A Phase I, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled HIV-1 Vaccine Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of MN Recombinant Soluble gp120/HIV-1 (rsgp120/HIV-1) (Genentech) in Combination With QS21 Adjuvant and/or Alum in Healthy Adults

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001052
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 23, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

To extend the evaluation of safety and immunogenicity of MN recombinant soluble gp120/HIV-1 (MN rsgp120/HIV-1) in combination with QS21 with or without alum and on two different vaccination schedules.

Recent animal studies indicate that immunizing with MN rsgp120/HIV-1 in combination with QS21 on a 0, 1, 2 month schedule results in a more rapid rise in binding and neutralizing antibody response than on a 0, 1, 6 month schedule. Such an effect may be particularly desirable in vaccine delivery. This study compares these two delivery schedules using the unadjuvanted vaccine formulation rsgp120/HIV-1 with or without addition of alum.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Biological: Aluminum hydroxide
Biological: QS-21
Biological: rgp120/HIV-1MN
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I, Multicenter, Randomized, Double-Blind, Placebo-Controlled HIV-1 Vaccine Trial to Evaluate the Safety and Immunogenicity of MN Recombinant Soluble gp120/HIV-1 (rsgp120/HIV-1) (Genentech) in Combination With QS21 Adjuvant and/or Alum in Healthy Adults

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Enrollment: 110
Study Completion Date: September 1997
Detailed Description:

Recent animal studies indicate that immunizing with MN rsgp120/HIV-1 in combination with QS21 on a 0, 1, 2 month schedule results in a more rapid rise in binding and neutralizing antibody response than on a 0, 1, 6 month schedule. Such an effect may be particularly desirable in vaccine delivery. This study compares these two delivery schedules using the unadjuvanted vaccine formulation rsgp120/HIV-1 with or without addition of alum.

Healthy volunteers (20 per group) receive MN rsgp120/HIV-1 (300 or 0 mcg) in combination with QS21 (100 mcg), either with or without alum, at 0, 1, and 2 months or 0, 1, and 6 months. For both vaccination schedules, an additional five volunteers receive only vehicle with alum. The 0 mcg antigen groups are included primarily as negative controls. Subjects may be contacted for follow-up on health status once or twice yearly for at least 5 years.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Subjects must have:

  • Normal history and physical exam.
  • HIV negative by ELISA within 8 weeks of immunization.
  • Absolute CD4 count >= 400 cells/mm3.
  • Normal urine dipstick with esterase and nitrite.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Subjects with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Medical or psychiatric condition (such as recent suicidal ideation or present psychosis) that precludes compliance.
  • Occupational responsibilities that preclude compliance.
  • Active syphilis. NOTE: Subjects with serology documented to be false positive or due to a remote (> 6 months) treated infection are eligible.
  • Active tuberculosis. NOTE: Subjects with a positive PPD and normal chest x-ray showing no evidence of TB and not requiring isoniazid therapy are eligible.

Subjects with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of immunodeficiency, autoimmune disease, or use of immunosuppressive medications.
  • History of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines.
  • History of allergy to thimerosal.
  • History of serious allergic reaction to any substance, requiring hospitalization or emergent medical care (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, bronchospasm, or hypotension).
  • Prior psychiatric condition (such as history of suicide attempts or past psychosis) that precludes compliance.
  • History of cancer unless there has been surgical excision that is considered to have achieved cure.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Live attenuated vaccines within 60 days prior to study entry. (NOTE: Medically indicated subunit or killed vaccines, such as influenza or pneumococcal, are allowed but should be given at least 2 weeks prior to HIV immunizations.)
  • Experimental agents within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Prior HIV vaccines.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Receipt of blood products or immunoglobulin within the past 6 months.

Risk Behavior:

  • Subjects are NOT excluded on the basis of HIV risk behaviors, but AVOIDANCE of any activity that may expose subject to HIV (e.g., unprotected sex or needle sharing) is STRONGLY RECOMMENDED.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001052

Locations
United States, Missouri
St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine AVEG
St. Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
United States, New York
Univ. of Rochester AVEG
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Pennsylvania
JHU AVEG
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15261
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Univ. Hosp. AVEG
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Washington
UW - Seattle AVEG
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98144
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: McElrath J
  More Information

Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001052     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVEG 016A, 10565
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: May 23, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Vaccines, Synthetic
Drug Therapy, Combination
Adjuvants, Immunologic
HIV Envelope Protein gp120
AIDS Vaccines
HIV Seronegativity
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Aluminum Hydroxide
QS 21
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antacids
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 23, 2014