Optimization of Treatment With Adalimumab (Humira)

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
Abbott
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Janet Pope, Lawson Health Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01585064
First received: April 23, 2012
Last updated: April 24, 2012
Last verified: April 2012
  Purpose

The purpose of this trial is to assess the effect of two Intensive Outpatient Management Strategies (IOMS) versus Routine Care (RC) on the outcomes of patients with Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) that are treated with adalimumab.

This is a multi-center, randomized, controlled, parallel group, single (patient) blind trial. A total of 300 patients (100 per group) with RA will be recruited from approximately 40 sites across Canada.


Condition Intervention Phase
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Other: DAS28-IOMS
Other: 0SJ-IOMS
Other: Routine Care (RC)
Phase 4

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Optimization of Treatment With Adalimumab (HUMIRA): A Multi-center, Randomized, Single Blind, Controlled Clinical Trial

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Lawson Health Research Institute:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change in Disease Activity as measured by the DAS28 after 12 months of treatment [ Time Frame: Baseline (0) and Month 12 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

    The change in DAS28 will be calculated as an absolute and percent value. The percent change in DAS28 will the calculated as [DAS28M12 - DAS28M0) / (DAS28M0} x 100% where: DAS28M12 is the DAS28 score at 12 months and - DAS28M0 is the DAS28 score at baseline.

    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).



Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Absolute and percent change in DAS28 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12 and Month 18 (Study end) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Absolute and percent change in the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12 and Month 18 (Study end) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The HAQ is a self-administered questionnaire to asses patient's health assessment and disability related to RA. The eight categories assessed by the HAQ are 1) dressing and grooming, 2) arising, 3) eating, 4) walking, 5) hygiene, 6) reach, 7) grip, and 8) common daily activities. For each of these categories, patients report the amount of difficulty they have in performing two or three specific activities. The HAQ score is the average of the worst score in each of the eight categories. The total score ranges from 0-3.

  • Absolute and percent change in individual components of the DAS28 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Percent achieving clinical remission defined as a DAS28 < 2.6 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Time to achieving clinical remission as measured by the DAS28 <2.6 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Percent achieving a DAS28 < 3.2 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Time to achieving a DAS28 <3.2 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Percent achieving a DAS28<2.4 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Time to achieving a DAS28<2.4 [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The DAS28 is a validated scale that measures disease activity in patients with rheumatic diseases. It is a composite scale that consists of the following: tender joint count, swollen joint count, ESR (mm/hr) and patient's global assessment of disease activity using a visual analog scale (VAS).

  • Percentage achieving good or moderate European League Against Rheumatism (EULAR) responses [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EULAR response criteria using DAS28 Score

  • Time to achieving good or moderate EULAR responses [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    EULAR response criteria using DAS28 Score

  • Patient Satisfaction with Care [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A Likert scale will be used to evaluate the patient's satisfaction with care at each visit.

  • Absolute and percent change in the Work Limitations Questionnaire (WLQ) [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12 and Month 18 (Study end) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The WLQ is used to measure the impairment in work related productivity, with reference to the previous two weeks.

  • Incidence of adverse events / serious adverse events [ Time Frame: Baseline (0), Month 6, Month 12, Month 18 (Study End) ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    All adverse events will be coded according to the MedDRA dictionary of terms and will be classified according to causal association to adalimumab (HUMIRA®). All events will be reported by body system using MedDRA preferred terms. The incidence rates of adverse events will be described as the proportion of subjects experiencing at least one event and as the number of events per patient.


Enrollment: 309
Study Start Date: August 2006
Study Completion Date: February 2010
Primary Completion Date: December 2009 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts Assigned Interventions
DAS28-IOMS
Physicians randomized to the DAS28-IOMS will treat patients according to a protocol aimed at achieving a DAS28 score under 2.4.
Other: DAS28-IOMS
Investigators randomized to DAS28-IOMS will be expected to adapt their therapeutic approaches in relation to the defined targets, i.e. to optimize adalimumab treatment according to individual patient's responses to treatment in order to achieve a DAS28 score of < 2.4.
0SJ-IOMS
Physicians randomized to the 0SJ-IOMS will treat patients according to a protocol aimed at attaining a count of zero swollen joint (28 joints evaluated).
Other: 0SJ-IOMS
Investigators randomized to 0SJ-IOMS will be expected to adapt their therapeutic approaches in relation to the defined targets, i.e. to optimize adalimumab treatment according to individual patient's responses to treatment in order to achieve a swollen joint count of 0.
Routine Care (RC)
Physicians randomized to the RC group will treat study patients as per routine care and according to their own judgment.
Other: Routine Care (RC)
Investigators randomized to RC will NOT be expected to adapt their therapeutic approaches to a pre-defined target. They will optimize adalimumab treatment according to individual patient's responses to treatment as per routine care and according to their own judgment.

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

Background:

Rheumatoid arthritis (RA) is chronic systemic inflammatory disease often leading to damage and disability (Lee DM, et al.). RA is associated with a shorter life expectancy (Pincus T, et al.) and, if untreated, can lead to significantly lower quality of life and functional impairment (Bradley EM, et al.).

The concept of tight control, involving the treatment of patients to specified targets with close monitoring and treatment adjustment when necessary, has been trialed in early RA. Many targeted studies have demonstrated improved outcomes or faster target achievement in early RA.

The TICORA trial, which studied a group of patients who had active disease but who had not progressed to multiple DMARDs or biologic therapy, demonstrated that the usage of an intensive outpatient management strategy (IOMS) of RA improved clinical outcomes measures (Grigor C, et al.). Indeed, the results from this clinical trial have shown that strict control and intense follow up, which are based on titration of treatment in accordance to a standardized protocol, improved disease activity, physical function and quality of life of patients without additional cost.

