Vaccine Therapy, Interleukin-2, and Sargramostim in Treating Patients With Advanced Tumors
RATIONALE: Vaccines may make the body build an immune response to kill tumor cells. Colony-stimulating factors such as sargramostim may increase the number of immune cells. Interleukin-2 may stimulate a person's white blood cells to kill cancer cells. Combining vaccine therapy, sargramostim, and interleukin-2 may kill more cancer cells.
PURPOSE: Randomized phase II trial to study the effectiveness of vaccine therapy, sargramostim, and interleukin-2 in treating patients who have advanced tumors.
Unspecified Adult Solid Tumor, Protocol Specific
Biological: ALVAC-CEA vaccine
Biological: vaccinia-CEA vaccine
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||A Pilot Study of Sequential Vaccinations With ALVAC-CEA and Vaccinia-CEA With the Addition of IL-2 and GM-CSF in Patients With CEA Expressing Tumors|
|Study Start Date:||January 1998|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2004|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2004 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
OBJECTIVES: I. Evaluate the safety of sequentially administered vaccinia-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) vaccine and ALVAC-CEA vaccine (CEA-Avipox vaccine) in two schedules and with the addition of sargramostim (GM-CSF) plus or minus interleukin-2 (IL-2) in patients with CEA expressing tumors. II. Compare the CEA-specific cellular immune response in cancer patients randomized to receive a single vaccination with vaccinia-CEA vaccine followed by three boosts with ALVAC-CEA vaccine (V-A-A-A) or the reverse vaccination sequence (A-A-A-V). III. Determine whether the addition of GM-CSF alone or with IL-2 enhances the immune response to sequentially administered vaccinia-CEA vaccine and ALVAC-CEA vaccine. IV. Compare the enzyme linked immunosorbent assay ELISPOT with lymphoproliferative and cytotoxicity assays for measuring CEA-specific T lymphocyte immune response.
OUTLINE: This is two-stage, partially randomized study. In stage one, patients are randomized to arm I or II. Arm I: Patients receive vaccinia-carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) vaccine intradermally on day 1 of course 1 and ALVAC-CEA vaccine (CEA-Avipox vaccine) intramuscularly (IM) on day 1 of courses 2-4. Each course lasts 28 days. Arm II: Patients receive ALVAC-CEA vaccine (CEA-Avipox vaccine) IM on day 1 of courses 1-3 and vaccinia-CEA vaccine intradermally on day 1 of course 4. Each course lasts 28 days. Patients in arms I and II continue 28-day courses through month 6 and then receive 3-month courses for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. In stage two, patients are enrolled successively into arms III and IV. Arm III: Patients receive vaccines according to whichever schedule (arm I or II) was found to be superior plus sargramostim (GM-CSF) subcutaneously (SC) on days 1-4 of each course. Each course lasts 28 days. Arm IV: Patients receive vaccines plus GM-CSF as in arm III and interleukin-2 SC once daily on days 7-11 of each course. Each course lasts 28 days. Patients on arms III and IV continue 28-day courses through month 6 and then receive 3-month courses for 2 years in the absence of disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. If 2 or more patients in either arm III or IV experience dose limiting toxicity, accrual into study stops. Otherwise, the best response among the 4 arms is determined and further HLA-A2 positive patients are enrolled into that arm so that a total of 6 HLA-A2 positive patients with advanced disease and 6 HLA-A2 positive patients with NED (without radiographic or clinical evidence of tumor) are treated. If more than one regimen is equally superior, the least toxic regimen is chosen for further accrual. Patients are followed at 28 days following the last vaccination.
PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A minimum of 24 patients (6 HLA-A2 positive and up to 3 HLA-A2 negative patients per arm) will be accrued for this study.
|United States, District of Columbia|
|Lombardi Cancer Center, Georgetown University|
|Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20007|
|United States, Maryland|
|National Naval Medical Center|
|Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20889-5000|
|Study Chair:||John L. Marshall, MD||Lombardi Cancer Research Center|