A Study of Itraconazole in the Prevention of Histoplasmosis, a Fungal Infection, in HIV-Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00002438
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: April 1996
  Purpose

To assess the safety and efficacy of itraconazole versus placebo for prevention of histoplasmosis in HIV-infected patients with CD4 counts < 150 cells/mm3 who reside where histoplasmosis is endemic. To assess the safety and efficacy of itraconazole for preventing other debilitating fungal infections, such as cryptococcosis, aspergillosis, recalcitrant oropharyngeal or vaginal candidiasis, and recurrent esophageal candidiasis.


Condition Intervention
HIV Infections
Histoplasmosis
Drug: Itraconazole

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Randomized Study Comparing Itraconazole to Placebo in the Prevention of Histoplasmosis in Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection.
  • Residence in an area endemic for H. capsulatum.
  • Absolute CD4 count < 150 cells/mm3.
  • No current or past active histoplasmosis.
  • No other active fungal infection.
  • Life expectancy of at least 1 year.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Life-threatening infection or malignancy other than cutaneous Kaposi's sarcoma.
  • Inability to take oral medication.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Systemically-active antifungals.
  • Investigational drugs (expanded access drugs are acceptable).
  • Rifampin.
  • Rifabutin.
  • Terfenadine.
  • Astemizole.
  • Phenobarbital.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Carbamazepine.
  • H2 blockers.
  • Omeprazole.
  • Continual antacids.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

History of intolerance to imidazole or azole compounds.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 1 month prior to study entry:

  • Investigational drugs (expanded access drugs are acceptable).

Excluded within 15 days prior to study entry:

  • Rifampin.
  • Rifabutin.
  • Terfenadine.
  • Astemizole.
  • Phenobarbital.
  • Phenytoin.
  • Carbamazepine.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00002438

Locations
United States, Indiana
Infectious Diseases of Indianapolis
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46280
Infectious Diseases Research Clinic / Indiana Univ Hosp
Indianapolis, Indiana, United States, 46202
United States, Missouri
Univ of Missouri at Kansas City School of Medicine
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64108
Infectious Diseases Association / Research Med Ctr
Kansas City, Missouri, United States, 64132
United States, Tennessee
ASCC
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38103
Dr Michael Threikeld
Memphis, Tennessee, United States, 38105
Dr Mark A Pierce
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
Sponsors and Collaborators
Janssen, LP
  More Information

No publications provided

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00002438     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 235B, MSG 28, ITR-USA-73
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by NIH AIDS Clinical Trials Information Service:
Itraconazole
Histoplasmosis
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Histoplasmosis
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Mycoses
Itraconazole
Hydroxyitraconazole
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 23, 2014