Immunotherapy With Vacc-C5 With Adjuvant GM-CSF or Alhydrogel in HIV-1-infected Subjects on ART

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Bionor Immuno AS
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01627678
First received: June 21, 2012
Last updated: January 13, 2014
Last verified: January 2014
  Purpose

Background:

Despite the introduction of highly effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimes, which control the HIV infection and results in increases in CD4 cell counts and an undetectable viral load, many patients suffer from increased morbidity. There is evidence that presence of antibodies against the C5 region of gp120 strongly correlates with slower disease progression, and that loss of antibody responses to this region are associated with progression.

Investigational product:

Vacc-C5 is a single heterodimeric peptide-based HIV therapeutic vaccine corresponding to the C5 region on gp120 and the external domain of gp41. The vaccine is intended to create a non-neutralizing antibody against C5 region.

Study objectives:

  1. To evaluate safety of the vaccination regimens
  2. To evaluate C5-specific humoral immune responses (antibodies), T cell responses, T cell activation markers and other immune markers.

Condition Intervention Phase
HIV-1 Infection
Drug: Vacc-C5/GM-CSF
Drug: Vacc-C5/Alhydrogel
Phase 1
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Non-Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: Immunotherapy of HIV-infected Patients An Open, Dose-escalating Assessment of Vacc-C5 With Either GM-CSF or Alhydrogel as Adjuvant in HIV-1-infected Subjects on Antiretroviral Therapy (ART)

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Bionor Immuno AS:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Safety measured as change of AE records, clinical chemistry (incl. CD4, CD8, HIV-1 RNA)and hematology laboratory elevations [ Time Frame: From screening and week 1 to weeks 2, 4, 6, 12, 13, 15, 21, 22 and 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    • AEs recorded at each scheduled and unscheduled visit.
    • Concomitant medications recorded at each scheduled visit.
    • Vital signs (heart rate, blood pressure) at screening, weeks 1, 4, 6, 12, 13, 15, 21, 22 and 26 (End of study).
    • Weight at screening and weight at weeks 1, 12 and 26 (End of study).
    • Clinical laboratory evaluations (clinical chemistry, hematology) at screening, weeks 1, 4, 6, 12, 15, 21 and 26 (End of study).
    • Viral load (HIV-1 RNA) at screening, weeks 1, 6, 15 and 26 (End of study).
    • Urine stix at weeks 1, 4, 6, 12, 15, 21 and 26 (End of study).


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Humoral and T cell responses [ Time Frame: From screening and week 1 to weeks 4, 6, 12, 13, 15, 21, 22 and 26 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    • Humoral immune response - C5 antibody level at screening, weeks 1, 4, 6, 12, 13, 15, 21, 22 and 26 (End of study).
    • B cell antibody level at weeks 1, 6, 13 and 22.
    • T cell response and activation markers (e.g. CD38, HLA-DR) and other immune markers at weeks 1, 6, 15and 26 (End of study).


Enrollment: 36
Study Start Date: September 2012
Study Completion Date: November 2013
Primary Completion Date: November 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: Arm 1= Arm A: Vacc-C5 /GM-CSF.
Arm 1=Arm A: Vacc-C5 with GM-CSF as adjuvant administered intradermally.
Drug: Vacc-C5/GM-CSF
Arm 1=Arm A: Vacc-C5 with GM-CSF as adjuvant administered intradermally.
Other Names:
  • Vacc-C5 = C5-peptide
  • GM-CSF = Leukine
Experimental: Arm 2=Arm B: Vacc-C5/Alhydrogel
Arm 2=Arm B: Vacc-C5 with Alhydrogel as adjuvant administered intramuscularly.
Drug: Vacc-C5/Alhydrogel
Arm 2=Arm B: Vacc-C5 with Alhydrogel as adjuvant administered intramuscularly.
Other Names:
  • Vacc-C5 = C5-pepide
  • Alhydrogel = Aluminum-containing adjuvant

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Background:

Despite the introduction of highly effective antiretroviral therapy (ART) regimes, which control the HIV infection and results in increases in CD4 cell counts and an undetectable viral load, many patients suffer from increased morbidity. There is evidence that presence of antibodies against the C5 region of gp120 strongly correlates with slower disease progression, and that loss of antibody responses to this region are associated with progression.

Investigational product:

Vacc-C5 is a single heterodimeric peptide-based HIV therapeutic vaccine corresponding to the C5 region on gp120 and the external domain of gp41. The rationale behind the Vacc-C5 is the finding that long-term non-progressors (LTNP) subjects have more antibodies towards the C5 part of gp120 than HIV infected subjects with a more rapid disease progression.

The primary objective of Vacc-C5 immunotherapy is to induce a humoral immune response. The vaccine is intended to create a non-neutralizing antibody against the C5 region and to thereby mimic a natural process in HIV-infected long-term non-progressors (LTNP) subjects.

