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A Study of Three Anti-HIV Drug Combinations in Patients Who Have Taken Amprenavir

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001095
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: February 16, 2012
Last verified: February 2012
  Purpose

To determine the proportion of patients treated with amprenavir, zidovudine (ZDV), stavudine (D4T) and lamivudine (3TC) whose HIV-1 RNA level remains below the level of detection during 96 weeks of therapy. To determine the proportion of patients treated with indinavir (IDV), nevirapine (NVP), 3TC, and d4T whose HIV-1 RNA level decreases and then remains below the level of detection, during the 96-week therapy period. To determine the viral effects, safety, tolerability, and pharmacokinetics of amprenavir in combination with zidovudine, stavudine, and lamivudine. [AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98: To determine the proportion of patients with undetectable plasma HIV RNA, by treatment and baseline RNA cohort (either detectable or undetectable). To determine the durability of these regimens by estimating the distribution of time to loss of virologic suppression (or equivalently, time to virologic failure), by treatment and baseline RNA cohort.] This study allows patients who have successfully participated in ACTG 347 or other trials involving amprenavir to continue treatment with amprenavir, ZDV, d4T, and 3TC. Additionally, this study provides patients whose HIV-1 RNA was not reduced to undetectable levels or who had a significant increase in plasma levels ("treatment failures") the opportunity to change to a potentially more active regimen that includes indinavir, nevirapine, lamivudine, and stavudine.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Indinavir sulfate
Drug: Amprenavir
Drug: Nevirapine
Drug: Lamivudine
Drug: Stavudine
Drug: Zidovudine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study of 1) Amprenavir (141W94/VX478) Plus 3TC Plus ZDV (or d4T) or 2) IDV Plus NVP Plus 3TC Plus d4T in Subjects Previously Treated With Amprenavir and 3) Other Treatment Regimens (Observational ARM) in Subjects Previously Treated With Amprenavir

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 94
Study Completion Date: October 1999
Detailed Description:

This study allows patients who have successfully participated in ACTG 347 or other trials involving amprenavir to continue treatment with amprenavir, ZDV, d4T, and 3TC. Additionally, this study provides patients whose HIV-1 RNA was not reduced to undetectable levels or who had a significant increase in plasma levels ("treatment failures") the opportunity to change to a potentially more active regimen that includes indinavir, nevirapine, lamivudine, and stavudine.

Patients with HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml on a regimen containing amprenavir are treated on Arm A; those with greater than or equal to 500 copies while on or intolerant to a regimen containing amprenavir are treated on Arm B.

Arm A: Amprenavir + ZDV + d4T + 3TC. Arm B: IND + NVP + 3TC + d4T. Patients enrolled in Arm A who fail therapy may roll over to Arm B. Patients in Arm B who fail therapy discontinue study medications and seek best available treatment.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98: Patients with HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml currently on triple therapy with amprenavir + 3TC + ZDV (or d4T if ZDV-intolerant) are treated on ARM A. Patients with HIV RNA greater than or equal to 500 copies/ml, who have been intolerant to a regimen containing amprenavir or who were previously enrolled on ACTG 347 who elected to receive a treatment regimen other than amprenavir + ZDV (or d4T) + 3TC or IDV + NVP + 3TC + d4T or other regimens are assigned to Arm C.

Arm A: Amprenavir + ZDV* plus 3TC. Arm B: IDV** + NVP + 3TC + d4T***. Arm C: Observation only. Patients are followed for the duration of the study.

  • Patients intolerant of ZDV may elect to receive d4T. **Patients intolerant of IDV may take study-provided nelfinavir. ***Patients who switched to open-label IDV/NVP/3TC/d4T prior to enrollment on this study and who were intolerant to any of the study medications may enroll into Arm B with appropriate substitution of the intolerant study drug(s).

Patients initially assigned to Arm A who are intolerant of amprenavir or who fail therapy have the option of receiving Arm B therapy. Patients initially assigned to Arm B who are intolerant of any of the assigned study drugs may make an appropriate antiretroviral substitution (with approval of the protocol chair).]

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Required:

  • Chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (for patients with a CD4+ cell count less than or equal to 200 cells/mm3.

Allowed:

  • Topical and/or oral antifungal agents.
  • Treatment, maintenance or chemoprophylaxis with approved agents for opportunistic infections.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Systemic corticosteroid use for 21 days or less.
  • Recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and granulocyte-colony stimulating factor (G-CSF, filgrastim).
  • Regularly prescribed medications such as antipyretics, analgesics, allergy medications, antidepressants, sleep medications, oral contraceptives (not as a sole form of contraception), megestrol acetate, and testosterone.
  • Alternative therapies such as vitamins, acupuncture, and visualization techniques.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

  • Current use of triple therapy with amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) for Arm A patients.
  • Current use of quadruple therapy with IDV/NVP/3TC/d4T for Arm B patients.]

Patients must have:

  • HIV-positive status.
  • Successful response to treatment in ACTG 347 as measured by HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml (Arm A) OR unsuccessful response to treatment in ACTG 347 or another regimen containing amprenavir OR an increase in plasma HIV RNA above the nadir value to greater than 5,000 copies/ml or by at least one log10 at any time (Arm B) OR intolerance to a regimen containing amprenavir.
  • Consent for patients less than 18 years of age.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

Arm A patients must have:

  • HIV RNA less than 500 copies/ml on at least one occasion within 60 days of entry while previously enrolled in ACTG 347 and in one of the following categories: currently receiving amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) or randomized to monotherapy arm of ACTG 347 and received open-label amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T).

