Vaccine Therapy in Treating Patients With Metastatic Prostate Cancer

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00004029
First received: December 10, 1999
Last updated: February 8, 2013
Last verified: June 2006
  Purpose

Phase I trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy in treating patients with metastatic prostate cancer. Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells.


Condition Intervention Phase
Prostate Cancer
Biological: recombinant viral vaccine therapy
Biological: sargramostim
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A PHASE I TRIAL OF RECOMBINANT VACCINIA VIRUS THAT EXPRESSES PSA IN PATIENTS WITH ADENOCARCINOMA OF THE PROSTATE

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Enrollment: 46
Study Start Date: December 1996
Primary Completion Date: May 2006 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm I
atients in cohorts of 3-6 receive 3 vaccinations with rV-PSA at 4-week intervals (days 1, 29, 57, and 85) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Response assessment is performed at eight weeks. Patients who discontinue therapy prior to eight weeks are considered unevaluable for response. If dose limiting toxicity is observed in 2 of 6 patients entered at a dose level, no further patients are entered at that level and the MTD is defined as the preceding dose level. Ten additional patients are treated at the MTD and receive granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) administered subcutaneously on day -1 through day 2 of each cycle. Patients who are HLA-A2 positive, have received all 3 rV-PSA vaccinations without unacceptable toxicity, and have been off study for at least 30 days due to disease progression may continue treatment with rV-PSA at the highest dose level and the addition of GM-CSF.
Biological: recombinant viral vaccine therapy Biological: sargramostim

Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES:

I. Assess the toxicity associated with repeated vaccination with recombinant vaccinia virus expressing prostate-specific antigen (rV-PSA) in patients with metastatic adenocarcinoma of the prostate.

II. Determine the optimal dose of rV-PSA given at monthly intervals based on cellular and hormonal immunity.

III. Determine whether vaccination with rV-PSA is associated with anti-tumor activity.

IV. Determine whether granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) has an effect on cellular and humoral immunity different from rV-PSA, and whether the addition of GM-CSF has enhanced antitumor effect compared to rV-PSA alone.

OUTLINE: This is an open label, dose escalation study.

Patients in cohorts of 3-6 receive 3 vaccinations with rV-PSA at 4-week intervals (days 1, 29, 57, and 85) in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. Response assessment is performed at eight weeks. Patients who discontinue therapy prior to eight weeks are considered unevaluable for response. If dose limiting toxicity is observed in 2 of 6 patients entered at a dose level, no further patients are entered at that level and the MTD is defined as the preceding dose level. Ten additional patients are treated at the MTD and receive granulocyte-macrophage colony-stimulating factor (GM-CSF) administered subcutaneously on day -1 through day 2 of each cycle. Patients who are HLA-A2 positive, have received all 3 rV-PSA vaccinations without unacceptable toxicity, and have been off study for at least 30 days due to disease progression may continue treatment with rV-PSA at the highest dose level and the addition of GM-CSF.

Patients are followed monthly for 6 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Male
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Histologically proven adenocarcinoma of the prostate with evidence of metastatic disease based on any of the following:

    • Lymph node positive and PSA at least 10 ng/mL
    • Bone scan positive and PSA at least 10 ng/mL
    • PSA at least 2 ng/mL and rising following radical prostatectomy
    • PSA at least 10 ng/mL following radiotherapy
  • No symptomatic metastatic disease (bony pain)

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS:

  • Age: 18 and over
  • Performance status: ECOG 0 or 1
  • WBC greater than 2,000/mm3
  • Platelet count greater than 100,000/mm3
  • Bilirubin less than 2.0 mg/dL
  • AST less than 4 times normal
  • Creatinine less than 2.0 mg/dL
  • Must be type HLA-A2 Prior vaccinia (smallpox) exposure required
  • At least normal delayed type hypersensitivity to mumps and Candida
  • At least normal CD4:CD8 ratio (greater than 1)
  • At least normal lymphocyte proliferation testing (to Con A)
  • At least normal immunoglobulin levels
  • No evidence of altered immune responsiveness or autoimmune syndromes (e.g., scleroderma, systemic lupus erythematosus)
  • No HIV antibody No prior splenectomy
  • No known allergy to eggs
  • No active extensive skin disorders (e.g, psoriasis, burns, impetigo, disseminated zoster)
  • No other serious intercurrent illness
  • No active infections unless cleared and at least 3 days since antibiotic therapy
  • No close contact for 2 weeks after each vaccination with the following people:

    • Children less than 3 years old
    • Pregnant women
    • Individuals with eczema or skin conditions listed above
    • Immunosuppressed individuals

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY:

  • No concurrent biologic therapy
  • No prior chemotherapy for metastatic disease
  • No prior hormone therapy for metastatic disease
  • Neoadjuvant hormone therapy prior to prostatectomy or radiotherapy allowed
  • No concurrent steroids or hormonal medications
  • Prior radiotherapy allowed
  • Prior surgery allowed
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00004029

Locations
United States, Massachusetts
Brigham and Women's Hospital
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02115
Massachusetts General Hospital Cancer Center
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02114
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Donald W. Kufe, MD Dana-Farber Cancer Institute
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Eder JP Jr, Kantoff PW, Bubley GJ, et al.: A phase I trial of recombinant prostate specific antigen expressing vaccinia virus vaccine, PROSTVAC (rV-PSA) in advanced prostate cancer. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 18: A1692, 439, 1999.
Eder JP Jr, Kantoff PW, Bubley GJ, et al.: A phase I trial of recombinant vaccinia virus, PROSTVAC that expresses prostate specific antigen (rV-PSA) as a vaccine in men with advanced prostate cancer. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 17: A1672, 434, 1998.

Responsible Party: National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00004029     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065275, DFCI-96079, NCI-T95-0086H
Study First Received: December 10, 1999
Last Updated: February 8, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
adenocarcinoma of the prostate
stage IV prostate cancer
recurrent prostate cancer

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Adenocarcinoma
Prostatic Neoplasms
Vaccinia
Carcinoma
Neoplasms, Glandular and Epithelial
Neoplasms by Histologic Type
Neoplasms
Genital Neoplasms, Male
Urogenital Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Genital Diseases, Male
Prostatic Diseases
Poxviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 14, 2014