A Randomized, Prospective, Double-Blind Study Comparing Fluconazole With Placebo for Primary and Secondary Prophylaxis of Mucosal Candidiasis in HIV-Infected Women

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Pfizer
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000744
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: September 28, 2013
Last verified: September 2013
  Purpose

To compare the efficacy of fluconazole versus placebo for the prevention of Candida esophagitis and vaginal/oropharyngeal candidiasis, including a comparison of the development of clinical resistance.

Fluconazole has been shown to be effective in preventing or suppressing candidiasis in HIV-negative women. An increasing likelihood of oral and esophageal candidiasis in conjunction with progressive immunosuppression raises the question of the potential role of prophylactic antifungal therapy in high-risk persons.


Condition Intervention
Candidiasis
Candidiasis, Esophageal
HIV Infections
Drug: Fluconazole

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Prospective, Double-Blind Study Comparing Fluconazole With Placebo for Primary and Secondary Prophylaxis of Mucosal Candidiasis in HIV-Infected Women

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 400
Study Completion Date: December 1995
Detailed Description:

Fluconazole has been shown to be effective in preventing or suppressing candidiasis in HIV-negative women. An increasing likelihood of oral and esophageal candidiasis in conjunction with progressive immunosuppression raises the question of the potential role of prophylactic antifungal therapy in high-risk persons.

Four hundred HIV-infected women are randomized to receive fluconazole or placebo weekly for up to 2 years. Patients undergo follow-up every 3 months or more often if signs and symptoms of mucosal candidiasis occur.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must have:

  • Evidence of HIV infection.
  • CD4+ count <= 300 cells/mm3 or <= 20 percent of total lymphocyte count.
  • Reasonably good health with a life expectancy of at least 6 months.
  • Pelvic exam including Pap smear or colposcopy performed within the past 90 days.

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Topical or systemic treatment or prophylaxis with an antifungal agent.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following symptoms and conditions are excluded:

  • Current diagnosis of Candida esophagitis.
  • Known intolerance to azoles.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Systemic treatment or prophylaxis with an antifungal agent.

Patients with the following prior conditions are excluded:

  • Past history of Candida esophagitis.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000744

Locations
United States, California
Community Consortium of San Francisco
San Francisco, California, United States, 94110
United States, Colorado
Denver CPCRA / Denver Public Hlth
Denver, Colorado, United States, 80204
United States, Delaware
Wilmington Hosp / Med Ctr of Delaware
Wilmington, Delaware, United States, 19899
United States, District of Columbia
Veterans Administration Med Ctr / Regional AIDS Program
Washington, District of Columbia, United States, 20422
United States, Georgia
AIDS Research Consortium of Atlanta
Atlanta, Georgia, United States, 30308
United States, Illinois
AIDS Research Alliance - Chicago
Chicago, Illinois, United States, 60657
United States, Louisiana
Louisiana Comm AIDS Rsch Prog / Tulane Univ Med
New Orleans, Louisiana, United States, 70112
United States, Michigan
Henry Ford Hosp
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48202
Comprehensive AIDS Alliance of Detroit
Detroit, Michigan, United States, 48201
United States, New Jersey
North Jersey Community Research Initiative
Newark, New Jersey, United States, 07103
United States, New York
Bronx Lebanon Hosp Ctr
Bronx, New York, United States, 10456
Addiction Research and Treatment Corp
Brooklyn, New York, United States, 11201
Harlem AIDS Treatment Group / Harlem Hosp Ctr
New York, New York, United States, 10037
Clinical Directors Network of Region II
New York, New York, United States, 10011
United States, Oregon
Portland Veterans Adm Med Ctr / Rsch & Education Grp
Portland, Oregon, United States, 97210
United States, Virginia
Richmond AIDS Consortium
Richmond, Virginia, United States, 23298
Sponsors and Collaborators
Pfizer
Investigators
Study Chair: P Schuman
Study Chair: L Capps
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Responsible Party: National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000744     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CPCRA 010, 11562
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: September 28, 2013
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Fluconazole
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
AIDS-Related Complex
Candidiasis

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Candidiasis
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Mycoses
Fluconazole
Antifungal Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
14-alpha Demethylase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 18, 2014