The Tolerance of HIV-Infected Patients With Herpes Group Virus Infections to Oral Doses of FIAU

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Oclassen Pharmaceuticals
Information provided by:
National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID)
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00000654
First received: November 2, 1999
Last updated: December 17, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

To determine the tolerance of HIV-infected patients to TID oral doses of FIAU syrup at 4 different dose levels. To determine the peak and trough blood levels of FIAU and its metabolites during two weeks of oral dosing with FIAU.

The pyrimidine nucleoside analog FIAC and its primary deaminated uracil metabolite FIAU are highly and specifically active compounds in vitro against several herpes group viruses, particularly herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2, varicella zoster (VZV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV), as well as hepatitis B virus (HBV). Since FIAU is the primary metabolite of FIAC and the administration of FIAU simplifies the metabolism of FIAC, it is anticipated from clinical studies of FIAC that FIAU will be tolerated at least as well as FIAC. A single-dose, pharmacokinetic (blood level) study showed that FIAC, when taken orally, is readily absorbed into the bloodstream, and most of it is converted to FIAU. Daily oral doses are expected to provide concentrations of FIAU exceeding the in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration for nearly all the herpes group viruses.


Condition Intervention Phase
Herpes Simplex
HIV Infections
Hepatitis B
Drug: Fialuridine
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Pharmacokinetics Study
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: The Tolerance of HIV-Infected Patients With Herpes Group Virus Infections to Oral Doses of FIAU

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):

Estimated Enrollment: 78
Study Completion Date: February 1993
Detailed Description:

The pyrimidine nucleoside analog FIAC and its primary deaminated uracil metabolite FIAU are highly and specifically active compounds in vitro against several herpes group viruses, particularly herpes simplex virus (HSV) types 1 and 2, varicella zoster (VZV), and cytomegalovirus (CMV), as well as hepatitis B virus (HBV). Since FIAU is the primary metabolite of FIAC and the administration of FIAU simplifies the metabolism of FIAC, it is anticipated from clinical studies of FIAC that FIAU will be tolerated at least as well as FIAC. A single-dose, pharmacokinetic (blood level) study showed that FIAC, when taken orally, is readily absorbed into the bloodstream, and most of it is converted to FIAU. Daily oral doses are expected to provide concentrations of FIAU exceeding the in vitro minimum inhibitory concentration for nearly all the herpes group viruses.

HIV-infected patients with Karnofsky scores at least 80 (with or without documented recurrent herpes group infections) are successively entered into consecutively studied, escalating dose cohorts. There are a total of 4 dose cohorts of FIAU and each patient takes the required amount of FIAU syrup every 8 hours, 1 hour prior to or 3 hours after meals, for a total of 14 days. Entry of new patients at the next higher dose is based on results of tolerance and safety data for prior cohort when all 10 have received 14 days of therapy and at least 7 have met all of the tolerance criteria. Although not formally randomized due to the sequential nature of the study and serious medical condition of the patients, every attempt to avoid bias in assigning a patient to a dose is made. Patients are entered starting with the first dose cohort. Upon meeting the enrollment and tolerance criteria for dose escalation, up to 5 patients with a history of chronic HBV infection and surface antigen positive at their screening visit are added to the end of each dose cohort. Plasma samples are taken to determine peak and trough levels of FIAU at Days 1, 3, 7, and 14 or at last visit. Patients with ongoing active infections are followed by culture (HSV, VZV and CMV) or test (HBV) at Days 1, 3, 7, and 14. Antiemetic therapy with Reglan, Compazine, and Trilafon is given concomitantly at the discretion of the investigator and tolerance determined with antiemetic therapy ongoing. Patients are advised to avoid heavy exercise within 24 hours of any laboratory tests.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   13 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria

Concurrent Medication:

Allowed:

  • Pentamidine aerosol for prophylaxis of recurrent Pneumocystis carinii pneumonia (PCP) in patients currently receiving such treatment.
  • Zidovudine (AZT).

Prior Medication:

Allowed:

  • Zidovudine (AZT) but only if patient has been taking the drug for > 6 weeks at a dose = or < 600 mg/day, and had < 10 percent decrease in hematocrit, neutrophils, and platelets in the last 30 days.

