The Safety and Effectiveness of Zidovudine (AZT) in the Treatment of HIV Infection in Patients With AIDS and Advanced ARC

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000999
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 15, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

To obtain information about the long-term safety and toxicity of zidovudine (AZT). To ascertain whether interruption/resumption at a lower dosage is the optimal management of AZT toxicity.

Because of the high incidence of toxicity and the relatively short-term follow-up of the patients due to the early ending of the Phase II placebo-controlled experiment, it is valuable to continue to get information on the long-term toxicity of AZT.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Multicenter Uncontrolled Trial To Evaluate the Long Term Safety and Tolerance of Zidovudine (AZT) in the Treatment of Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV) Infection in Patients With AIDS and Advanced ARC

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 500
Study Completion Date: March 1989
Detailed Description:

Because of the high incidence of toxicity and the relatively short-term follow-up of the patients due to the early ending of the Phase II placebo-controlled experiment, it is valuable to continue to get information on the long-term toxicity of AZT.

This study provides AZT for 6 months to AIDS patients who were previously enrolled in the AZT Treatment IND protocol and to patients who qualify for AZT under the drug labeling. Patients are randomized to 1 of 2 regimens for management of toxicity.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • For fever control and mild analgesia, modest doses of aspirin or nonprescription doses of ibuprofen may be used with caution; prolonged (> 72 hours) administration is not advised without dose supervision.

Patients must have a documented history of positive HIV antibody by ELISA, or positive result by ELISA at study entry and be in one of the following categories:

  • AIDS patients recovered from one or more episodes of categorically confirmed Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) who were previously enrolled in the zidovudine (AZT) treatment IND protocol.
  • Patients who qualify for AZT under the labeling:
  • (a) patients with a prior episode of cytologically confirmed PCP; (b) patients with a prior episode of any other AIDS defining opportunistic infection and < 200 T4 cells; (c) patients with advanced AIDS related complex (ARC) as defined by the clinical diagnosis of mucocutaneous candidiasis and/or unexplained weight loss (= or > 15 lbs or > 10 percent of total body weight within the previous 3 months) and < 200 T4 cells and one or more of the following symptoms:
  • (1) fever > 100 degrees F without infectious cause of > 3 weeks duration; (2) clinical diagnosis of hairy leukoplakia; (3) herpes zoster infection within 3 months of entry; (4) unexplained diarrhea after 3 samples eliminating ova, parasites, cryptosporidia, and Mycobacterium avium-intracellulare.

Note:

  • Kaposi's sarcoma without any of the symptoms listed above, regardless of total T4 lymphocyte count, does not constitute an indication for AZT treatment under the labeling.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

  • Patients whose symptoms do not fit into the categories described in Disease Status and General Inclusion Criteria are excluded.

Concurrent Medication: Excluded:

  • Acetaminophen.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000999

Locations
United States, California
LaJolla Veterans Administration Med Ctr
LaJolla, California, United States, 92037
Los Angeles County - USC Med Ctr
Los Angeles, California, United States, 90033
Univ of California / San Diego Treatment Ctr
San Diego, California, United States, 921036325
Stanford at Kaiser / Kaiser Permanente Med Ctr
San Francisco, California, United States, 94115
San Francisco AIDS Clinic / San Francisco Gen Hosp
San Francisco, California, United States, 941102859
Stanford Univ School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Louisiana
Tulane Univ School of Medicine
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
Louisiana State Univ Med Ctr / Tulane Med School
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Maryland
Johns Hopkins Hosp
Baltimore, Maryland, United States, 21287
United States, Massachusetts
Beth Israel Deaconess Med Ctr
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
Beth Israel Deaconess - West Campus
Boston, Massachusetts, United States, 02215
United States, Minnesota
Univ of Minnesota
Minneapolis, Minnesota, United States, 55455
United States, New York
Jack Weiler Hosp / Bronx Municipal Hosp
Bronx, New York, United States, 10465
Bronx Municipal Hosp Ctr/Jacobi Med Ctr
Bronx, New York, United States, 10461
SUNY / Erie County Med Ctr at Buffalo
Buffalo, New York, United States, 14215
Beth Israel Med Ctr / Peter Krueger Clinic
New York, New York, United States, 10003
Mem Sloan - Kettering Cancer Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10021
Mount Sinai Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10029
Bellevue Hosp / New York Univ Med Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10016
Univ of Rochester Medical Center
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
SUNY / State Univ of New York
Syracuse, New York, United States, 13210
United States, North Carolina
Duke Univ Med Ctr
Durham, North Carolina, United States, 27710
United States, Pennsylvania
Univ of Pittsburgh Med School
Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania, United States
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Pettinelli C
Study Chair: Feinberg J
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000999     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 020, 10996
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: March 15, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
Zidovudine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Infection
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Zidovudine
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antimetabolites
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 30, 2014