Use of Bromodeoxyuridine to Study White Blood Cell Replication and Survival in HIV-Infected Patients

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001650
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: May 14, 2011
Last verified: May 2011
  Purpose

This study will examine how quickly white blood cells called CD4 lymphocytes reproduce and how long they live in people infected with HIV. It will do this using bromodeoxyuridine (BrDU), a compound that is structurally similar to thymidine, one of the building blocks of DNA. BrDU gets incorporated into DNA instead of thymidine, but it can only get into cells that are replicating. Therefore, measuring the proportion of cells with BrDU indicates how many cells are replicating.

HIV-infected patients 18 years of age and older may be eligible for this study. Candidates will be screened with a medical history, physical examination, chest X-ray, electrocardiogram (EKG) and blood tests.

Participants will be given an infusion of BrDU through a catheter (thin plastic tube) placed in an arm vein. Blood will be drawn up to 4 times in the first 24 hours after the infusion.

Additional samples will then be collected as often as daily for the first week, twice a week for the next 3 weeks and then weekly to monthly for up to 1 year. Some patients may undergo a tissue biopsy (removal of a small tissue sample from a lymph node, tonsil or colon) or computed tomography (CT) scans of the thymus (a small gland between the lungs that manufactures lymphocytes. Some patients will have a second infusion in order to examine changes in the rate of CD4 replication over time or following potent antiretroviral therapy. Patients will be followed in the clinic periodically for the first year and then will be seen in the clinic or contacted by telephone once a year for 4 more years.

The results of this study may provide a better understanding of how HIV causes disease and how therapy affects the immune system.


Condition
HIV Infection
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome

Study Type: Observational
Official Title: Studies of Lymphocyte Kinetics Using Bromodeoxyuridine

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Enrollment: 56
Study Start Date: September 1997
Estimated Study Completion Date: May 2011
Detailed Description:

Understanding the rate of lymphocyte replication and destruction in HIV infected patients, as well as the effects of therapy on lymphocyte replication should lead to a better understanding of the mechanisms behind the immunodeficiency induced by HIV. To examine this directly, up to 85 HIV-infected patients will be enrolled in the study. Patients will receive up to two 30 minute infusions (at least one month apart) of bromodeoxyuridine (BrDU; 200 mg/m(2)), an analogue of thymidine. BrDU is incorporated into DNA and can be measured using an anti-BrDU monoclonal antibody. It can be measured in subpopulations of cells to determine the rate of replication of those cells. All participants in this study will be reimbursed for the inconvenience and discomfort associated with study participation.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria
  • INCLUSION CRITERIA:

    18 years or older.

Documented HIV infection (ELISA/Western blot positive or, for acute seroconverters, PCR positive).

Able to provide informed consent and willing to comply with study requirements and clinic policies.

Negative urine or serum pregnancy test (for women of childbearing potential). In addition, women of childbearing potential must agree to practice abstinence or use two methods of birth control / contraception for 4 weeks prior to and 2 weeks after each BrDU infusion. Similarly, all men must agree to practice abstinence or use a condom when engaging in intercourse during the same time period.

Hemoglobin greater than 9 mg/dl; platelets greater than 50,000/mm(3); neutrophils greater than 750 cells/mm(3).

AST/ALT less than 300 IU/ml.

Less than Grade 2 level toxicity for other laboratory parameters.

EXCLUSION CRITERIA:

Active substance abuse or prior history of substance abuse which may interfere with protocol compliance.

Psychiatric illness or disturbance which, in the assessment of the protocol team, may affect safety or compliance.

Significant underlying cardiac, pulmonary, renal, gastrointestinal, rheumatologic or CNS disease as detectable on routine history, physical exam, or screening laboratory studies.

Pregnancy or breast-feeding.

Ongoing therapy with topical or systemic 5-fluorouracil.

Willingness to allow stored samples to be used for future studies of HIV infections and immunological function, and willingness to have HLA typing performed.

Patients who are virologic responders and immunologic non-responders (10-15 patients):

Plasma HIV less than 500 copies/ml by bDNA or RT-PCR for 1 year while receiving HAART, which includes at a minimum 3 antiretroviral drugs, at least one of which is a protease inhibitor or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, and plasma HIV less than 50 copies /ml by the bDNA assay, performed at the NIH, within the 4 weeks prior to enrollment;

CD4 count less than 300 cells/mm(3) on 2 occasions at least one week apart, with no documented CD4 count greater than 350 cells/mm(3) during the prior 6 months;

No ongoing opportunistic infection or malignancy.

Patients who are virologic and immunologic responders (10-15 patients, matched if possible to study group for age (+/- 5 years) and duration of HAART therapy (+/- 6 months):

Plasma HIV less than 500 copies/ml by bDNA or RT-PCR for 1 year while receiving HAART, which includes at a minimum 3 antiretroviral drugs, at least one of which is a protease inhibitor or non-nucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor, and plasma HIV less than 50 copies/ml by the bDNA assay, performed at the NIH, within the 4 weeks prior to enrollment;

CD4 count greater than 350 cells/mm(3) on 2 occasions at least one week apart; CD4 count prior to the initiation of HAART therapy documented to be less than 300 cells/mm(3);

No ongoing opportunistic infection or malignancy.

For all patients: Willingness to have a CT scan of the thymus, to be performed under protocol 95-I-0027.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001650

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center, 9000 Rockville Pike
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001650     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 970189, 97-I-0189
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: May 14, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
BrDU
HIV
Labeling
CD4 Cells
Immunodeficiency

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Bromodeoxyuridine
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Antimetabolites, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Radiation-Sensitizing Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014