A Study of the Safety and Effectiveness of Irosustat When Added to an AI in ER+ve Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer. (IRIS)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Cancer Research UK
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Kelly Mousa, Imperial College London
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01785992
First received: February 4, 2013
Last updated: March 10, 2014
Last verified: March 2014
  Purpose

70% of breast cancers that occur in postmenopausal women rely on the hormone oestrogen to grow and are likely to respond to hormone treatment. This type of treatment reduces the amount of oestrogen in the body, slowing the growth of cancer or stopping it altogether. One type of hormone treatment, aromatase inhibitors (AIs), works by stopping the body from making oestrogen. Currently, women with locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer that is not being controlled by one class of AI are switched to the other class of AI. The reason for this is that some cancer cells can become resistant to one class but are still sensitive to the other class. However, oestrogen can be made in the body by two pathways and AIs block only one of these pathways. A new drug called Irosustat can reduce the production of oestrogen in the body by blocking the second pathway. This study is investigating whether adding Irosustat to AI treatment i.e. blocking both pathways at the same time, can further reduce the amount of oestrogen in the body and therefore control the breast cancer better.

27 postmenopausal women with oestrogen receptor positive locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer that is not being controlled by their current AI treatment will be recruited in this study from 9 United Kingdom (UK) hospitals. Eligible patients will receive 40mg of Irosustat once daily in addition to the AI on which they progressed. Patients will receive Irosustat for as long as it controls their cancer or until they have side effects that stop them from taking treatment. Patients will be seen monthly for the first 6 months and every 3 months thereafter. Participating patients will also be given the option to take part in the exploratory part of this study by donating tissue and blood samples.


Condition Intervention Phase
Locally Advanced Breast Cancer
Metastatic Breast Cancer
Drug: Irosustat
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Single Group Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Phase II Study to Assess the Safety and Efficacy of the Steroid Sulfa-tase Inhibitor Irosustat When Added to an Aromatase Inhibitor in ER Positive Locally Advanced or Metastatic Breast Cancer Patients.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Imperial College London:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Clinical benefit defined as complete response / partial response plus stable disease for at least 6 months (RECIST v1.1). [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed up until disease progression, an expected average of 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Duration of clinical benefit as defined by the number of days from start of study drug to the first evidence of disease progression or death due to any cause (RECIST v1.1). [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed up until disease progression, an expected average of 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Progression Free Survival defined as time from randomisation to first evidence of disease progression or death due to any cause (RECIST v1.1). [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed up until disease progression, an expected average of 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Safety and tolerability as assessed by the collection of adverse events according to the Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE v 4.03). [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed up until disease progression, an expected average of 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
  • To measure alterations in circulating steroid hormones and correlation of these measures with clinical outcome. [ Time Frame: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,9,12 months after study entry ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • Objective response rate as defined by complete response and partial response (RECIST v1.1) [ Time Frame: Patients will be followed up until disease progression, an expected average of 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Other Outcome Measures:
  • To assess tumour proliferation using Ki67 in tumour biopsies taken from the primary and locally advanced or metastatic tumour. [ Time Frame: At the time of surgery for primary disease and surgery or biopsy for metastatic disease ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine the intratumoural expression of ERα and known ERα regulated genes. [ Time Frame: At the time of surgery or biopsy of metastatic disease ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To determine the expression of steroidogenic enzymes i.e. STS, aromatase, oestrogen sulfotransferase (EST)and 17bHSD1. [ Time Frame: At the time of surgery or biopsy of metastatic disease ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
  • To collect and store blood samples, archival tumour samples and locally advanced or meta-static tumour samples and analyse surplus blood or tissue for factors that may affect response to Irosustat when given in addition to an AI. [ Time Frame: 0,1,2,3,4,5,6,9,12 months after study entry ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Estimated Enrollment: 27
Study Start Date: October 2012
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Irosustat (Single arm study)
Patients will receive 40mg of Irosustat once daily in addition to the aromatase inhibitor on which they progressed until disease progression or the development of unacceptable toxicities.
Drug: Irosustat
Patients will receive 40mg of Irosustat once daily in addition to the aromatase inhibitor on which they progressed until disease progression or development of unacceptable toxicities.
Other Names:
  • STX64
  • 667 Coumate
  • BN83495

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   25 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Female
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. Written informed consent prior to admission to this study.
  2. Aged ≥ 25 years of age.
  3. Histologically confirmed ER+ve primary or metastatic breast cancer.
  4. Locally advanced or metastatic breast cancer treated with 1st line AI treatment with either a documented objective response (CR/PR) or disease stabilisation (SD) for at least 6 months prior to disease progression.
  5. Postmenopausal as defined by any of the following criteria:

    1. Amenorrhoea for at least 6 months prior to study entry and estradiol and LH/FSH in the postmenopausal range on local laboratory analysis whilst taking a 3rd generation AI during the screening phase of the study.
    2. Amenorrhoea during combination treatment with ovarian suppression (e.g. goserelin) and an AI in which case estradiol should be below the limit of detection of the standard local laboratory assay during the screening phase of the study.
  6. ECOG performance status 0 to 2.
  7. Measurable and/or evaluable sites of locally advanced or metastatic disease that can be accurately assessed by CT/MRI scan at baseline and follow up visits (RECIST v1.1).