Arm B patients must have:

  • Failed prior amprenavir therapy, whether on ACTG 347 or not, i.e., HIV RNA greater than or equal to 500 copies/ml after at least 16 weeks of amprenavir and confirmed within 1-6 weeks OR treatment failure that mandated early permanent discontinuation of randomized ACTG 347 study drugs and defined as HIV RNA of at least one log 10 above the nadir (to at least 5,000 copies/ml) or HIV RNA level above the baseline value before 16 weeks of amprenavir and confirmed within 1-6 weeks.
  • Initially randomized to triple therapy arm of ACTG 347 with two plasma HIV-1 RNA values of at least 500 copies/ml taken within 60 days prior to study entry and at least 1-6 weeks apart or initially receive open-label amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) and with two HIV RNA levels of at least 500 copies/ml, regardless of duration of treatment with amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T).
  • Documented intolerance to any of the reverse transcriptase inhibitors or attempted nevirapine therapy allowed. Arm C patients must have:
  • Previously enrolled on ACTG 347 and elected to receive a treatment regimen other than amprenavir/3TC/ZDV (or d4T) or IDV/NVP/3TC/d4T.]

Prior Medication: Required:

Amprenavir therapy [AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

  • amprenavir therapy (Arm A and B patients only)].

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

Arm A:

  • Inability to tolerate amprenavir, ZDV, or 3TC.

Arm B:

  • Inability to tolerate d4T, NVP, or 3TC.
  • Active infection requiring acute treatment within 14 days prior to study entry.
  • Malignancy that requires systemic therapy (patients with minimal Kaposi's sarcoma are not excluded provided they do not require systemic therapy).

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded: Arm A:

  • Any detection of plasma HIV RNA greater than 500 copies/ml after subject has switched to triple therapy for at least 16 weeks.
  • Inability to tolerate amprenavir, ZDV (or d4T), or 3TC.
  • Malignancy that requires systemic therapy (minimal Kaposi's sarcoma allowed provided systemic therapy is not required) Arm A and B patients only.]

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Non-protocol-specified antiretroviral agents.
  • Immunomodulators that affect immunologic or virologic indices, such as systemic corticosteroids (more than 21 days), thalidomide, or cytokines.
  • Concomitant use of rifabutin and/or rifampin.
  • Investigational drugs without specific approval.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Oral astemizole, carbamazepine, dexamethasone, ketoconazole, itraconazole, phenobarbital, phenytoin, terfenadine, cisapride, triazolam, terfenadine, astemizole, and midazolam.

Prior Medication:

[AS PER AMENDMENT 2/27/98: Excluded:

  • Prior protease inhibitor therapy except amprenavir (Arm A patients).
  • Prior protease inhibitor therapy except amprenavir and IDV (Arm B patients).

Excluded within 14 days prior to entry:

  • Investigational drugs or immunomodulators (except amprenavir) without specific consent of protocol chair(s) (Arm A patients).
  • Immunomodulators that affect immunologic or virologic indices, such as systemic corticosteroids, thalidomide or cytokines, unless approved by protocol chair(s) (Arm B patients).
  • Oral astemizole, carbamazepine, dexamethasone, ketoconazole, itraconazole, phenobarbital, phenytoin, terfenadine, cisapride, triazolam, midazolam, ergot alkaloids, or drugs containing derivatives of ergot alkaloids.]
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001095

Locations
United States, California
Univ of Southern California / LA County USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles, California, United States, 900331079
United States, Colorado
Univ of Colorado Health Sciences Ctr
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
United States, Florida
Univ of Miami School of Medicine
Miami, Florida, United States, 331361013
United States, Georgia
Emory Univ
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
United States, Illinois
Cook County Hosp
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess - West Campus
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Boston Med Ctr
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02118
United States, Missouri
St Louis Regional Hosp / St Louis Regional Med Ctr
St Louis, Missouri, United States, 63112
United States, New York
Bellevue Hosp / New York Univ Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10016
United States, North Carolina
Univ of North Carolina
Chapel Hill, North Carolina, United States, 275997215
United States, Pennsylvania
Univ of Pennsylvania at Philadelphia
Philadelphia, Pennsylvania, United States, 19104
United States, South Carolina
Julio Arroyo
West Columbia, South Carolina, United States, 29169
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Murphy R
Study Chair: Gulick R
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Gulick RM, Smeaton L, D'Aquila RT, Eron JJ, Currier JS, Degruttola V, Gerber JG, Sommadossi JP, Tung R, Kuritzkes DR, Murphy RL. Indinavir (IDV), nevirapine (NVP), stavudine (d4T) and lamivudine (3TC) for amprenavir (APV)-experienced subjects: ACTG 373. 7th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2000 Jan 30 - Feb 2 (abstract no 526)

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001095     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 373, 11334
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: February 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
Zidovudine
Nevirapine
Stavudine
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Lamivudine
VX 478
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Amprenavir
Indinavir
Lamivudine
Nevirapine
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Stavudine
Zidovudine
Anti-Bacterial Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antibiotics, Antitubercular
Antimetabolites
Antitubercular Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 24, 2014