The Effectiveness of Nelfinavir and Efavirenz, Used Alone or Together, Combined With Other Anti-HIV Drugs in Patients Who Have Taken Anti-HIV Drugs

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001087
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 21, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

Steps I and II: The purpose of this study is the following: To look at how many patients achieve undetectable HIV blood levels at Week 16. To look at the absolute change in HIV blood levels from the beginning of the study to Week 16. To look at the safety and tolerability of nelfinavir (NFV) and efavirenz (EFV) when used in combination or separately in regimens containing reverse transcriptase inhibitors (RTIs). For the 2 extension studies (Weeks 49 to 144): To look at the proportion of patients whose long-term viral load remains undetectable at Week 96. To look at the time from the beginning of the study to treatment failure, with patients evaluated through Week 144. Step III: To look at the proportion of patients whose HIV blood levels are undetectable 16 weeks after starting the salvage study treatment. To assess safety, toxicity, and tolerance of salvage study drug treatment. (This study has been changed by adding new objectives.) Achieving viral suppression has been widely endorsed as the primary goal of HIV therapy. However, there are few established guidelines for devising combinations of different classes of drugs which will enhance the potential for achieving viral suppression, reducing the risk of toxicity, and preserving therapeutic options for future use. This study includes 2 anti-HIV drugs, NFV (a protease inhibitor [PI]) and EFV (a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor [NNRTI]), for use either alone or in combination with RTI therapy for the purpose of limiting HIV replication. Patients with treatment failure at Week 16 choose 1 of the following 3 alternative salvage therapies: 2-drug PI regimen (saquinavir and ritonavir) plus adefovir dipivoxil and L-carnitine; EFV or NFV (if not already given) plus 2 new approved anti-HIV drugs outside the study; or the best available treatment outside the study. The new RTI, adefovir dipivoxil, is added to the 2-drug PI regimen to achieve suppression of viral replication and thereby delay disease progression. (This rationale reflects a change in the treatment given to patients with treatment failure at Week 16.)


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Ritonavir
Drug: Nelfinavir mesylate
Drug: Efavirenz
Drug: Levocarnitine
Drug: Adefovir dipivoxil
Drug: Saquinavir
Drug: Lamivudine
Drug: Stavudine
Drug: Zidovudine
Drug: Zalcitabine
Drug: Didanosine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Comparison of the Virologic Efficacy of Nelfinavir and/or DMP 266 (Efavirenz, EFV) in Combination With One or Two New Nucleoside Analogs in Nucleoside Experienced Subjects: A Roll-Over Study to ACTG 302/303

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 300
Study Completion Date: July 2000
Detailed Description:

Achieving viral suppression has been widely endorsed as the primary goal of HIV therapy, yet there are few established guidelines to provide the framework by which to devise combinations of different classes of drugs which will not only enhance the potential for achieving viral suppression while reducing the risk of toxicity but will also preserve therapeutic options for future use. This study includes 2 antiretroviral compounds, NFV (a protease inhibitor [PI]) and EFV (a nonnucleoside reverse transcriptase inhibitor [NNRTI]), for use either alone or in combination with reverse transcriptase inhibitor (RTI) therapy for the purpose of limiting HIV replication. [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/98: Patients who experience treatment failure at Week 16 or later choose 1 of the following alternative potent salvage therapy regimens: a dual-PI regimen (saquinavir/ritonavir) plus adefovir dipivoxil and L-carnitine; EFV or NFV (if not already given) plus 2 new approved antiretroviral drugs outside the study; or the best available treatment outside the study. The new reverse transcriptase inhibitor, adefovir dipivoxil, is added to the dual-PI regimen to achieve suppression of viral replication and thereby delay disease progression.]

Step I: Patients with detectable plasma HIV RNA levels are assigned to Group A, and those with undetectable levels are assigned to Group B (control).

Group A: Patients are randomized to 1 of 3 treatment arms: NFV plus EFV placebo on Arm I; NFV placebo plus EFV on Arm II; or NFV plus EFV on Arm III. Concurrent with their randomly assigned therapy, patients receive open-label RTI therapy comprising 1 of the following 3 combinations that provides 1 or 2 new RTIs: didanosine (ddI) plus stavudine (d4T); lamivudine (3TC) plus d4T; or ddI plus 3TC. [AS PER AMENDMENT 12/02/97: Patients with virologic failure at Week 16 seek the best available therapy outside the study or continue study medication for up to 120 days.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/98: Patients with virologic failure at Week 16 now proceed to Step III.] Patients without virologic failure continue therapy during Weeks 1 to 48 [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/98: and those without virologic failure at Week 48 may continue therapy during Weeks 49 to 96 (first extension study)]. [AS PER AMENDMENT 5/27/99: After Week 96, patients in Arm I may switch to Arm III or seek the best available antiretroviral therapy outside the study. Patients in Arm II or III with undetectable plasma HIV RNA levels at Week 96 may continue therapy during Weeks 97 to 144 (second extension study) or seek the best alternative antiretroviral therapy. Patients in Arm II or III with detectable plasma HIV RNA levels but without virologic failure at Week 48 continue their current study therapy or proceed to Step III. Patients with confirmed virologic failure at Week 48 or later proceed to Step III or seek the best available alternative therapy outside the study.] Group B: Patients receive treatment on their assigned, open-label ACTG 302/303 regimen. Patients with detectable plasma HIV RNA levels discontinue Group B therapy and proceed to Step II. Patients with undetectable plasma HIV RNA levels continue therapy during Weeks 1 to 48 [AS PER AMENDMENT 6/24/98: and those with undetectable levels at Week 48 may continue therapy during Weeks 49 to 96 (first extension study)]. [AS PER AMENDMENT 5/27/99: Patients with undetectable levels at Week 96 may continue therapy during Weeks 97 to 144 (second extension study).] Step II: Patients receive treatment as in Group A. [Step III: AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/98: Patients choose 1 of 3 alternative therapies: saquinavir soft gel capsule, ritonavir, adefovir dipivoxil, and L-carnitine on Arm X; EFV or NFV plus 2 new approved antiretroviral drugs outside the study on Arm Y (if no prior EFV or NFV); or best available medication outside the study on Arm Z.

