Palliative Chemotherapy in Treating Patients With Advanced Colorectal Cancer

The recruitment status of this study is unknown because the information has not been verified recently.
Verified May 2007 by National Cancer Institute (NCI).
Recruitment status was  Active, not recruiting
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002893
First received: November 1, 1999
Last updated: December 18, 2013
Last verified: May 2007
  Purpose

RATIONALE: Palliative chemotherapy may help patients with advanced colorectal cancer live longer and more comfortably.

PURPOSE: Randomized phase III trial to compare the effectiveness of and quality of life following three different palliative chemotherapy regimens in treating patients with advanced metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer.


Condition Intervention Phase
Colorectal Cancer
Drug: fluorouracil
Drug: leucovorin calcium
Drug: raltitrexed
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: CHEMOTHERAPY CHOICES IN ADVANCED COLORECTAL CANCER: A RANDOMISED TRIAL COMPARING 2 DURATIONS AND 3 SYSTEMIC CHEMOTHERAPY REGIMENS IN THE PALLIATIVE TREATMENT OF ADVANCED COLORECTAL CANCER

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):

Estimated Enrollment: 900
Study Start Date: June 1995
Detailed Description:

OBJECTIVES: I. Compare the survival and quality of life of patients with metastatic or recurrent colorectal cancer receiving palliative therapy with leucovorin/fluorouracil vs. continuous-infusion fluorouracil vs. ICI D1694. II. Compare the survival and quality of life of patients with stable or responding disease after 12 weeks of initial treatment randomized to receive 12 additional weeks of chemotherapy vs. no further treatment.

OUTLINE: This is a randomized study. Patients are stratified by participating institution. Patients are randomized to one of three treatment regimens. The first group receives leucovorin followed by fluorouracil every 14 days for a total of 6 courses. The second group receives continuous-infusion fluorouracil for 12 weeks. The third group receive ICI D1694 every 21 days for a total of 4 courses. Patients without progressive disease or excessive toxicity after 12 weeks of treatment are then randomized to receive continuing chemotherapy in 12 weekly cycles of their assigned chemotherapy or to proceed to observation with no further therapy, until evidence of disease progression. Patients are followed every 6 weeks.

PROJECTED ACCRUAL: A total of 900 patients will be entered.

  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

DISEASE CHARACTERISTICS: Histologically confirmed adenocarcinoma of the colon or rectum in one of the following categories: Locally advanced, metastatic, or recurrent disease suitable only for palliative chemotherapy Evaluable disease outside prior radiotherapy field Patients with disease confined to the liver are referred to protocol MRC-CR05

PATIENT CHARACTERISTICS: Age: Not specified Performance status: WHO 0-2 Life expectancy: Greater than 3 months Hematopoietic: WBC at least 4,000 ANC at least 2,000 Platelets at least 100,000 Hepatic: Not specified Renal: Creatinine no greater than 1.25 times normal OR Creatinine clearance greater than 65 mL/min Cardiovascular: No uncontrolled heart failure No uncontrolled angina Other: No uncontrolled medical illness (including infection) Able and willing to complete quality-of-life questionnaires No prior or concurrent malignancy likely to interfere with protocol treatment or evaluation

PRIOR CONCURRENT THERAPY: No prior systemic chemotherapy except fluorouracil-based adjuvant regimen (e.g., QUASAR) At least 6 months since chemotherapy

  Contacts and Locations
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Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00002893

Locations
United Kingdom
Velindre Hospital
Cardiff, Wales, United Kingdom, CF4 7XL
Sponsors and Collaborators
Medical Research Council
Investigators
Study Chair: Timothy Maughan, MD Velindre NHS Trust
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Maughan T: Continous versus intermittent chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer: preliminary results of the MRC CR06b randomised trial. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 85 (suppl 1): A-CT1, 1, 2001.
Maughan TS, James RD, Kerr DJ, et al.: Continous vs intermittant chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer: preliminary results of the MRC Cr06b randomised trial. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 20: A-498, 2001.
Maughan TS, James RJ, Kerr DJ, et al.: Continous versus intermittent chemotherapy for advanced colorectal cancer: preliminary results of the MRC CR06B randomised trial. [Abstract] Eur J Cancer 37 (suppl 6): A-1001, s271, 2001.
Maughan T, James R, Kerr D, et al.: Excess treatment related deaths and impaired quality of life show raltitrexed is inferior to infusional 5FU regimens in the palliative chemotherapy of advanced colorectal cancer (CRC): final analysis of the MRC CR06. [Abstract] Ann Oncol 11 (suppl 4): A-185o, 43, 2000.
Lederman JA, Maughan TS, James RD, et al.: Preliminary results of a multicentre randomised trial comparing 3 chemotherapy regimens (de Gramont, Lokich and Raltitrexed) in metastatic colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 80 (suppl 2): A-4.10, 20, 1999.
Maughan TS, James RD, Kerr D, et al.: Preliminary results of a multicentre randomised trial comparing three chemotherapy regimens in metastatic colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 18: A1007, 1999.
Maughan TS, Robbe IJ, Parsons C: Outcomes regarding patient needs in comparing infusional 5FU regimens versus raltitrexed in a MRC multicenter randomised trial of advanced colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 80 (suppl 2): A-P112, 56, 1999.
Maughan TS, Stephens RJ, Hopwood P, et al.: The value of quality of life outcomes in comparing 3 chemotherapy regimens (de Gramont. Lokich and Raltitrexed) in a multicentre randomised trial of metastatic colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 80 (suppl 2): A-P113, 57, 1999.
Maughan TS, Stephens RJ, Hopwood T, et al.: The value of quality of life in comparing 3 chemotherapy regimens (de Gramont, Lokich & Raltitrexed) in a multicentre randomised trial of metastatic colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 80 (suppl 2): A-P113, 57, 1999.
Stephens RJ, Hopwood P, Johnston C, et al.: The value of quality of life (QL) outcomes in comparing 3 chemotherapy regimens (de Gramont, Lokich, and Raltitrexed) in a multicentre randomised trial of metastatic colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Proceedings of the American Society of Clinical Oncology 18: A2220, 1999.
Hale JP, Cohen DR, Maughan TS, et al.: Comparative total societal costs of 3 alternative chemotherapy treatments for patients with advanced colorectal cancer. [Abstract] Br J Cancer 80 (suppl 2): A-P111, 56, 1999.

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002893     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CDR0000065216, MRC-CR06, EU-96049
Study First Received: November 1, 1999
Last Updated: December 18, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Cancer Institute (NCI):
stage III colon cancer
stage IV colon cancer
stage III rectal cancer
stage IV rectal cancer
recurrent colon cancer
recurrent rectal cancer
adenocarcinoma of the colon
adenocarcinoma of the rectum

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Colorectal Neoplasms
Intestinal Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Colonic Diseases
Intestinal Diseases
Rectal Diseases
Fluorouracil
Raltitrexed
Leucovorin
Levoleucovorin
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Immunosuppressive Agents
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances
Antidotes
Protective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 24, 2014