A Phase II Efficacy Study Comparing 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine (ddI) (BMY-40900) and Zidovudine Therapy of Patients With HIV Infection Who Have Been on Long Term Zidovudine Treatment

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000671
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: March 11, 2011
Last verified: August 1992
  Purpose

To compare the effectiveness and toxicity of didanosine (ddI) and zidovudine (AZT) in patients with AIDS or advanced AIDS-related complex (ARC) who have tolerated AZT therapy for 12 months or longer. Per amendment, asymptomatic patients with CD4 counts less than 200 cells/mm3 are eligible.

AZT is effective in reducing mortality in patients with AIDS who receive the drug after the first episode of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and in patients with advanced ARC. However, AZT therapy has been associated with significant toxicities. In addition, the effectiveness of AZT appears to decrease during the second and third years of therapy. For these reasons, the development of alternative therapy that would be at least as effective but less toxic is of great importance. The drug ddI is an antiviral agent that inhibits replication of HIV with less apparent toxicity than AZT. Studies indicate that ddI remains active in the body for at least 12 hours; thus benefits of ddI might be achieved with a low frequency of drug administration.


Condition Intervention Phase
HIV Infections
Drug: Zidovudine
Drug: Didanosine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Masking: Double-Blind
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Efficacy Study Comparing 2',3'-Dideoxyinosine (ddI) (BMY-40900) and Zidovudine Therapy of Patients With HIV Infection Who Have Been on Long Term Zidovudine Treatment

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 750
Primary Completion Date: March 1992 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Detailed Description:

AZT is effective in reducing mortality in patients with AIDS who receive the drug after the first episode of Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) and in patients with advanced ARC. However, AZT therapy has been associated with significant toxicities. In addition, the effectiveness of AZT appears to decrease during the second and third years of therapy. For these reasons, the development of alternative therapy that would be at least as effective but less toxic is of great importance. The drug ddI is an antiviral agent that inhibits replication of HIV with less apparent toxicity than AZT. Studies indicate that ddI remains active in the body for at least 12 hours; thus benefits of ddI might be achieved with a low frequency of drug administration.

Two dose levels of ddI, each adjusted depending on patient's weight at study entry, are compared with a variable dosage regimen of AZT (the dose which the patient is tolerating at the time of study entry). Randomization is stratified by baseline CD4 cell count (less than 100 or 100-300) and Medical Center. This study continues for at least 12 months after the entry of the first subject. Patients randomized to AZT will receive orally. All patients randomized to AZT also receive a ddI placebo at 12 hour intervals. Patients randomized to ddI receive AZT placebo.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   12 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Required:

  • Aerosolized pentamidine (300 mg every 4 weeks).

Allowed:

  • Chronic suppressive treatment for toxoplasmosis, Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP), cryptococcal meningitis, herpes simplex virus infection.
  • Ganciclovir for patients developing cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection while in study.
  • Erythropoietin for patients under the relevant treatment IND.
  • Treatment of opportunistic infections with other than sulfonamide-containing regimens.
  • Aspirin, acetaminophen, or non-steroidal anti-inflammatory agents is discouraged, but is permitted for as short a period of time as possible.
  • Chronic use of trimethoprim - sulfamethoxazole or other sulfonamide preparations is not encouraged while on study.

Patients must:

  • Have had the diagnosis of AIDS or advanced AIDS related complex (ARC).
  • Have received AZT therapy for at least 12 months, with a minimal daily dose of 500 mg/day and with no more than 60 days off AZT therapy within the 12 month period; medical records with documentation of AZT dosing must be provided.
  • Provide informed consent (guardian as appropriate).
  • Be available for follow-up for at least 6 months.
  • Have the inclusion laboratory values within approximately 14 days of initiating therapy (except for CD4 cell counts).
  • Patients whose AIDS-defining condition is Kaposi's sarcoma alone must have CD4 cell counts < 300 cells/mm3.

Allowed:

  • Positive blood culture for Mycobacterium avium or Cytomegalovirus.
  • Prior history of toxoplasmosis, Herpes simplex, Cryptococcus, or Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) requiring chronic suppressive therapy.
  • Occasional premature atrial or ventricular contractions.

Prior Medication:

Required:

  • Zidovudine (AZT) therapy for at least 12 months, with a minimal daily dose of 500 mg/day, and with no more than 60 days off AZT therapy within the 12-month period (documentation of AZT dosing must be provided).

Allowed:

  • Intralesional agents.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Psychological or emotional problems sufficient, in the investigator's opinion, to prevent adequate compliance with study therapy.
  • AIDS-dementia complex = or > stage 2.
  • Active AIDS defining opportunistic infections not specifically allowed.
  • Intractable diarrhea.
  • Grade 2 neuropathy, based on the Neuropathy Targeted Symptom Questionnaire, or any moderate abnormality indicative of peripheral neuropathy, particularly impaired sensation of sharp pain, light touch, or vibration in the lower extremities, distal extremity weakness, or distal extremity hyperreflexia.
  • Prior history of acute pancreatitis within past 2 years or chronic pancreatitis.
  • History of seizures within past 2 years or currently requiring anticonvulsants for control.
  • History of past or current heart disease.
  • Malignancy likely in the investigator's opinion to require cytotoxic chemotherapy during the expected course of this trial.
  • Life expectancy < 3 months.

Concurrent Medication:

Excluded:

  • Isoniazid (INH). Neurotoxic drugs. Oral acidifying agents.

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • Psychological or emotional problems sufficient, in the investigator's opinion, to prevent adequate compliance with study therapy.
  • AIDS-dementia complex = or > stage 2.
  • Active AIDS defining opportunistic infections not specifically allowed.
  • Intractable diarrhea.
  • Prior history of acute pancreatitis within past 2 years or chronic pancreatitis.
  • History of seizures within past 2 years or currently requiring anticonvulsants for control.
  • History of past or current heart disease.
  • Malignancy likely in the investigator's opinion to require cytotoxic chemotherapy during the expected course of this trial.
  • Life expectancy = or < 3 months.
  • Previous participation in any study of ddI, ddC or d4T.

Prior Medication:

Excluded:

  • Ganciclovir (DHPG).
  • Excluded within 1 month of study entry:
  • ddI and any other antiretroviral drug or investigational anti-HIV agent except for zidovudine (AZT).

Interferons.

  • Immunomodulating drugs.
  • Cytotoxic agents not specifically allowed.
  • Neurotoxic drugs.

Excluded within 3 months of study entry:

  • Ribavirin.

Prior Treatment:

Excluded within 14 days of study randomization:

  • Blood transfusion.

Active alcohol or drug abuse that is sufficient, in investigator's opinion, to prevent adequate compliance with study therapy.

  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000671

  Show 71 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bristol-Myers Squibb
Investigators
Study Chair: J Kahn
Study Chair: D Richman
  More Information

Additional Information:
Publications:
Kozal M, Winters M, Shafer R, Kroodsma K, Katzenstein D, Merigan T. Behavior of codon 74 and 215 pol gene mutations in 62 AZT experienced patients on ddI monotherapy. Natl Conf Hum Retroviruses Relat Infect (1st). 1993 Dec 12-16;55

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000671     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 117, 070V1, AI454-009
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: March 11, 2011
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
Didanosine
Zidovudine

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Didanosine
Zidovudine
Antimetabolites
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions
Reverse Transcriptase Inhibitors
Nucleic Acid Synthesis Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Anti-Retroviral Agents
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Anti-HIV Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 29, 2014