Now Available for Public Comment: Notice of Proposed Rulemaking (NPRM) for FDAAA 801 and NIH Draft Reporting Policy for NIH-Funded Trials

A Study to Compare Two Anti-HIV Combination Therapies Each Containing Saquinavir in HIV-Positive Children

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000913
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 26, 2012
Last verified: March 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this study is to determine the safety and effectiveness of a soft-gel capsule formulation of saquinavir (SQV-SGC), a protease inhibitor, when given in combination with other anti-HIV drugs.

SQV-SGC has been tested in adults for the treatment of HIV infection, but more information is still needed about SQV-SGC in children. Recent studies suggest that this soft-gel capsule form may be safer and more effective than other protease inhibitors.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Ritonavir
Drug: Nelfinavir mesylate
Drug: Saquinavir
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized Trial of Two Saquinavir-Containing Combination Treatment Regimens in Children With HIV Infection

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 50
Study Completion Date: April 2001
Detailed Description:

Clinical trials in adults and children suggest that SQV-SGC has advantages over other protease inhibitors in terms of tolerability, safety, and effectiveness in patients who have failed therapy with other protease inhibitors. [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/24/99: Pharmacokinetic data from this study demonstrate lower than expected plasma SQV exposures, particularly in Arm 1. Based on these data, patients in the study will be offered the opportunity to adjust their doses. Ritonavir added to the Arm 1 regimen is expected to significantly increase SQV-SGC plasma levels and allow twice-daily dosing for SQV-SGC.]

Patients are randomized to one of two study arms. Patients in Arm 1 receive SQV-SGC plus two [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/24/99: one or two] NRTIs of choice. Patients in Arm 2 receive SQV-SGC plus NFV plus one or two NRTIs of choice. All participants are evaluated by physical examinations and laboratory tests during the study and are followed for incidence of death, cancer, or fetal abnormality. NRTIs are not provided as part of this study. [AS PER AMENDMENT 11/24/99: This study is closed to accrual. All subjects on follow-up (Cohort 1) are given the option of either discontinuing participation in ACTG 397 or participating in the next phase of the study (version 2.0). Those electing to continue participation constitute Cohort 1A. The adjusted Arm 1 regimen consists of SQV-SGC plus ritonavir plus one or two NRTIs. Ritonavir is not provided as part of this study. The Arm 2 regimen study drugs have not changed but the maximum allowable dose of SQV-SGC has increased from 1,200 mg twice-daily to 1,600 mg twice-daily. Participants continue to be followed with physical examinations and laboratory evaluations that include an intensive pharmacokinetics study on Day 14 of the new regimen.]

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   3 Years to 16 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Your child may be eligible for this study if he or she:

  • Is HIV-positive.
  • Is 3 to 16 years of age (consent of parent or guardian is required).
  • Has an HIV level greater than 10,000 copies/ml.
  • Has never taken at least one of the following anti-HIV drugs: lamivudine, zidovudine, stavudine, or didanosine.
  • Is able to swallow capsules and tablets.

Exclusion Criteria

Your child will not be eligible if he or she:

  • Has cancer requiring chemotherapy.
  • Has an acute opportunistic (AIDS-related) infection requiring therapy.
  • Has had two or more episodes of moderate or severe diarrhea or vomiting in the 3 months prior to study entry.
  • Has ever taken SQV or NFV.
  • Is pregnant or breast-feeding.
  • Is taking certain medications, including those that would interfere with the study drugs.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000913

  Show 36 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Mark Kline
Study Chair: Courtney Fletcher
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Brundage RC, Kline MW, Lindsey J, Fenton T, Fletcher CV. Pharmacokinetics of saquinavir (SQV) with nelfinavir (NFV) or ritonavir (RTV) in HIV-infected children. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 728)
Kline MW, Fletcher CV, Lindsey JC, Fenton T. A randomized trial of two saquinavir (SQV-SGC)-containing combination treatment regimens in HIV-infected children. 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. 2000 Jan 30-Feb 2 [Poster 694]
Kline MW, Fletcher CV, Lindsey JC, Fenton T. A randomized trial of combination therapy with saquinavir soft gelatin capsules (SQV) in HIV-infected children. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 683)
Brundage RC, Kline MW, Lindsey JC, Fenton T, Fletcher CV. Pharmacokinetics (PK) of saquinavir (SQV) and nelfinavir (NFV) in a twice-daily (BID) regimen in HIV-infected children. 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. 2000 Jan 30-Feb 2 [Poster 718]

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000913     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 397, 11353
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: March 26, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Saquinavir
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Communicable Diseases
HIV Infections
Infection
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Nelfinavir
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Saquinavir
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
HIV Protease Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Protease Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on November 25, 2014