The Effects of Anti-HIV Drugs in HIV-Infected Patients Who Do Not Have AIDS

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborators:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Glaxo Wellcome
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00001024
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 29, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

Immunopathogenesis objectives: To compare and quantitatively determine HIV burden and HIV replication in peripheral blood (PB) and lymphoid tissue (LT). To determine the degree to which antiretroviral therapy alters HIV replication in LT.

Clinical objectives: To gain insight into the degree of correlation between immunologic surrogate markers for HIV disease (e.g., CD4, beta-2 microglobulin) as compared to measures of HIV replication in PB and LT. To assess changes in PB and LT viral burden after antiretroviral therapy and to determine its ability to predict an antiviral response.

One of the major problems in defining the immunopathogenic changes in HIV infections has been the inability to correlate the extent of loss of immunologic function with the number of HIV-infected CD4+ cells in the peripheral blood. Few studies exist that measure viral burden in lymph nodes of HIV-infected individuals. Researchers hope to find out whether the amount of HIV virus or markers for the virus in the body's lymph tissue is a better measure of disease progression than the amount of virus or markers for the virus in the blood.


Condition Intervention
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
Drug: Didanosine

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter, Open-Label Study of Viral Burden in Peripheral Blood Versus Lymphoid Tissue Before and After Antiretroviral Therapy in HIV-Infected Individuals Without AIDS (NOTE: One Arm Receives no Treatment)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 32
Study Completion Date: June 2002
Detailed Description:

One of the major problems in defining the immunopathogenic changes in HIV infections has been the inability to correlate the extent of loss of immunologic function with the number of HIV-infected CD4+ cells in the peripheral blood. Few studies exist that measure viral burden in lymph nodes of HIV-infected individuals. Researchers hope to find out whether the amount of HIV virus or markers for the virus in the body's lymph tissue is a better measure of disease progression than the amount of virus or markers for the virus in the blood.

Sixteen antiretroviral-naive patients are randomized to either remain antiretroviral-naive (no treatment) or receive zidovudine daily (treatment). Additionally, 16 patients with 26 or more weeks of ongoing zidovudine (AZT) therapy are randomized to either continue on their prestudy AZT regimen or add didanosine (ddI) daily to their baseline AZT dose. Patients remain on their assigned treatment arms for 8 weeks. A lymph node biopsy is performed on day 0 and at week 8. Patients are evaluated at weeks 2, 4, 6, 8 and 9.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Chemoprophylaxis against M. tuberculosis, therapy for oral candidiasis, and short courses (up to 10 days) of acyclovir for herpes lesions.
  • Antibiotics as clinically indicated.
  • Pneumococcal vaccine and hepatitis B vaccine as medically indicated.
  • Regularly prescribed medications such as antipyretics, analgesics, allergy medications, antidepressants, sleep medications, oral contraceptives, or other medications deemed appropriate by the patient's primary care provider.

Recommended:

  • PCP prophylaxis if patient's CD4 count falls below 200 cells/mm3 during the study.

Concurrent Treatment:

Allowed:

  • Alternative therapies such as vitamins and acupuncture.

Patients must have:

  • Documented HIV infection.
  • At least two palpable lymph nodes above the waist.
  • CD4 counts >= 350 cells/mm3 (if previously antiretroviral-naive) or >= 250 cells/mm3 (if receiving ongoing AZT therapy).

Patients with prior AZT therapy must have received a stable dose of 300-600 mg daily for 26 or more weeks.

Prior Medication:

Required in patients with prior ongoing therapy:

  • AZT at dose of 300-600 mg daily for at least 26 weeks.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms and conditions are excluded:

  • Severe malabsorption.
  • Current AIDS-related opportunistic infection, AIDS dementia, AIDS-wasting syndrome, or an AIDS-related malignancy other than minimal Kaposi's sarcoma disease.
  • Current medical problems that may interfere with the evaluation of AZT or increase the potential toxicity of AZT (e.g., significant liver disease, diabetes, significant cardiovascular disease, seizure disorders, lymphoma, acute or chronic pancreatitis, or febrile illness).
  • Current diagnosis of malignancy for which systemic therapy would be required during study.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Ganciclovir, foscarnet, chronic acyclovir, or probenecid.
  • Other proven or alleged antiretroviral or anti-HIV drugs.
  • Biologic response modifiers.
  • Valproic acid.
  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.
  • Steroids.

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Radiation therapy.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Prior AIDS-related opportunistic infection, AIDS dementia, AIDS-wasting syndrome, or an AIDS-related malignancy other than minimal Kaposi's sarcoma disease.
  • History of medical problems that may interfere with the evaluation of AZT or increase the potential toxicity of AZT (e.g., significant liver disease, diabetes, significant cardiovascular disease, seizure disorders, lymphoma, acute or chronic pancreatitis, or febrile illness).
  • History of peripheral neuropathy (patients with prior AZT treatment only).

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Prior ddI therapy.
  • Less than 26 weeks of prior AZT (in patients with ongoing AZT therapy only).
  • Ganciclovir, foscarnet, chronic acyclovir, or probenecid.
  • Cytotoxic chemotherapy within 1 month prior to study entry.
  • Acute therapy for an infection or other medical illness within 14 days prior to study entry.

History of alcohol abuse (patients with prior AZT treatment).

  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00001024

Locations
United States, California
Palo Alto Veterans Affairs Health Care System
Palo Alto, California, United States, 94304
Mount Zion Med Ctr / UCSF
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
Kaiser Permanente Med Ctr
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
United States, Illinois
Univ of Illinois
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Maryland
Univ of Maryland at Baltimore
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21201
United States, New York
SUNY / Health Sciences Ctr at Stony Brook
Stony Brook, New York, United States, 117948153
United States, North Carolina
Duke Univ Med Ctr
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Pennsylvania
Univ of Pittsburgh
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States, 15261
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Glaxo Wellcome
Investigators
Study Chair: J Cohn
Study Chair: M Niu
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Cohen OJ, Pantaleo G, Graziosi C, Niu M, Fauci AS. Effect of antiretroviral therapy on HIV burden and replication in lymphoid tissue. DATRI 003 Study Group. Int Conf AIDS. 1994 Aug 7-12;10(1):7 (abstract no 001B)

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00001024     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: DATRI 003, 11734
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: March 29, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Didanosine
AIDS-Related Complex
Zidovudine
Lymph Nodes
Lymphoid Tissue

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Didanosine
Zidovudine
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-HIV Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 15, 2014