A Phase I /II Study of the Protease Inhibitor Indinavir (MK-0639) in Children With HIV Infection

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by:
National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001443
First received: November 3, 1999
Last updated: March 3, 2008
Last verified: March 2000
  Purpose

This is a phase I/II study to determine the safety and tolerance of the protease inhibitor indinavir (MK-0639), alone and then in combination with HIV reverse transcriptase inhibitor therapy in children with HIV infection. Indinavir sulfate (the capsule formulation) has been shown to have potent antiviral activity and an acceptable safety profile in adults. HIV-infected children who have not received prior antiretroviral therapy, and children who have become refractory to prior therapy, or who have experienced toxicity to prior therapy, will be included. In addition, we will explore viral and CD4 cell kinetics before starting therapy and following exposure to antiretroviral agents.

The study will be conducted in three parts.

  1. In order to help interpret the antiviral activity of indinavir, the virologic and immunologic profile of children will be studied within 2 weeks prior to starting the therapeutic part. For children who have never been treated, this will be before the initiation of any antiretroviral therapy and for children who have already received antiretroviral therapy, this will be done during the initial "wash-out" phase that is routinely interposed between two different treatment regimens.
  2. The initial 16 weeks of therapy will then evaluate the toxicities, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of single drug therapy with indinavir.
  3. Subsequently, all children who are able to tolerate the combination of zidovudine and lamivudine (i.e., have no prior history of intolerance to one of these two agents) will be treated with these two reverse transcriptase inhibitors in addition to the protease inhibitor indinavir. Zidovudine and lamivudine will be added after 16 weeks at a fixed dosage. Toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of indinavir will also be investigated after combination therapy. All patients who wish to remain in this study after 96 weeks of therapy and who do not meet off study criteria will be permitted to receive extended treatment with their current indinavir combination therapy for an additional 48 weeks.

The study will determine the pharmacokinetic profile of indinavir, given as single drug or in combination with zidovudine and lamivudine. It will assess the preliminary antiviral and clinical activity by monitoring clinical status, viral burden in plasma, and markers of immunologic status. Based on safety and preliminary efficacy results from studies performed in adults, we will study three dose levels which are expected to result in drug levels above the IC95 of HIV-1 for all or most of the dosing interval.


Condition Intervention Phase
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Drug: indinavir (MK-0639)
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I /II Study of the Protease Inhibitor Indinavir (MK-0639) in Children With HIV Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):

Estimated Enrollment: 63
Study Start Date: July 1995
Estimated Study Completion Date: October 2000
Detailed Description:

This is a phase I/II study to determine the safety and tolerance of the protease inhibitor indinavir (MK-0639), alone and then in combination with HIV reverse transcriptase inhibitor therapy in children with HIV infection. Indinavir sulfate (the capsule formulation) has been shown to have potent antiviral activity and an acceptable safety profile in adults. HIV-infected children who have not received prior antiretroviral therapy, and children who have become refractory to prior therapy, or who have experienced toxicity to prior therapy, will be included. In addition, we will explore viral and CD4 cell kinetics before starting therapy and following exposure to antiretroviral agents.

The study will be conducted in three parts.

  1. In order to help interpret the antiviral activity of indinavir, the virologic and immunologic profile of children will be studied within 2 weeks prior to starting the therapeutic part. For children who have never been treated, this will be before the initiation of any antiretroviral therapy and for children who have already received antiretroviral therapy, this will be done during the initial "wash-out" phase that is routinely interposed between two different treatment regimens.
  2. The initial 16 weeks of therapy will then evaluate the toxicities, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of single drug therapy with indinavir.
  3. Subsequently, all children who are able to tolerate the combination of zidovudine and lamivudine (i.e., have no prior history of intolerance to one of these two agents) will be treated with these two reverse transcriptase inhibitors in addition to the protease inhibitor indinavir. Zidovudine and lamivudine will be added after 16 weeks at a fixed dosage. Toxicity, pharmacokinetics, and preliminary efficacy of indinavir will also be investigated after combination therapy. All patients who wish to remain in this study after 96 weeks of therapy and who do not meet off study criteria will be permitted to receive extended treatment with their current indinavir combination therapy for an additional 48 weeks. The study will determine the pharmacokinetic profile of indinavir, given as single drug or in combination with zidovudine and lamivudine. It will assess the preliminary antiviral and clinical activity by monitoring clinical status, viral burden in plasma, and markers of immunologic status. Based on safety and preliminary efficacy results from studies performed in adults, we will study three dose levels which are expected to result in drug levels above the IC95 of HIV-1 for all or most of the dosing interval.
  Eligibility

Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Age - six months to 18 years.

PREVIOUSLY UNTREATED OR MINIMALLY TREATED PATIENTS:

Asymptomatic HIV-infected children with an age-corrected absolute CD4 count that renders them at possible risk for an AIDS-related opportunistic infection, or;

Children with moderate to severe symptomatic HIV infection as defined by the CDC classification.

Absence of active opportunistic infection requiring acute intervention at the time of entry.

Prophylaxis for PCP with trimethoprim/sulfamethoxazole or pentamidine at the time of entry will be allowed.

Availability of a parent or legal guardian to give informed consent and who is deemed sufficiently reliable to return for the child's follow-up visits.

PREVIOUSLY TREATED PATIENTS WITH REFRACTORY DISEASE OR INTOLERANCE TO PRIOR THERAPY:

HIV-infected patients who have been previously treated with one or more dideoxynucleosides (zidovudine, didanosine, lamivudine, stavudine, zalcitabine) or another protease inhibitor (will be analysed separately) and have experienced either a withdrawal grade toxicity or refractory disease evidenced by progressive clinical immunological deterioration.

Availability of a parent or legal guardian to give informed consent and who is deemed sufficiently reliable to return for the child's follow-up visits.

ALL CHILDREN:

Must not be critically ill or clinically unstable.

Patients receiving treatment for an acute infection must have been on stable therapy for at least 7 days prior to entry on study.

MUST NOT HAVE ONE OR MORE OF THE FOLLOWING LABORATORY FINDINGS (WITHIN 2 WEEKS OF ENTRY AND NOT YET RESOLVED):

Total WBC count less than 1500 cells/mm(3).

Neutrophil plus band count less than 750 cells/mm(3).

Hemoglobin less than 8.0 g/dl (history of recent transfusion is not an exclusion).

Platelet count less than 500,000/mm(3).

Creatinine greater than 2 times the upper limit of normal.

Liver transaminase greater than 3 times the upper limit of normal.

Bilirubin greater than 1.5 mg/dL.

Hematuria.

Because of the possibility for an increased risk of kidney stone formation patients must not have severe recurrent or persistent diarrhea, or a family history of kidney stones.

Patients must not have received, within 30 days prior to entry, therapy with immunomodulating agents (interleukin-2, interferons, growth hormone, IGF-1, or other biological response modifier), cytolytic chemotherapeutic agents, radiation therapy.

Stable (e.g., for greater than 4 weeks prior to entry) corticosteroids therapy for the treatment of lymphocytic interstitial pneumonitis or an autoimmune process or stable therapy with G-CSF (Neupogen) at the same dosage for at least 4 weeks are acceptable.

Must not have an active opportunistic infection requiring acute intervention.

Women must not be pregnant or breast feeding.

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001443

Locations
United States, Maryland
National Cancer Institute (NCI)
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
Sponsors and Collaborators
  More Information

Publications:
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001443     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 950163, 95-C-0163
Study First Received: November 3, 1999
Last Updated: March 3, 2008
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institutes of Health Clinical Center (CC):
AIDS
Bioavailability
Immunologic Evaluations
Pharmacokinetics
Toxicity

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Protease Inhibitors
Indinavir
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 14, 2014