Juvenile Offender HIV Prevention and Drug Abuse Services (Day Treatment)
This study will determine the clinical effectiveness, moderators and mechanisms of change, and economic impact of an integrative, family-based intervention that concurrently targets change in HIV/Sexually Transmitted Disease (STD)-associated risk behaviors, drug abuse, delinquency, arrest and mental health outcomes for juvenile offenders committed to a juvenile justice day treatment program.
Other: Day Treatment MDFT-HIV
Other: Day Treatment SAU
|Study Design:||Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Factorial Assignment
Masking: Single Blind (Outcomes Assessor)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
|Official Title:||Juvenile Offender HIV Prevention and Drug Abuse Services|
- Substance Use [ Time Frame: Changes in substance use from intake through the 24-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]The Timeline Follow-Back Method, Personal Experiences Inventory and Urinalyses will be used to measure substance use
- HIV Associated Sexual Risk Behaviors [ Time Frame: Changes in HIV Associated Sexual Risk Behaviors from intake to the 24-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Timeline Followback for Sexual Risk Behavior, Urinalysis for STD testing and HIV/STD Risk Assessment Measure
- Delinquency [ Time Frame: Changes in delinquency from intake through the 24-month follow-up ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]Juvenile Justice records and the Service Utilization Interview
|Study Start Date:||January 2010|
|Estimated Study Completion Date:||May 2014|
|Estimated Primary Completion Date:||May 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Experimental: Day Treatment MDFT-HIV
Multidimensional Family Therapy (MDFT)is an integrative treatment approach that has blended family therapy, individual therapy, drug counseling, and multiple systems oriented intervention approaches (Liddle 1999). DT-MDFT-HIV includes a state-of-the-art family-based HIV prevention component into the core MDFT intervention specifically targeting high-risk sexual behavior in clinical sample teens.
Other: Day Treatment MDFT-HIV
MDFT-HIV is a specialized intervention aimed at reducing risk factors for HIV-associated sexual behaviors. It builds protective behaviors in the adolescent's intrapersonal and interpersonal functioning, as well as those aspects of family functioning to reduce youths' high-risk sexual behavior. For instance, interventions target inadequate monitoring, parent-adolescent conflict, and parental disengagement - behaviors consistently associated with elevated HIV/STD risk. It facilitates positive and supportive family relationships, processes that can significantly reduce HIV/STD risk. Additionally, it aims to promote effective family communication about sexuality and safer sexual behaviors, among the most important protective factors against sexual risk taking behavior.
Other Name: DT-MDFT-HIV
Day Treatment SAU
The DT-Services as Usual (SAU) condition is primarily a peer group-based and individual approach that uses cognitive-behavioral principles and interventions. It is an adolescent substance abuse treatment and services consistent with those recommended for juvenile justice-involved drug abusing youth (Cooper & Bartlett 1998; National Institute of Justice, 2001).
Other: Day Treatment SAU
Substance abuse treatment and HIV prevention services are routinely provided to youth in the day treatment programs. The day treatment programs contract to local substance abuse and mental health providers for these services that are provided both within and outside of the day treatment setting. The intervention's specific features are similar to those found in the literature on outpatient peer-based group treatment for adolescent alcohol abusers (CSAT 1998). Specifically, it is based on a cognitive-behavioral group treatment model (Kaminer et al 1998; Marshall & Marshall 1993), with a comprehensive treatment package including individual counseling and treatment planning.
Other Name: DT-SAU
Hide Detailed Description
Adolescents committed to three school-based day treatment programs located in Miami-Dade County will be randomized to either Day Treatment MDFT-HIV (DT-MDFT-HIV) or Day Treatment Program Services as Usual (DT-SAU). Youth in both conditions will be enrolled in day treatment, and receive the same type of juvenile justice supervision, participate in the same educational, life skills, vocational and recreational programs. They will only differ in the type of substance abuse treatment and HIV prevention services received, DT-MDFT-HIV versus substance abuse and HIV prevention services currently being provided by the day treatment programs. If participants are eligible, they will then be assessed on multiple measures at 5 time points: intake, 3, 6, 12, and 24 months following commitment to the day treatment facility. Data will be analyzed using an intent-to-treat design - adolescents and one parent are assessed at all time points and included in data analyses, regardless of the amount of treatment received.
The study has three aims:
Aim 1: Intervention Effectiveness - To experimentally compare, in a day treatment setting, the short and long-term clinical outcomes of the Experimental Intervention - MDFT-HIV Integrated intervention (DT-MDFT-HIV) for sexually active drug abusing juvenile offenders with Day Treatment Services as Usual (DT-SAU).
Hypothesis 1a. Youths assigned to DT-MDFT-HIV will show a greater decrease in HIV-associated sexual risk behaviors, laboratory-confirmed STD incidence, drug use, arrests and out of home placements, and mental health symptoms from baseline assessment through 6 months post-baseline than youths in SAU.
Hypothesis 1b. Youths assigned to DT-MDFT-HIV will show a greater decrease in HIV-associated sexual risk behaviors, laboratory-confirmed STD incidence, drug use, arrests and out of home placements, and mental health symptoms from 6 months post baseline to 24 months post-baseline than youths in SAU.
Hypothesis 1c. Youths assigned to DT-MDFT-HIV will be more likely to successfully transition out of the juvenile justice day treatment program--and return to regular school placement--than those assigned to services as usual.
Aim 2: Moderating Effects - To identify baseline client characteristics that moderate intervention outcomes.
Hypothesis 2. For youths with high baseline levels of co-morbidity, HIV-associated sexual risk behaviors, drug use and delinquency, the DT-MDFT-HIV intervention will reduce HIV-associated sexual risk behaviors and laboratory-confirmed STD incidence, drug use, and arrests and out of home placements more significantly than the DT-SAU condition. For youths with low baseline levels of HIV-associated sexual risk behaviors, drug use and delinquency, the two interventions will be comparably effective.
Aim 3: Mechanisms of Action - To identify the mechanisms through which the experimental intervention achieves its effects.
Hypothesis 3a. For youths assigned to DT-MDFT-HIV, reductions in HIV-associated sexual risk behaviors and laboratory-confirmed STD incidence will be achieved through (a) increases in HIV/STD knowledge and risk-reduction skills, (b) enhanced self-efficacy regarding condom use, (c) improved communication and refusal skills with partners, (d) greater perceived peer norms supportive of safer sex, (e) open communication with parents about HIV and sexual risk behaviors, and (f) more effective parenting and improved family functioning.
Hypothesis 3b. For youths assigned to DT-MDFT-HIV, reductions in drug use and delinquency will be achieved through (a) increases in adolescents' bonding to prosocial peers and activities (e.g. school), (b) increases in parents' emotional bonding to their adolescent, and improvements in parenting practices, and (c) more positive family environment.
|United States, Florida|
|University of Miami Miller School of Medicine|
|Miami, Florida, United States, 33136|
|Principal Investigator:||Howard A Liddle, EdD||University of Miami|