Use of adjuvant:

Peptide vaccines are poorly immunogenic by themselves. To induce measurable levels of T helper cell type 1 (Th1) or type 2 (Th2) immune responses against these peptides, an adjuvant is often required.

Two different adjuvants are to be used in this study:

  1. GM-CSF which facilitates dendritic cell maturation and migration to the lymph nodes for antigen presentation. The regimen when using this adjuvant is intradermal administration.
  2. Aluminum-containing adjuvants is well known. They have been administered to human beings and animals in millions of doses of vaccines. This type of vaccine is usually administered intramuscularly or subcutaneously. In this study intramuscular administration will be used.

Primary objective:

It is to evaluate the safety of Vacc-C5 at three different dose levels given intradermally with GM-CSF as adjuvant or given intramuscularly with Alhydrogel as adjuvant.

Secondary objectives:

  1. To evaluate C5-specific humoral immune responses (antibodies).
  2. To evaluate the C5-specific T cell responses by ELISPOT and T cell proliferation.
  3. To evaluate T cell activation markers (e.g. CD38, HLA-DR) and other immune markers.

Study design:

The study is an open, dose-escalating, single centre study in HIV-positive subjects on treatment (ART). Two different vaccine regimens will be tested:

  1. Arm A: Vacc-C5 with GM-CSF as adjuvant administered intradermally.
  2. Arm B: Vacc-C5 with Alhydrogel as adjuvant administered intramuscularly.

Three dose levels of Vacc-C5 (100, 300 and 900 microgram will be tested for each of the two vaccination regimen. A dose escalation design (3+3) will be used, and if no dose limiting toxicity (DLT) is detected 18 subjects will be included in each arm.

Subjects who have been HIV-positive and stable on ART for the last 6 months with CD4 cell counts ≥400x 10 6 /L and who meet the other inclusion and exclusion criteria will be eligible for the study. The duration of the study is 26 weeks plus a screening period of up to 12 weeks.

During the Treatment Period, all subjects will remain on their ART and receive three immunizations; at Weeks 1, 2 and 4, with Vacc C5 including either GM-CSF or Alhydrogel as adjuvant.

The study is sequential, meaning that the first three subjects in each arm receive the lowest dose (three subjects) 100 µg Vacc-C5. If no dose limiting toxicity has been detected after week 4 vaccination, three more subjects will be added and the next dose level will be started.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 55 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Age between18 years and 55 years, both genders.
  • HIV positive at least one year.
  • Clinically stable on ART for the last 6 months (changes in therapy is allowed as long as the viral load is stable).
  • Documented viral load (HIV-1 RNA) less than 50 copies/mL for the last six months. Single blips (up to 500 copies/mL) are allowed.
  • Documented pre-study CD4 cell count ≥ 400x106/L for at least six months (if below at screening, a re-analysis is allowed).
  • Nadir (lowest ever) CD4 cell count ≥ 200x106/L (nadir below 200x106/L requires two consecutive analyses).
  • Signed informed consent.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Reported pre-study AIDS-defining illness within the previous year
  • Malignant disease.
  • On chronic treatment with immunosuppressive therapy.
  • Unacceptable values of the hematologic and clinical chemistry parameters, as judged by the Principle Investigator (or designee), including creatinine values >1.5x upper limit of normal (ULN), and AST (SGOT), ALT (SGPT) and alkaline phosphatase values >2.5x ULN.
  • Concurrent chronic active infection such as viral hepatitis B or C or tuberculosis.
  • Pregnant or breastfeeding women.
  • Women of childbearing potential not using reliable and adequate contraceptive methods (defined as: use of oral, implanted, injectable, mechanical or barrier products for the prevention of pregnancy; practicing abstinence; sterile) during the study, or sexually active male subjects with partners of childbearing potential unwilling to practice effective contraception during the study.
  • Current participation in other clinical therapeutic studies.
  • Incapability of compliance to the treatment protocol, in the opinion of the Investigator.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01627678

Locations
Norway
Oslo University Hospital, Ullevål
Oslo, Norway, 0450
Sponsors and Collaborators
Bionor Immuno AS
Investigators
Study Director: Vidar Wendel-Hansen, MD PhD Bionor Pharma AS
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Bionor Immuno AS
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01627678     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: CTN-BI-Vacc-C5-2011/1, 2012-000710-11
Study First Received: June 21, 2012
Last Updated: January 13, 2014
Health Authority: Norway: Norwegian Medicines Agency

Keywords provided by Bionor Immuno AS:
HIV-1, Vacc-C5

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
HIV Infections
Lentivirus Infections
Retroviridae Infections
RNA Virus Infections
Virus Diseases
Sexually Transmitted Diseases, Viral
Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Immunologic Deficiency Syndromes
Immune System Diseases
Aluminum Hydroxide
Adjuvants, Immunologic
Immunologic Factors
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Antacids
Molecular Mechanisms of Pharmacological Action

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014