The proposed study will evaluate the application of two types of IOMS. The first IOMS will consist of titration of treatments based on the attainment of a DAS28 score under 2.4 (DAS28-IOMS). The second IOMS will consist of titration of treatment based on the attainment of zero swollen joints (0SJ-IOMS) (28 joints evaluated). Investigators should aim at achieving those targets within a reasonable period of time, i.e. during the first six months of treatment with adalimumab. In addition, investigators should aim at attaining these targets within reasonable limits for each individual patient. The clinical impact of these two IOMS will be compared to that of routine care (RC).

The results of this study will have significant implications not only for the individual subjects but also from the societal perspective since it may enhance the overall real-life effectiveness of the treatments and will identify the best approach to maximize on the benefits of treatment with HUMIRA®.

Primary Objective:

In patients with RA that are initiated on treatment with adalimumab:

  • The primary aim of the current study will be to assess the effect of two IOMS versus RC on the outcomes of patients with RA that are treated with adalimumab. The secondary aim will be to assess the differential effect of a DAS28-IOMS and a 0SJ-IOMS in this patient population.

Secondary Objectives:

In patients with RA that are initiated on treatment with adalimumab:

  • To compare the therapeutic effectiveness of DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC as measured by the proportion of subjects achieving target scores of the DAS28.
  • To compare the impact of DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC on patient subjective assessment of functional status as measured by the Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ).
  • To compare the impact of DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC on patients' perception of their disease as evaluated by the Work Limitation Questionnaire (WLQ).
  • To compare the impact of DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC on patients' satisfaction with care as evaluated by the change of patients' satisfaction measured on a Likert scale.
  • To compare the therapeutic effectiveness of DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC as measured by the proportion of subjects achieving good or moderate European League against Rheumatism (EULAR) responses.
  • To compare the impact of DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC on the frequency of serious adverse events or protocol-specified adverse events.

Tertiary Study Objectives:

In patients with RA that are initiated on treatment with adalimumab:

  • To compare the therapeutic effectiveness of DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC as measured by the proportion of subjects achieving target scores of the CDAI and the SDAI.
  • To describe the impact of individual components of the DAS28 on clinical decisions regarding patient management.
  • To describe the impact of the CDAI on clinical decisions regarding patient management.
  • To describe the impact of the SDAI on clinical decisions regarding patient management.
  • To describe the impact of the HAQ on clinical decisions regarding patient management.
  • To describe and compare the impact of a DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC on patients' compliance to treatment.
  • To describe and compare the impact of a DAS28-IOMS, 0SJ-IOMS and RC on changes in concomitant anti-rheumatic medication use.
  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Patients will be recruited from approximately 40 sites across Canada. The study sample selection will be stratified in order to ensure adequate representation from all Canadian regions.

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Patient has a diagnosis of rheumatoid arthritis
  • Patient is > 18 years of age
  • Patient is naïve to HUMIRA® (adalimumab) therapy.
  • Patient has access to reimbursement for their standard of care.
  • If female, patient is either: 1) not of childbearing potential, defined as postmenopausal for at least 1 year or surgically sterile (bilateral tubal ligation, bilateral oophorectomy or hysterectomy), or 2) of childbearing potential and practicing one of the following methods of birth control:

    • condoms, sponge, foams, jellies, diaphragm or intrauterine device (IUD)
    • contraceptives (oral or parenteral) for three months prior to enrollment in the study
    • a vasectomized partner
    • total abstinence from sexual intercourse
  • If female and of childbearing potential, patient must have a negative serum pregnancy test performed at Screening.
  • Patient is able to give written informed consent and to complete the survey requirements.

Exclusion Criteria:

  • Patients had a history of cancer within the past 5 years other than a successfully treated basal cell carcinoma and/or localized carcinoma in situ of the cervix
  • Patients with a history either of lymphoma or leukemia.
  • Patients with a history of untreated active tuberculosis, or listeriosis, or other currently active infections suggestive of significant or profound immunosuppression, such as Pneumocystis carinii, aspergillosis or other systemic protozoal or fungal infections.
  • Patients with a known positive HIV test.
  • Patients with a known positive HepBsAg test.
  • Patients with a persistent or severe infection(s) requiring hospitalization or treatment with iv antibiotics within 30 days, or oral antibiotics within 14 days, prior to enrollment.
  • Female patients who are breast-feeding.
  • Patients with clinically significant concurrent illness that in the investigator's judgment may influence the study outcomes (such as MS, moderate to severe CHF, etc,).
  • Patients with any condition that would prevent participation or completion in this study including language limitation or possibility that the patient will not be available for the complete study period (18 months).
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01585064

Locations
Canada, Ontario
Lawson Health Research Institute
London, Ontario, Canada, N6A 4V2
Sponsors and Collaborators
Lawson Health Research Institute
Abbott
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Janet E Pope, MD MPH FRCPC Lawson Health Research Institute, Western University
  More Information

Publications:
Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: Janet Pope, Prinicipal Investigator, Lawson Health Research Institute
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01585064     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: A06-216, HUM-05-081
Study First Received: April 23, 2012
Last Updated: April 24, 2012
Health Authority: Canada: Ethics Review Committee

Keywords provided by Lawson Health Research Institute:
Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA)
Anti-TNF therapy
Adalimumab
Disease activity
Treating to target

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Arthritis
Arthritis, Rheumatoid
Joint Diseases
Musculoskeletal Diseases
Rheumatic Diseases
Connective Tissue Diseases
Autoimmune Diseases
Immune System Diseases
Adalimumab
Antirheumatic Agents
Therapeutic Uses
Pharmacologic Actions
Anti-Inflammatory Agents

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 17, 2014