Combination Chemotherapy, Interleukin-2, and Peripheral Stem Cell Transplant in Treating Patients With Acute Myeloid Leukemia

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified April 2008 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004128
First received: December 10, 1999
Last updated: December 22, 2009
Last verified: April 2008
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Giving combination chemotherapy before a peripheral blood stem cell transplant stops the growth of cancer cells by stopping them from dividing or killing them. After treatment, stem cells are collected from the patient's blood or bone marrow and stored. More chemotherapy or radiation therapy is given prepare the bone marrow for the stem cell transplant. The stem cells are then returned to the patient to replace the blood-forming cells that were destroyed by the chemotherapy and radiation therapy. Interleukin-2 may stimulate the patient's white blood cells to kill cancer cells.

PURPOSE: This randomized phase III trial is studying two different regimens of combination chemotherapy, interleukin-2, and peripheral stem cell transplant and comparing them to see how well they work in treating patients with acute myeloid leukemia.


Condition Intervention Phase
Leukemia
Biological: aldesleukin
Biological: filgrastim
Drug: busulfan
Drug: cyclophosphamide
Drug: cytarabine
Drug: daunorubicin hydrochloride
Drug: etoposide
Procedure: autologous bone marrow transplantation
Procedure: peripheral blood stem cell transplantation
Radiation: radiation therapy
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Value of High Dose Versus Standard Dose ARA-C During Induction and of IL-2 After Intensive Consolidation/Autologous Stem Cell Transplantation in Patients (Age 15-60 Years) With Acute Myelogenous Leukemia. A Randomized Phase II Trial of the EORTC and the GIMEMA-ALWP

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of overall survival and disease-free survival after first randomization [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Duration of overall survival and disease-free survival after second randomization [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Response after induction and consolidation [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Toxicity measured by Cancer and Leukemia Group B (CALGB) CTCAE v3.0 after induction and consolidation [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • Disease-free survival after complete remission (CR) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Disease-free interval from CR [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Time to death in CR [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Peripheral stem cell harvest after consolidation [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Rate of completion of autologous peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (auto-PBSCT) and allogeneic stem cell transplantation (allo-SCT) [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 2000
Study Start Date: September 1999
Estimated Primary Completion Date: January 2008 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

  • Compare the overall survival rate in patients with acute myeloid leukemia treated with high-dose versus standard-dose cytarabine during induction.
  • Compare the disease-free survival rate in patients treated with or without interleukin-2 following consolidation and autologous peripheral blood stem cell or bone marrow transplantation.
  • Compare the feasibility of these regimens in these patients.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized, multicenter study. Patients in the first randomization are stratified according to center, WBC (no greater than 25,000/mm^3 vs 25,000-99,000/mm^3 vs at least 100,000/mm^3), age (15 to 45 vs 46 to 60), and performance status (0-1 vs 2 vs 3). Patients in the second randomization are stratified according to center, first treatment arm (I vs II), number of induction courses to reach complete remission (CR), cytogenic/molecular genetic group at diagnosis (low vs high vs intermediate vs unknown), and autologous peripheral blood stem cell (PBSC) transplantation planned after consolidation (yes vs no).

First randomization

  • Induction: Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms:

    • Arm I: Patients receive standard-dose cytarabine IV over 24 hours on days 1-10, etoposide IV over 1 hour on days 1-5, and daunorubicin IV over 5 minutes on days 1, 3, and 5.
    • Arm II: Patients receive etoposide and daunorubicin as in arm I and high-dose cytarabine IV over 3 hours every 12 hours on days 1, 3, 5, and 7.
  • Consolidation: When CR is reached, patients receive intermediate-dose cytarabine IV over 2 hours every 12 hours on days 1-6 and daunorubicin IV over 5 minutes prior to cytarabine on days 4, 5, and 6.
  • Harvest: Patients who achieve CR and are ineligible for allogeneic PBSC transplantation receive filgrastim (G-CSF) subcutaneously (SQ) every 12 hours beginning 20 days after starting consolidation treatment and continuing until autologous PBSC are harvested. Autologous bone marrow is collected from patients with insufficient PBSC. Allogeneic PBSC are harvested for patients who have an HLA identical donor. Allogeneic bone marrow is harvested for high risk patients (under age 40) who have an unrelated bone marrow donor.
  • Transplant preparative chemotherapy: It is recommended that patients receive cyclophosphamide on 2 consecutive days and total body irradiation on 3 days OR busulfan on days -8, -7, -6, and -5 followed by cyclophosphamide on days -4 and -3.
  • Transplantation: PBSC or bone marrow is infused on day 0.

Second randomization

  • Patients who achieve CR with full hematologic recovery but have no HLA identical donor are randomized to 1 of 2 treatment arms no earlier than day 22 after stem cell infusion.

