Immunologic and Virologic Consequences of Long-Term Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Subjects With Moderately Advanced HIV-1 Disease: A Follow-Up Study to ACTG 315

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000891
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 16, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

To evaluate the relationship between viral suppression and changes in immune function, as measured by the restoration of delayed-type hypersensitivity (DTH) and lymphoproliferative (LP) responses, observed after 48 weeks of treatment with highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART) in ACTG 315. To evaluate the durability of the antiviral and immunologic effects of long-term treatment with HAART.

Given the extensive immunologic and virologic data available from ACTG 315, follow-up studies of this advanced-disease population are indicated to primarily ascertain the impact of long-term suppression of viral replication on immunologic reconstitution or re-education and the durability of the antiviral effects of HAART.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Ritonavir
Drug: Saquinavir
Drug: Delavirdine mesylate
Drug: Lamivudine
Drug: Stavudine
Drug: Zidovudine
Drug: Didanosine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immunologic and Virologic Consequences of Long-Term Highly Active Antiretroviral Therapy (HAART) in Subjects With Moderately Advanced HIV-1 Disease: A Follow-Up Study to ACTG 315

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 34
Study Completion Date: May 2004
Detailed Description:

Given the extensive immunologic and virologic data available from ACTG 315, follow-up studies of this advanced-disease population are indicated to primarily ascertain the impact of long-term suppression of viral replication on immunologic reconstitution or re-education and the durability of the antiviral effects of HAART.

Patients continue their current ACTG 315 regimen of zidovudine plus lamivudine plus ritonavir in an open-label fashion while undergoing 6 weeks of extensive evaluations. Treatment decisions are based on baseline viral load (mean of 2 viral load measurements taken during 6-week evaluations). Patients with HIV-1 RNA less than 100 copies/ml continue the ACTG 315 regimen. Patients with HIV-1 RNA 100-3000 copies/ml may continue the ACTG 315 regimen or initiate a new HAART regimen selected by the local investigator or primary care physician. Patients with HIV-1 RNA greater than 3000 copies/ml initiate a new HAART regimen selected by the local investigator or primary care physician. [AS PER AMENDMENT 4/10/00: Changes to regimens must be done in consultation with the study team. The team acknowledges that a viable regimen may not be available for a given patient when the plasma HIV RNA level is above 3,000 copies/ml. In this case, patients may remain on their failing regimen with evaluation every 8 weeks until a viable regimen becomes available to them.] All patients are required to maintain a HAART regimen that contains at least 3 drugs, 1 of which is a protease inhibitor. [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01: All patients are required to maintain a HAART regimen that is approved by the protocol chairs.] Zidovudine (ZDV), lamivudine (3TC), stavudine (d4T), didanosine (ddI), delavirdine (DLV), ritonavir (RTV), and saquinavir soft gel capsules (SQV sgc) are provided on-study. [AS PER AMENDMENT 9/19/00: ZDV, 3TC, 3TC/ZDV combination tablet, d4T, ddI, DLV, RTV, and SQV sgc will be supplied by the protocol for 182 weeks.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01: The following antiretroviral medications will be supplied by the protocol for Steps 1 and 2: ZDV, 3TC, 3TC/ZDV combination tablet, d4T, ddI, DLV, RTV, and SQV sgc.] Therapy is continued for 54 weeks. [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/6/98: The initial 54-week trial is followed by an additional 2 years of long-term evaluation. Also per this amendment, protocol therapy is initiated at Week 6.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 9/19/00: The initial 54-week trial is followed by an additional 2.5 years of long-term evaluation.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01: Step 1 has an initial 54 weeks of treatment followed by 140 weeks of long-term follow-up. Step 2 has an additional 36 weeks of long-term follow-up. Patients who complete the final visit on Step 2 (Week 230) should return to the clinic 4 weeks after receiving the last dose of study-provided medication to complete the final evaluations.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 10/6/98: Patients may co-enroll in an immunology substudy.] [AS PER AMENDMENT 6/11/99: The immunology substudy is being piloted in 3 to 4 volunteers and may not proceed until the feasibility of the pilot project is reviewed.]

