A Study of the Safety and Effectiveness of Hydroxyurea in Patients on Potent Antiretroviral Therapy and Who Have Less Than 200 Copies/ml of HIV RNA in Their Blood

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000916
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 17, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

This study compares the safety and effectiveness of continuing your current anti-HIV medications to that of adding or switching some of your anti-HIV medications. It will follow the effect of these medication changes, including the addition of hydroxyurea (HU), on long-term viral suppression. Other medications which may be added include didanosine (ddI) and/or stavudine (d4T).

Patients receiving combination antiretroviral therapy with indinavir (IDV), zidovudine (ZDV)(or d4T) and lamivudine (3TC) show viral suppression for two years or more. Discontinuation of one or two of these drugs results in prompt loss of the viral suppression. Other studies show that addition of HU to some reverse transcriptase inhibitor treatments results in increased antiviral effects. This study will provide further information on the effect of adding HU to a treatment regimen with respect to long-term viral suppression.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Indinavir sulfate
Drug: Lamivudine/Zidovudine
Drug: Hydroxyurea
Drug: Lamivudine
Drug: Stavudine
Drug: Zidovudine
Drug: Didanosine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II, Randomized Study of the Safety and Efficacy of Hydroxyurea in Subjects on Potent Antiretroviral Therapy With Less Than 200 Copies/ml of HIV RNA in the Plasma

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 399
Study Completion Date: August 2004
Detailed Description:

Previous ACTG studies show that discontinuation of one or two of a three-drug regimen (IDV, ZDV, 3TC) leads to prompt loss of viral suppression in the plasma. In this trial, it will be determined whether adding hydroxyurea (HU) to a suppressive regimen increases long term viral suppression. Important safety information on the tolerance of HU regimen will be characterized in asymptomatic patients with viral suppression.

Patients are equally randomized to one of three arms and receive treatment as follows:Arm A: IDV plus ddI plus d4T plus HU placebo. Arm B: IDV plus ddI plus d4T plus HU. Arm C: IDV plus 3TC/ZDV (or d4T plus 3TC). Patients are monitored every 8 weeks with plasma HIV RNA levels and CD4 cell counts.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

You may be eligible for this study if you:

  • Are 13 years or older.
  • Have documented HIV-1 infection.
  • Are currently receiving combined IDV, ZDV(or D4T), and 3TC for at least 6 consecutive months, resulting in HIV RNA less than 200 copies/ml and CD4 cell count greater than 200 cells/mm3.
  • Had a CD4 count greater than 100 cells/mm3 before starting current anti-HIV therapy.
  • Are of childbearing age and agree to practice abstinence or use of combined barrier and hormonal methods of birth control during and for 3 months after the study.

Exclusion Criteria

You will not be eligible for this study if you:

  • Have taken various medications and have various laboratory results (see technical abstract).
  • Have cancer requiring chemotherapy.
  • Have an unexplained fever for 7 days or diarrhea for 15 days in the month before the start of the study.
  • Had prior peripheral neuropathy or hepatitis.
  • Recently underwent radiation, experimental, or infection therapy.
  • Are pregnant or breastfeeding.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000916

  Show 34 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Havlir D; Richman D
Study Chair: Collier A
Study Chair: Hirsch M
Study Chair: Tebas P
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000916     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A5025, 10873, ACTG A5025
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: May 17, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Hydroxyurea
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Hydroxyurea
Lamivudine
Zidovudine
Lamivudine, zidovudine drug combination
Indinavir
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Antisickling Agents
Hematologic Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-HIV Agents
Antimetabolites

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014