A Phase I Safety and Immunogenicity Trial of Live Recombinant Canarypox ALVAC-HIV (vCP205) and HIV-1 SF-2 rgp120 in HIV-1 Uninfected Volunteers to Evaluate Accelerated Vaccine Schedules

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001076
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 16, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of an accelerated schedule of recombinant canarypox vaccine ALVAC-HIV MN120TMG (vCP205) versus control followed by boost with rgp120/HIV-1 SF2 vaccine in HIV-negative volunteers.

Frequent injections of ALVAC-HIV vCP205 may result in more rapid induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. This trial will evaluate whether an accelerated vaccination schedule can produce immunological responses comparable to those obtained in other trials of ALVAC-HIV vCP205.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Biological: ALVAC-HIV MN120TMG (vCP205)
Biological: ALVAC-RG Rabies Glycoprotein (vCP65)
Biological: rgp120/HIV-1 SF-2
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Safety and Immunogenicity Trial of Live Recombinant Canarypox ALVAC-HIV (vCP205) and HIV-1 SF-2 rgp120 in HIV-1 Uninfected Volunteers to Evaluate Accelerated Vaccine Schedules

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 34
Study Completion Date: December 1997
Detailed Description:

Frequent injections of ALVAC-HIV vCP205 may result in more rapid induction of cytotoxic T-lymphocytes. This trial will evaluate whether an accelerated vaccination schedule can produce immunological responses comparable to those obtained in other trials of ALVAC-HIV vCP205.

Volunteers are randomized to receive immunization with either ALVAC-HIV vCP205 or ALVAC-RG rabies glycoprotein (vCP65) at days 0, 7, 14, and 21, followed by boost with rgp120/HIV-1 SF2 at days 28 and 84. A third cohort receives ALVAC-HIV vCP65 on the same schedule followed by boost with placebo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Volunteers must have:

  • Normal history and physical exam.
  • Negative ELISA and Western blot for HIV.
  • CD4 count >= 400 cells/mm3.
  • Normal urine dipstick with esterase and nitrite.
  • Lower-risk sexual behavior.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Volunteers with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Positive hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Medical or psychiatric condition (such as recent suicidal ideation or present psychosis) that precludes compliance.
  • Occupational responsibilities that preclude compliance.
  • Active syphilis. NOTE: Subjects with serology documented to be a false positive or due to a remote (> 6 months) treated infection are eligible.
  • Active tuberculosis. NOTE: Subjects with a positive PPD and a normal chest x-ray showing no evidence of TB and not requiring isoniazid therapy are eligible.
  • Allergy to egg products or neomycin.
  • Occupational exposure to birds.

Volunteers with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of immunodeficiency, chronic illness, autoimmune disease, or use of immunosuppressive medications.
  • History of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines.
  • Prior immunization against rabies.
  • History of serious allergic reaction to any substance, requiring hospitalization or emergent medical care (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, bronchospasm, or hypotension).
  • Prior psychiatric condition (such as history of suicide attempts or past psychosis) that precludes compliance.
  • History of cancer unless there has been surgical excision that is considered to have achieved cure.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Live attenuated vaccines within 60 days prior to study entry. NOTE: Medically indicated killed or subunit vaccines (e.g., influenza, pneumococcal) do not exclude if administered at least 2 weeks from HIV immunizations.
  • Experimental agents within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Prior HIV vaccines.
  • Prior rabies immunization.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Blood products or immunoglobulin within 6 months prior to study entry. Identifiable high-risk behavior for HIV infection, such as
  • injection drug use within past 12 months.
  • higher- or intermediate-risk sexual behavior.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001076

Locations
United States, Alabama
UAB AVEG
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Missouri
St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine AVEG
St Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
United States, New York
Univ. of Rochester AVEG
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Belshe R
  More Information

Publications:
Corey L, Weinhold K, Montefiori D, McElrath J, Excler JL, Duliege AM, Stablein D. Combination candidate HIV vaccines using a canarypox vector (vCP205) followed by boosting with gp120(SF-2). Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1997 Jan 22-26;4th:209 (abstract no LB18)
Evans T, Corey L, Clements-Mann ML, Weinhold K, Belshe RB, Excler JL, Duliege AM. CD8+ CTL induced in AIDS vaccine evaluation group phase I trials using canarypox vectors (ALVAC) encoding multiple HIV gene products (vCP125, vCP205, vCP300) given with or without subunit boost. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:277 (abstract no 495/21192)
Bender TJ, Tang J, Rivers C, Mulligan MJ, Kaslow RA. Grouping by HLA class I supertype does not enhance HLA associations with CTL responses to ALVAC-HIV canarypox vaccine components. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 193)
Kaslow RA, Rivers C, Goepfert P, Tang J, El Habib R, Weinhold K, Mulligan MJ. Association of HLA class I alleles with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses to gag and env in recipients of ALVAC-HIV canarypox vaccines. 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. 2000 Jan 30-Feb 2 [Poster 818]
Zolla-Pazner S, Burda S, Belshe R, Duliege AM, Excler JL, Klein M. Prime/boost immunization of humans induces antibodies that react with many HIV-1 clades and neutralize several X4-, R5-, and dual-tropic primary isolates. Keystone Symposium, HIV Vaccine Development: Opportunities and Challenges--AIDS Pathogenesis. 1999 Jan 7-13 [J1:420]

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001076     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVEG 029, 10579
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: May 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Vaccines, Synthetic
HIV Envelope Protein gp120
AIDS Vaccines
HIV Seronegativity
Avipoxvirus
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Krestin
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Interferon Inducers
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 26, 2014