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   16 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Protocol Chair-approved antiretroviral medications or research study treatment for an HIV complication.
  • Treatment, maintenance, or chemoprophylaxis with approved medications for opportunistic infections.
  • Antibiotics.
  • Recombinant erythropoietin (rEPO) and granulocyte colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF, filgrastim).
  • Regularly prescribed medications, such as antipyretics, analgesics, allergy medications, antidepressants, sleep medications, oral contraceptives (not as a sole form of birth control), megestrol acetate, testosterone, or any other medication not explicitly excluded.
  • Alternative therapies such as vitamins, acupuncture, and visualization techniques.

Patients must have:

  • HIV-positive status.
  • Completion of 48 weeks of study treatment in ACTG 315 and maintenance in this regimen (on-study) until enrollment in this study.
  • Signed, informed consent from parent or legal guardian for patients less than 18 years of age.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following conditions and symptoms are excluded:

  • Documented or suspected pancreatitis or hepatitis within 2 weeks prior to study entry.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Immunomodulators that affect immunologic or virologic indices (e.g., systemic corticosteroids, thalidomide, cytokines).
  • Ketoconazole, rifampin, and rifabutin.
  • Amiodarone, astemizole, bepridil, bupropion, cisapride, clozapine, dihydroergotamine, encainide, ergotamine, flecainide, meperidine, pimozide, piroxicam, propafenone, propoxyphene, quinidine, terfenadine, alprazolam, clorazepate, diazepam, estazolam, flurazepam, midazolam, triazolam, zolpidem, phenytoin, phenobarbital, and carbamazepine.

[AS PER AMENDMENT 3/5/01:

  • Lovastatin and simvastatin.

Excluded for patients who are pregnant:

  • ddI or d4T.]

Avoided:

  • Herbal medications.

    [2. AS PER AMENDMENT 4/10/00:

  • Use of ddI is contraindicated in patients who have serum amylase or lipase values over 1.5 times the ULN (Upper Limit of Normal), fasting triglycerides of 100 mg/dl or more, or a history of pancreatitis. Use ddI with extreme caution and only if clinically indicated in patients with known risk factors. Refer to package insert for more information.]

Concurrent Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Systemic cytotoxic chemotherapy.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Any antiretroviral medications other than the zidovudine, lamivudine, and ritonavir supplied in ACTG 315 or alternative antiretrovirals not approved by protocol chairs, 48 weeks prior to study entry.
  • Immunomodulatory therapies within 30 days prior to study entry.

Required:

Zidovudine (200 mg tid or 300 mg bid) plus lamivudine (150 mg bid) plus ritonavir (500 or 600 mg bid, or 300 mg tid) for 48 weeks in ACTG 315.

Active substance or alcohol abuse or dependence that would interfere with adherence to study requirements.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000891

Locations
United States, Colorado
Univ of Colorado Health Sciences Ctr
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80262
United States, Illinois
Rush Presbyterian - Saint Luke's Med Ctr
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60612
United States, Ohio
Case Western Reserve Univ
Cleveland, Ohio, United States, 44106
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Hernan Valdez
Study Chair: Kimberly Smith
Study Chair: Michael Lederman
Study Chair: Harold Kessler
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Valdez H, Connick E, Lederman M, Smith K, Fox L, St. T-lymphocyte changes after 3 years of controlled viral replication. Clair M, Bosch R, Kim R, Blanchard M, Landay A. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 372)
Valdez H, Smith K, Lederman M, Landay A, Kessler H, Connick E, Kuritzkes D, Spritzler J, Fox L, Roe J, Lederman H, Lederman MB, Evans T. Response to immunization with recall and neoantigens after 48 weeks of HAART. Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1999 Jan 31-Feb 4;6th:130 (abstract no 329)
Smith KY, Valdez H, Landay A, Connick E, Gross B, Wade M, Lederman M. Correlations between immunologic indices and thymic mass in HIV infected patients following 48 weeks of therapy with zidovudine, lamivudine and ritonavir (ZLR). Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:264 (abstract no 21129)

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000891     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 375, Substudy ACTG A5002s, 11336
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: May 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Drug Therapy, Combination
Hypersensitivity, Delayed
Follow-Up Studies
Anti-HIV Agents
Viral Load

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
Immune System Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Slow Virus Diseases
Virus Diseases
Delavirdine
Anti-HIV Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on October 20, 2014