Patients in Arm X or Y are followed on salvage therapy for 24 to 48 weeks. Patients with detectable plasma HIV RNA levels after 16 weeks on salvage therapy are encouraged to discontinue study medication and seek best alternative treatment.]

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Required:

  • Chemoprophylaxis for Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia for all patients who have a CD4 count of 200 cells/mm3 or less.

Allowed:

  • Topical and oral antifungal except for oral ketoconazole.
  • Treatment, maintenance, or chemoprophylaxis with approved agents for opportunistic infections as clinically indicated.
  • All antibiotics as clinically indicated.
  • Systemic corticosteroid use for no more than 21 days for acute problems as medically indicated. Note: Steroid use for more than 21 days is considered on a case-by-case basis.
  • Recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) as medically indicated.
  • Regularly prescribed medications such as antipyretics, analgesics, allergy medications, antidepressants, sleep medications, oral contraceptives, megestrol acetate, testosterone, or any other medications as medically indicated.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 4/25/00:

Allowed with caution:

  • Pentamidine, allopurinol, hydroxyurea. Use of these medications may increase exposure to ddI.]

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

  • Dependency of less than 3 units of blood per 21-day period.
  • Alternative therapies such as acupuncture and visualization techniques.

Patients must have:

  • HIV infection documented by a licensed ELISA and confirmed by Western blot, positive HIV culture, positive HIV antigen, positive plasma HIV RNA, or second antibody test positive by a method other than ELISA. Repeat HIV-antibody testing is not required for enrollment in this trial (implicit in patients having been enrolled in ACTG 302/303).
  • Signed, informed consent from parent or legal guardian for patients under 18 years of age.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions or symptoms are excluded:

  • Inability to tolerate ddI at 200-400 mg/day, 3TC at 300 mg/day, or d4T at 60-80 mg/day, with intolerance defined as recurrent toxicities requiring dose interruptions and reductions or permanent discontinuation of the drugs (other than Grade 3 or 4 anemia).
  • Grade 2 or higher peripheral neuropathy.
  • Malignancy requiring systemic therapy.
  • Co-enrollment in other antiretroviral protocols; co-enrollment in other ACTG protocols is encouraged, particularly those involving prophylaxis for opportunistic infections.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • All antiretroviral therapies other than study medications.
  • Investigational drugs and vaccines without specific approval from the Protocol Chair/Vice Chairs.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Interferon, interleukins, GM-CSF, and HIV-1 vaccines.
  • Rifabutin and rifampin.
  • Ketoconazole, astemizole, cisapride, midazolam, terfenadine, and triazolam.
  • Acute therapy for an infection or other medical illness.
  • Herbal medications.
  • Vitamins. [10. AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/98:
  • Ergot alkaloids or drugs containing derivatives or ergot alkaloids.]

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of acute or chronic pancreatitis.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • PIs.
  • NNRTIs.
  • Acute therapy for an infection or other medical illness within 14 days prior to the time of study entry.
  • Chronic long-term steroid use is not permitted unless it is within physiologic replacement levels; protocol chair/vice chairs must be contacted in these instances.

Risk Behavior:

Excluded:

  • Current ethanol abuse by personal history or a report from a primary physician.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001087

Locations
United States, Illinois
Northwestern University CRS
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60611
Rush Univ. Med. Ctr. ACTG CRS
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
Cook County Hosp. CORE Ctr.
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Adult AIDS CRS
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, New York
NY Univ. HIV/AIDS CRS
New York, New York, United States
Puerto Rico
Puerto Rico-AIDS CRS
San Juan, Puerto Rico, 009365067
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Mary Albrecht
Study Chair: David Katzenstein
Study Chair: Scott Hammer
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001087     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 364, 10691
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: May 21, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
Antiviral Agents
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Ritonavir
Saquinavir
Nelfinavir
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Adenine
Anti-HIV Agents
efavirenz

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Carnitine
Zalcitabine
Didanosine
Zidovudine
Stavudine
Adefovir
Adefovir dipivoxil
Lamivudine
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Efavirenz
Saquinavir
Ritonavir
Nelfinavir
Anti-HIV Agents
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Vitamin B Complex
Vitamins
Micronutrients
Growth Substances

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014