    N.B Patients with bone metastasis are eligible provided they have evaluable metastases sites that can be followed (X-Ray or MRI/CT scanning). Patients on established bisphosphonate treatment for at least 3 months are eligible for entry into the trial and are allowed to continue with bisphosphonate treatment.

  8. Adequate organ function as defined by (Haemoglobin (Hb) ≥ 9 g/dL; Absolute Neutrophil Count (ANC) ≥ 1.5 x 109/L; Platelet count (Plts) ≥ 100 ≥ 109/L; White Blood Cell (WBC) ≥ 3.0 x 109/L; Serum albumin ≤ 1.5 upper limit of normal (ULN); Aspartate Aminotransferase (AST) and Alanine Aminotransferase (ALT) ≤ 3 x ULN if no demonstrable liver metastases or ≤ 5 x ULN in the presence of liver metastases; alkaline phosphatase (ALP) ≤ 5 x ULN; Total bilirubin ≤ 1.5 x ULN if no demonstrable liver metastases or ≤ 3 x ULN in the presence of liver metastases; Creatinine ≤ 1.5 x ULN or creatinine clearance >50ml/min).
  9. Life expectancy of ≥3 months.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Human epidermal growth factor Receptor-2 (HER2) positive cancer.
  2. Discontinuation of current AI therapy for > 21 days prior to study entry.

    N.B If the patient has discontinued the AI within this period they can be restarted on the same AI. This must be continued for at least 7 days before introducing the IMP. Baseline investigations must be performed in timeframes related to the start of the IMP, not the AI.

  3. Rapidly progressive, life-threatening metastases, including any of the following:

    1. Patients with active parenchymal brain or leptomeningeal involvement
    2. Symptomatic lymphangitis carcinomatosis
    3. Extensive visceral metastases requiring chemotherapy.
  4. Patients with a history of another primary malignancy within 5 years prior to starting study treatment, except adequately treated basal or squamous cell carcinoma of the skin, carcinoma in site and the disease under study.
  5. More than one prior line of chemotherapy for locally advanced or metastatic disease.
  6. AI therapy given in combination with another endocrine agent with the exception of a GnRH agonist.
  7. Radiotherapy to measurable lesion within 2 months of treatment start.
  8. Systemic corticosteroids for ≥ 15 days within the last 4 weeks.
  9. Evidence of uncontrolled active infection.
  10. Evidence of significant medical condition or laboratory finding which, in the opinion of the Investigator, makes it undesirable for the patient to participate in the trial.
  11. Concurrent therapy with any other investigational agent.
  12. Concomitant use within 14 days prior to commencement of study treatment of:

    1. Rifampicin and other CYP2C and 3A inducers such as rifabutin, rifapentine, carbamazepine, phenobarbital, phenytoin and St. John's Wort
    2. Systemic carbonic anhydrase inhibitors.
  13. Any of the following cardiac criteria:

    1. Mean resting corrected QT interval (QTcf) >450 ms as calculated by Fridericia's formula obtained from 3 electrocardiograms (ECGs)
    2. Any clinically important abnormalities in rhythm, conduction or morphology of resting ECG e.g. complete left bundle branch block, third degree heart block
    3. Any factors that increase the risk of QTc prolongation or risk of arrhythmic events such as heart failure, hypokalaemia, congenital long QT syndrome, family history of long QT syndrome or unexplained sudden death under 40 years of age or any concomitant medication known to prolong the QT interval.
  14. Uncontrolled abnormalities of serum potassium, sodium, calcium (corrected) phosphate or magnesium levels.
  15. Refractory nausea and vomiting, chronic gastrointestinal diseases, inability to swallow the formulated investigational medicinal product (IMP) or previous significant bowel resection that would preclude absorption of Irosustat or the AI.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01785992

Locations
United Kingdom
Mid Essex Hospital Services NHS Trust
Chelmsford, United Kingdom, CM1 7ET
NHS Lothian
Edinburgh, United Kingdom, EH1 3EG
NHS Greater Glasgow and Clyde
Glasgow, United Kingdom, G12 0YN
Royal Liverpool and Broadgreen University Hospital
Liverpool, United Kingdom, L7 8XP
Royal Free London
London, United Kingdom, NW3 2QG
West Middlesex University Hospital NHS Trust
London, United Kingdom, TW7 6AF
Imperial College Healthcare NHS Trust
London, United Kingdom, W6 8RF
University College London Hospitals NHS Foundation Trust
London, United Kingdom, WC1E 6BT
The Christie NHS Foundations Trust
Manchester, United Kingdom, M204BX
Sponsors and Collaborators
Kelly Mousa
Cancer Research UK
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Carlo Palmieri Imperial College London
  More Information

Additional Information:
No publications provided

Responsible Party: Kelly Mousa, Clinical Trials Manager, Imperial College London
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01785992     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: C/22/2011, 2011-005680-25
Study First Received: February 4, 2013
Last Updated: March 10, 2014
Health Authority: United Kingdom: Medicines and Healthcare Products Regulatory Agency
United Kingdom: Research Ethics Committee

Keywords provided by Imperial College London:
Oestrogen receptor
Locally advanced
Metastatic
Breast cancer
Sulfatase inhibitor

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Breast Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Breast Diseases
Skin Diseases
Aromatase Inhibitors
Enzyme Inhibitors
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action
Pharmacologic Actions

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 28, 2014