A Phase I Study of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Recombinant Human CD4 Immunoglobulin (rCd4-IgG) Administered by Intravenous Bolus in Patients With AIDS and AIDS Related Complex

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Genentech
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000675
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: June 23, 2005
Last verified: January 1991
  Purpose

To study the safety and pharmacokinetics (blood levels) of recombinant human CD4 immunoglobulin (rCd4-IgG) in patients with AIDS or AIDS related complex (ARC) who have failed or declined therapy with zidovudine (AZT). An additional goal of the study is to obtain a preliminary indication of the antiviral effects of Cd4-IgG in patients with AIDS or ARC.

Other approaches in addition to existing treatment of HIV infection need to be evaluated. One approach may be to block HIV infection by interrupting the assembly of the virus within the cell or the budding of virus from the membrane of the infected cell. In addition, blocking the attachment of HIV to its cellular receptor may offer another point of attack. HIV binds to the CD4 receptor on the target T4 lymphocyte and the envelope glycoprotein of the virus (gp120) is capable of high affinity binding to CD4. Any agent that prevents the attachment of gp120 to the CD4 receptor should be able to block virus transmission and spread. Recently, scientists have succeeded in producing highly purified recombinant soluble human CD4. Recombinant CD4 is capable of binding to HIV envelope protein (gp120) and inhibiting HIV infectivity in test tube studies. Potential therapeutic benefit in patients with HIV infection could be derived from either or both of these biologic effects. In order to extend the length of time that rCD4 stays in the body, the compound has been modified by combining it with a human immunoglobulin of the IgG1 class (IgG).


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: CD4-IgG
Phase 1

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase I Study of the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of Recombinant Human CD4 Immunoglobulin (rCd4-IgG) Administered by Intravenous Bolus in Patients With AIDS and AIDS Related Complex

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 60
Detailed Description:

Other approaches in addition to existing treatment of HIV infection need to be evaluated. One approach may be to block HIV infection by interrupting the assembly of the virus within the cell or the budding of virus from the membrane of the infected cell. In addition, blocking the attachment of HIV to its cellular receptor may offer another point of attack. HIV binds to the CD4 receptor on the target T4 lymphocyte and the envelope glycoprotein of the virus (gp120) is capable of high affinity binding to CD4. Any agent that prevents the attachment of gp120 to the CD4 receptor should be able to block virus transmission and spread. Recently, scientists have succeeded in producing highly purified recombinant soluble human CD4. Recombinant CD4 is capable of binding to HIV envelope protein (gp120) and inhibiting HIV infectivity in test tube studies. Potential therapeutic benefit in patients with HIV infection could be derived from either or both of these biologic effects. In order to extend the length of time that rCD4 stays in the body, the compound has been modified by combining it with a human immunoglobulin of the IgG1 class (IgG).

Each patient receives rCd4-IgG at a fixed dose level once weekly by intravenous bolus for 12 weeks. Four patients (two per center) are entered at each dose level starting with the lowest dose. Dose escalation proceeds until a maximum tolerated dose (MTD) is defined. AMENDED: Includes, as of 891201, an ancillary study entitled "A Study of Recombinant CD4-Immunoglobulin G (CD4-IgG) Levels in Cerebral Spinal Fluid after rCD4-IgG is Administered by Intravenous Bolus in Patients With AIDS and AIDS-Related Complex". This involves selected patients, at the discretion of the Investigator. AMENDED: 900110 To increase the dose and frequency of administration of rCD4-IgG, based on preliminary results of pharmacokinetic analyses from Phase I studies in humans. Each patient receives rCD4-IgG therapy at a fixed dose level 1x, 2x, or 3x weekly by intravenous bolus for 12 weeks. Follow-up is extended to 8 weeks. Total target accrual is 25 - 28 weeks. AMENDED: 900824 Extension of the Phase I study of the safety and efficacy of CD4-IgG in patients with HIV infection. Each patient receives one of two fixed doses by IV bolus injection twice per week for 12 weeks. 20 to 30 patients to be enrolled. Pharmacokinetics will be evaluated. Clinical safety and antiviral effects will be assayed.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Patients must fulfill the following criteria:

  • Diagnosis of AIDS or AIDS-related complex, according to CDC criteria, in previously documented HIV seropositive individuals.
  • Failure to tolerate or respond to zidovudine (AZT) therapy for HIV infection or a decision to decline such therapy.
  • Willingness to abstain from all other experimental therapy for HIV infection during study period.
  • Life expectancy of at least 3 months.
  • Patients must be able to sign a written informed consent form.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Serious active opportunistic infection or malignancies not specifically allowed.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Oral or intravenous acyclovir for herpes.
  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • Interferon.
  • Corticosteroids.
  • Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory agents (NSAIDS).
  • Intravenous acyclovir.
  • Other known immunomodulatory agents.
  • Other experimental therapy.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Serious active opportunistic infection or malignancies not specifically allowed.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Zidovudine (AZT).
  • Chemotherapy.
  • Immunomodulatory agents.
  • Other experimental therapy.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000675

Locations
United States, California
Stanford Univ School of Medicine
Stanford, California, United States, 94305
United States, Washington
Univ of Washington
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98105
Sponsors and Collaborators
Genentech
Investigators
Study Chair: L Corey
Study Chair: A Collier
  More Information

Publications:
Collier A, Katzenstein D, Coombs R, Holodniy M, Mordenti J, Arditti D, Ammann A, Merigan T, Corey L. Safety and pharmacokinetics of intravenous recombinant CD4 immunoadhesin (RCD4-IGG) (AIDS Clinical Trials Group Protocol 121). Int Conf AIDS. 1990 Jun 20-23;6(3):206 (abstract no SB480)

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000675     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 121, DO136g
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: June 23, 2005
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Recombinant Proteins
IgG
Drug Evaluation
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Antigens, CD4
AIDS-Related Complex
Carrier Proteins

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
HIV Infections
AIDS-Related Complex
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Immunoglobulin G
Immunoglobulins
Antibodies
CD4 Immunoadhesins
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014