A Phase I Safety and Immunogenicity Trial of Live Recombinant Canarypox ALVAC-HIV (vCP205) and HIV-1 SF-2 rgp120 in HIV-1 Uninfected Adult Volunteers

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000847
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: May 16, 2012
Last verified: May 2012
  Purpose

To evaluate the safety and immunogenicity of high-titered ALVAC-HIV MN120TMG (vCP205) given sequentially or simultaneously with rgp120/HIV-1SF2 in MF59 adjuvant emulsion in HIV-negative volunteers.

ALVAC-HIV vCP205 is a second-generation candidate vaccine that can be used to induce a humoral and cellular response against several antigens. vCP205 expresses proteins from two strains of HIV (MN and LAI). rgp120/HIV-1SF2 expresses proteins from a different strain of HIV. This study will help to show how the immune system responds to proteins from more than one strain of virus.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Biological: ALVAC-HIV MN120TMG (vCP205)
Biological: ALVAC-RG Rabies Glycoprotein (vCP65)
Biological: rgp120/HIV-1 SF-2
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Prevention
Official Title: A Phase I Safety and Immunogenicity Trial of Live Recombinant Canarypox ALVAC-HIV (vCP205) and HIV-1 SF-2 rgp120 in HIV-1 Uninfected Adult Volunteers

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 150
Study Completion Date: May 1999
Detailed Description:

ALVAC-HIV vCP205 is a second-generation candidate vaccine that can be used to induce a humoral and cellular response against several antigens. vCP205 expresses proteins from two strains of HIV (MN and LAI). rgp120/HIV-1SF2 expresses proteins from a different strain of HIV. This study will help to show how the immune system responds to proteins from more than one strain of virus.

Six groups of 25 volunteers each are randomized to receive simultaneous or sequential doses of ALVAC-HIV vCP205 and SF2 rgp120 or control vaccines (ALVAC-RG rabies glycoprotein vCP65 or BIOCINE Placebo Vaccine 2). In each group, 21 volunteers receive vaccine and 4 receive control vaccines. Volunteers are stratified by lower or higher risk sexual behavior. Immunizations are given to three groups at months 0, 1, 3, 6, 9, and 12, and to the other three groups at months 0, 1, 6, 9, and 12. Volunteers are followed for 24 months.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   Yes
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Volunteers must have:

  • Normal history and physical exam.
  • Negative ELISA and Western blot for HIV.
  • CD4 count >= 400 cells/mm3.
  • Normal urine dipstick with esterase and nitrite.

NOTE:

  • No more than 10 percent of volunteers in each stratum may be over age 50.

Risk Behavior:

Allowed for volunteers stratified to the higher risk stratum:

High risk behavior for HIV infection, such as

  • injection drug use within the past 12 months.
  • higher or intermediate risk sexual behavior.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Subjects with the following symptoms or conditions are excluded:

  • Positive hepatitis B surface antigen.
  • Medical or psychiatric condition (such as recent suicidal ideation or present psychosis) that precludes compliance.
  • Occupational responsibilities that preclude compliance.
  • Active syphilis. NOTE: Subjects with serology documented to be a false positive or due to a remote (> 6 months) treated infection are eligible.
  • Active tuberculosis. NOTE: Subjects with a positive PPD and a normal chest x-ray showing no evidence of TB and not requiring isoniazid therapy are eligible.
  • Allergy to egg products or neomycin.
  • Occupational exposure to birds.

Subjects with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • History of immunodeficiency, chronic illness, autoimmune disease, or use of immunosuppressive medications.
  • History of anaphylaxis or other serious adverse reactions to vaccines.
  • Prior immunization against rabies.
  • History of serious allergic reaction to any substance, requiring hospitalization or emergent medical care (e.g., Stevens-Johnson syndrome, bronchospasm, or hypotension).
  • Prior psychiatric condition (such as history of suicide attempts or past psychosis) that precludes compliance.
  • History of cancer unless there has been surgical excision that is considered to have achieved cure.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Live attenuated vaccines within 60 days prior to study entry. NOTE: Medically indicated killed or subunit vaccines (e.g., influenza, pneumococcal) do not exclude if administered at least 2 weeks from HIV immunizations.
  • Experimental agents within 30 days prior to study entry.
  • Prior HIV vaccines.
  • Prior rabies immunization.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded:

  • Blood products or immunoglobulin within the past 6 months.

For volunteers stratified to the lower risk stratum:

High risk behavior for HIV infection, such as

  • injection drug use within the past 12 months.
  • higher or intermediate risk sexual behavior.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000847

Locations
United States, Alabama
UAB AVEG
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, Maryland
JHU AVEG
Baltimore, Maryland, United States
United States, Missouri
St. Louis Univ. School of Medicine AVEG
St Louis, Missouri, United States, 63104
United States, New York
Univ. of Rochester AVEG
Rochester, New York, United States, 14642
United States, Tennessee
Vanderbilt Univ. Hosp. AVEG
Nashville, Tennessee, United States, 37232
United States, Washington
UW - Seattle AVEG
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98144
Sponsors and Collaborators
Investigators
Study Chair: Corey L
  More Information

Publications:
Corey L, Weinhold K, Montefiori D, McElrath J, Excler JL, Duliege AM, Stablein D. Combination candidate HIV vaccines using a canarypox vector (vCP205) followed by boosting with gp120(SF-2). Conf Retroviruses Opportunistic Infect. 1997 Jan 22-26;4th:209 (abstract no LB18)
Evans T, Corey L, Clements-Mann ML, Weinhold K, Belshe RB, Excler JL, Duliege AM. CD8+ CTL induced in AIDS vaccine evaluation group phase I trials using canarypox vectors (ALVAC) encoding multiple HIV gene products (vCP125, vCP205, vCP300) given with or without subunit boost. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:277 (abstract no 495/21192)
Corey L, Weinhold K, Montefiori D, Stablein D. CTL and neutralizing antibody responses with a combination HIV-1 vaccine regimen. Int Conf AIDS. 1998;12:636 (abstract no 33221)
Kaslow RA, Rivers C, Goepfert P, Tang J, El Habib R, Weinhold K, Mulligan MJ. Association of HLA class I alleles with cytotoxic T-lymphocyte (CTL) responses to gag and env in recipients of ALVAC-HIV canarypox vaccines. 7th Conference on Retroviruses and Opportunistic Infections. 2000 Jan 30-Feb 2 [Poster 818]
Bender TJ, Tang J, Rivers C, Mulligan MJ, Kaslow RA. Grouping by HLA class I supertype does not enhance HLA associations with CTL responses to ALVAC-HIV canarypox vaccine components. 8th Conf Retro and Opportun Infect. 2001 Feb 4-8 (abstract no 193)

Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000847     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: AVEG 022A, 10573
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: May 16, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Vaccines, Synthetic
HIV Envelope Protein gp120
AIDS Vaccines
HIV Seronegativity
Avipoxvirus
HIV Preventive Vaccine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Krestin
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antibiotics, Antineoplastic
Antineoplastic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Interferon Inducers
Radiation-Protective Agents
Protective Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014