Patients must:

  • Have a diagnosis of HIV infection by ELISA or Western blot. Be able to participate as an outpatient.
  • Be ambulatory.
  • Have Grade 0 or 1 AIDS Clinical Trial Group toxicity grades for specified laboratory tests.
  • Be competent to sign informed consent.
  • Be able to cooperate with the treatment plan and evaluation schedule.

NOTE:

  • The screening tests must be initiated and completed within 4 weeks prior to the first dose of FIAU, except for diagnostic herpes simplex virus (HSV), varicella zoster (VZV), or cytomegalovirus (CMV) cultures which may have been done previously.
  • Concomitant diseases allowed:
  • Stable mucocutaneous disease.
  • Superficial or uncomplicated infections such as thrush.

Exclusion Criteria

Co-existing Condition:

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • HIV wasting syndrome (involuntary weight loss > 10 percent of baseline body weight and/or chronic diarrhea or weakness and documented fever for at least 30 days).
  • Clinical or x-ray evidence of bronchitis, pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, effusion, or suspected active tuberculosis.
  • Any unstable medical condition including serious infections or cardiovascular, oncologic, renal, or hepatic condition.
  • Primary or initial infection with herpes simplex (HSV), varicella zoster (VZV), or hepatitis B (HBV).
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) end organ disease.
  • Kaposi's sarcoma requiring chemotherapy.
  • Systemic fungal infection requiring amphotericin therapy.
  • Diagnosis of idiopathic thrombocytopenic purpura (persistent platelet counts < 100000 platelets/mm3 for = or > 3 months).

Patients with the following are excluded:

  • HIV wasting syndrome.
  • Clinical or x-ray evidence of bronchitis, pneumonitis, pulmonary edema, effusion, or suspected active tuberculosis.
  • Any unstable medical condition including serious cardiovascular, infections, oncologic, renal, or hepatic condition.
  • Primary or initial infection with herpes simplex (HSV), varicella zoster (VZV), or hepatitis B (HBV).
  • Cytomegalovirus (CMV) end organ disease.

Prior Medication:

Excluded within 4 weeks of study entry:

  • Ganciclovir (DHPG).
  • Foscarnet.
  • Interferon.
  • Other drug with putative antiviral activity (except zidovudine (AZT)).
  • Any immunostimulating drug not specifically allowed.

Excluded within 1 week of study entry:

  • Acyclovir.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00000654

Locations
United States, Alabama
Univ of Alabama at Birmingham
Birmingham, Alabama, United States, 35294
United States, California
Univ of California / San Diego Treatment Ctr
San Diego, California, United States, 921036325
United States, Maryland
Natl Institute of Health
Bethesda, Maryland, United States, 20892
United States, Washington
Univ of Washington / Madison Clinic
Seattle, Washington, United States, 98122
Sponsors and Collaborators
Oclassen Pharmaceuticals
Investigators
Study Chair: D Richman
  More Information

Publications:
Tartaglione T, Hooton TM, Jones T, Smiles K, Corey L. Actg 122: phase II tolerance study of oral FIAU in HIV-infected persons. Int Conf AIDS. 1991 Jun 16-21;7(2):254 (abstract no WB2290)

ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00000654     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: ACTG 122 FIAU, R90-001-01, 02, 03, 04
Study First Received: November 2, 1999
Last Updated: December 17, 2012
Health Authority: United States: Federal Government

Keywords provided by National Institute of Allergy and Infectious Diseases (NIAID):
AIDS-Related Opportunistic Infections
Pyrimidine Nucleosides
Herpesviridae Infections
Drug Evaluation
Antiviral Agents
Hepatitis B

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Acquired Immunodeficiency Syndrome
Hepatitis
Hepatitis A
Hepatitis B
Herpes Simplex
Virus Diseases
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Slow Virus Diseases
Liver Diseases
Digestive System Diseases
Hepatitis, Viral, Human
Enterovirus Infections
Picornaviridae Infections
Hepadnaviridae Infections
DNA Virus Infections
Herpesviridae Infections
Skin Diseases, Viral
Skin Diseases, Infectious
Skin Diseases
Fialuridine
Antiviral Agents
Anti-Infective Agents
Therapeutic Uses

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 20, 2014