    • Arm I: Patients receive interleukin-2 SQ once daily for 5 days. Treatment repeats every 4 weeks for 1 year in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.
    • Arm II: Patients receive no further treatment. Patients are followed at 1, 4, and 13 months, then every 4 months for 3 years, and then every 6 months thereafter.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 2,000 patients (1,000 per treatment arm) will be accrued for the first randomization and a total of 577 patients (288 per treatment arm) will be accrued for the second randomization of this study.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   15 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • First randomization:

    • Untreated newly diagnosed acute myeloid leukemia (AML)
    • At least 30% blasts in bone marrow
    • All cytological types of AML except acute promyelocytic leukemia (M3)
    • No blast crisis of chronic myelogenous leukemia
    • No leukemias supervening after other myeloproliferative disease
    • No leukemias supervening after overt myelodysplastic disorders (e.g., refractory anemia with excess blasts) for more than 6 months duration
  • Second randomization:

    • Must have achieved complete remission with full hematologic recovery following consolidation treatment
    • No HLA identical family donor
    • Not eligible for allograft
    • No high risk patient (under age 40) for whom an unrelated bone marrow donor has been found within 8 weeks of beginning consolidation treatment

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

Age:

  • 15 to 60

Performance status:

  • WHO 0-3 (first randomization)
  • WHO 0-2 (second randomization)

Life expectancy:

  • Not specified

Hematopoietic:

  • Not specified

Hepatic:

  • Bilirubin no greater than 3 times upper limit of normal (ULN)

Renal:

  • Creatinine no greater than 3 times ULN

Cardiovascular:

  • No severe heart failure requiring diuretics
  • Ejection fraction at least 50%

Other:

  • First randomization:

    • No other progressive malignant disease except the following:

      • Secondary acute leukemias following curatively treated Hodgkin's disease (even if treated with anthracyclines)
      • Other curatively treated malignancies
      • Secondary leukemias following other exposure to alkylating agents or radiotherapy for other reason
    • No uncontrolled infection
    • No severe concurrent neurologic or psychiatric disease
    • No psychological, familial, sociological, or geographical condition that could preclude compliance
  • Second randomization:

    • No nonmalignant systemic illness that would increase risk of participation in study
    • No uncontrolled infection
    • No other progressive malignant disease

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

Biologic therapy:

  • Not specified

Chemotherapy:

  • No prior chemotherapy for AML except hydroxyurea
  • Less than 7 days of prior hydroxyurea

Endocrine therapy:

  • No more than 7 days of prior corticosteroid therapy for AML

Radiotherapy:

  • No prior radiotherapy for AML

Surgery:

  • Not specified
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004128

Sponsors and Collaborators
European Organisation for Research and Treatment of Cancer - EORTC
Gruppo Italiano Malattie EMatologiche dell'Adulto
Investigators
Investigator: Roel Willemze, MD, PhD Leiden University Medical Center
Study Chair: Giovanna Meloni, MD University La Sapienza
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Aslanyan MG, Langemeijer SMC, Cilloni D, et al.: Incidence and clinical impact of TET2 mutations in acute myeloid leukemia patients treated within the EORTC/GIMEMA AML-12/06991 AML trial. [Abstract] Blood 114 (22): A-2609, 2009.
Willemze R, Suciu S, Mandelli F, et al.: Value of low dose IL-2 as maintenance following consolidation treatment or autologous transplantation in acute myelogenous leukemia (AML) patients aged 15-60 years who reached CR after high dose (HD-AraC) vs standard dose (SD-AraC) cytosine arabinoside during induction: results of the AML-12 trial of EORTC and GIMEMA Leukemia Groups. [Abstract] Blood 114 (22): A-791, 2009.
Maurillo L, Buccisano F, Spagnoli A, et al.: In acute myeloid leukemia, the use in induction of standard dose arac is associated with a better quality of response as compared to an induction regimen containing high dose arac. [Abstract] Blood 114 (22): A-1584, 2009.

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004128     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000067356, EORTC-06991, GIMEMA-EORTC-06991
Study First Received: December 10, 1999
Last Updated: December 22, 2009
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
untreated adult acute myeloid leukemia
adult acute erythroid leukemia (M6)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia without maturation (M1)
adult acute myeloblastic leukemia with maturation (M2)
adult acute myelomonocytic leukemia (M4)
adult acute monoblastic leukemia (M5a)
adult acute megakaryoblastic leukemia (M7)
adult acute monocytic leukemia (M5b)
adult acute minimally differentiated myeloid leukemia (M0)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with 11q23 (MLL) abnormalities
adult acute myeloid leukemia with inv(16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(16;16)(p13;q22)
adult acute myeloid leukemia with t(8;21)(q22;q22)

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Leukemia
Leukemia, Myeloid, Acute
Leukemia, Myeloid
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Busulfan
Cyclophosphamide
Cytarabine
Aldesleukin
Daunorubicin
Etoposide
Lenograstim
Alkylating Agents
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Antineoplastic Agents, Alkylating
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Myeloablative Agonists
Antirheumatic Agents
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Topoisomerase II Inhibitors
Topoisomerase Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 21, 2014