A Study of Zidovudine Plus Acyclovir in HIV-Infected Patients
To compare the effect of zidovudine (AZT) given alone with the combination of AZT and acyclovir (ACV) on the human immunodeficiency virus (HIV) in persons infected with HIV, and to study the pharmacokinetics (how fast AZT reaches certain levels in blood and how long it remains), safety, and effectiveness of AZT given alone and in combination with ACV in treating HIV-infected patients. Other studies have shown that AZT offers potential benefits to specific AIDS patients when given over long time periods, and experiments in vitro (in the test tube) suggest that ACV may stimulate the action of AZT against HIV. It is necessary to obtain information on how these drugs perform in HIV-infected humans.
|Study Design:||Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||An Uncontrolled Trial to Evaluate the Pharmacokinetics and Pharmacodynamics of Zidovudine (AZT) and Acyclovir (ACV) Given Concomitantly to Patients With Human Immunodeficiency Virus Infection|
|Study Completion Date:||October 1990|
Other studies have shown that AZT offers potential benefits to specific AIDS patients when given over long time periods, and experiments in vitro (in the test tube) suggest that ACV may stimulate the action of AZT against HIV. It is necessary to obtain information on how these drugs perform in HIV-infected humans.
The first 12 patients will take AZT capsules every 4 hours, and 6 of the patients will also take ACV 6 times a day. Later groups of patients will receive higher doses of AZT if the earlier doses are tolerated without significant adverse effect. It was initially planned to stop treatment after 12 weeks, but if the first 10 patients who have entered the study have tolerated treatment well, the duration of treatment will be extended with a crossover in dosage. The treatment may be lifelong, depending on the results obtained with regard to safety and effectiveness of the drugs. Blood and urine samples will be obtained periodically in order to estimate blood levels of the drugs, to study the excretion of the drugs, and to determine the effects of the drugs on HIV and on the immune system and medical condition of the patient.
|United States, California|
|Los Angeles County - USC Med Ctr|
|Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033|
|Univ of California / San Diego Treatment Ctr|
|San Diego, California, United States, 921036325|
|United States, Washington|
|Univ of Washington|
|Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105|
|Study Chair:||Corey L|