenz
Drug: Lamivudine
Drug: Zidovudine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II/III 48-Week, Randomized, Double-Blind, Controlled, Multicenter Study to Evaluate the Efficacy and Safety of Lamivudine 300mg Once Daily Vs. Lamivudine 150mg BID in Combination With Zidovudine 300mg BID and Efavirenz 600mg Once Daily in Antiretroviral-Naive Adults With HIV-1 Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

Study Start Date: September 1999
Detailed Description:

Patients are randomized to receive the same total dosage of 3TC either twice a day (Group 1) or once a day (Group 2) in combination with ZDV and EFV over 48 weeks. Viral load measurements will be performed at Weeks 4, 8, 12, 16, 20, 24, and every 8 weeks thereafter.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients may be eligible for this study if they:

  • Are 18 years of age or older.
  • Are HIV-positive.
  • Have a viral load (level of HIV in the blood) of at least 400 copies/ml within 21 days of study entry.
  • Have a CD4 count greater than 100 cells/mm3 within 21 days of study entry.
  • Agree to practice abstinence or use effective barrier methods of birth control (or, if patient is a woman, unable to have children).

Exclusion Criteria

Patients will not be eligible for this study if they:

  • Have taken any antiretroviral (anti-HIV) agent.
  • Are pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Are unable to absorb food or have trouble taking medicines by mouth.
  • Abuse alcohol or drugs to an extent that may make study participation difficult.
  • Are not likely to be able to complete the 48 weeks of study treatment.
  • Have a history of pancreatitis (inflamed pancreas) or hepatitis within the last 6 months or any evidence of liver disease.
  • Have received an investigational vaccine within the past 3 months or have received gene therapy.
  • Have a severe medical condition such as diabetes or heart trouble.
  • Have been diagnosed with AIDS.
  • Have had radiation therapy or chemotherapy within 30 days of study entry, except for treatment of Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • Are taking medications that affect the immune system within 30 days of study entry.
  • Are taking medications that may interact with the study drugs.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004852

  Show 66 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Glaxo Wellcome
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004852     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 225D, EPV2000 1
Study First Received: March 2, 2000
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
HIV-1
Drug Therapy, Combination
Zidovudine
Drug Administration Schedule
Lamivudine
Genotype
Phenotype
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load
efavirenz

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Infection
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Efavirenz
Lamivudine
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Zidovudine
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 20, 2014