Safety and Pharmacokinetics of SANGUINATE™ in Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Patients

This study is not yet open for participant recruitment. (see Contacts and Locations)
Verified April 2013 by Prolong Pharmaceuticals
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Prolong Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01374165
First received: May 26, 2011
Last updated: April 23, 2013
Last verified: April 2013
  Purpose

Prolong proposes to test safety, tolerability and pharmacokinetics of SANGUINATE™ in sickle cell disease (SCD) patients. Prolong's preclinical studies showed that SANGUINATE™ was safe in a number of different animal models and toxicology studies. In this Phase I trial, Prolong will test whether it is also safe and tolerable in sickle cell patients. The study will be conducted in 15 adult (>18 years) patients.


Condition Phase
Sickle Cell Disease
Phase 1

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: A Phase I Open Label, Unblinded, Single Dose Study for Evaluating the Safety and Pharmacokinetics of SANGUINATE™ in Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) Patients

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Prolong Pharmaceuticals:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Evaluate the safety and tolerability of two dose regimen for SANGUINATE™ in sickle cell disease patients [ Time Frame: 7 days ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]

    The following assessments will be used to evaluate the safety of SANGUINATE™ administration:

    • adverse events, serious adverse events
    • laboratory abnormalities by highest toxicity grade
    • laboratory abnormalities by largest increase in toxicity grade from baseline


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Determine the plasma pharmacokinetic (PK) profile of SANGUINATE™ in sickle cell disease patients. Mean values by treatment received will be calculated for the following PK parameters for PEGylated bovine hemoglobin: [ Time Frame: 7 Days ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    • Cmax -the maximum measured plasma concentration
    • tmax -the time to reach maximum plasma concentration
    • AUC0-last -the area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from time zero to the time of the last measurable plasma concentration, calculated by the linear or log/linear trapezoidal method
    • AUC0-inf -the area under the plasma concentration versus time curve from time zero to infinity, calculated as: AUCinf = AUCt + (Ct/Kel), where Ct = the last measurable concentration
    • λz -the apparent elimination rate constant
    • t1/2 -the terminal half-life
    • CV -coefficient of variation


Biospecimen Retention:   Samples Without DNA

Whole blood and urine


Estimated Enrollment: 15
Groups/Cohorts
Low dose SANGUINATE™

160 mg/kg of SANGUINATE™.

SANGUINATE™ (PEG-bHb-CO) an OTA is composed of three moieties, polyethylene glycol, bHb and carbon monoxide that act in a specific manner to promote the delivery of oxygen to tissue. SANGUINATE™ was not developed to be used as a blood substitute. It is instead an oxygen transfer agent intended to functionally deliver and release oxygen to hypoxic tissues.

High dose of SANGUINATE™

320 mg/kg of SANGUINATE™.

SANGUINATE™ (PEG-bHb-CO) an OTA is composed of three moieties, polyethylene glycol, bHb and carbon monoxide that act in a specific manner to promote the delivery of oxygen to tissue. SANGUINATE™ was not developed to be used as a blood substitute. It is instead an oxygen transfer agent intended to functionally deliver and release oxygen to hypoxic tissues.


  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

This Phase I trial will test two doses of SANGUINATE™ in adult subjects suffering from chronic sickle cell disease (SCD). A total of fifteen (15) patients will be assigned to the low and high dose cohorts of SANGUINATE™.

The first 8 subjects will receive the study agent in an initial low dose of 160 mg/kg of SANGUINATE™.

Upon completion of the low dose cohort, safety variables will be reviewed by the Principal Investigator, the Study Manager, and the Sponsor (or designee) in order to determine the progression towards administration of a high dose cohort of 320 mg/kg of SANGUINATE™. 7 subjects will be enrolled in the high dose cohort. Subjects will not be enrolled in the next higher dose cohort until the dose in the preceding dose group is deemed safe and tolerable.

Sample Size: A total of 15 patients will be enrolled in the study (8 patients in the low dose cohort, 7 patients in the high dose cohort). In both cohorts an additional participant would not be enrolled prior to safety review of the results of the previously enrolled participant.

Dose and Mode of Administration: SANGUINATE™ is PEGylated bovine hemoglobin (PEG-Hb) in the CO form formulated in saline (PEG-Hb-CO).

The study drug is supplied in a 500 mL bag which is a red color sterile solution ready for infusion without any dilution or mixing.

SANGUINATE™ will be infused intravenously over 2 hours. The concentration of product is 40 mg/ml.

Dosing Schedule: The study will include two cohorts of SANGUINATE™:

The low dose cohort will receive 160 mg/kg; The high dose cohort will receive 320 mg/kg.

Laboratory and clinical assessments of each participant will be conducted during 24 hours (+/-1 hour) after the start of study drug administration. An additional participant would not be enrolled prior to safety review of the results of the previously enrolled participant in each cohort.

Upon completion of the low dose cohort, safety data will be reviewed by the Principal Investigator, Study Manager, and the Sponsor (or designee) in order to determine the progression towards administration of a high dose cohort.

Assessments:

Safety:

The following assessments will be used to evaluate the safety of SANGUINATE™ administration:

  • adverse events, serious adverse events
  • laboratory abnormalities by highest toxicity grade

A complete CBC with platelets will be performed at screening and Day 1 (upon admission to the clinical unit prior to dosing), and post-dose on Days 2, 3 and 7. Blood biochemistry testing (including amylase and lipase), and urinalysis with microscopic, will be performed at screening and Day 0 (admission), on Day 1 (6 hours post-infusion) and on Days 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7. Troponin I testing (cardiac assessment) will be performed at the discretion of PI upon Day 0 (admission), on Day 1 (baseline, 1, 3, and 6 hours post-infusion) and on Days 2, 3, 4, 5, and 7. Renal injury will be assessed via urinalysis and the following serum chemistry components: urea nitrogen, creatinine, creatinine clearance, potassium, chloride, magnesium and calcium. Pulse oximetry and arterial blood pressure will be captured on Day 1 at baseline, every 5 minutes during infusion, every 15 minutes post-infusion for 1 hour, and every 15 minutes thereafter until values return to baseline. Continuous 3-lead ECG monitoring will be performed on Day 1 from 15-min prior to infusion through 1 hour post-infusion and afterward until parameters return to baseline. 12-lead ECG will be captured at screening, Day 1 (baseline, immediately post-infusion, 10 hours post-infusion), and Days 2, 3 and 7.

Pharmacokinetics:

Descriptive statistics (N, mean, standard deviation, standard error of the mean, CV, median, minimum, and maximum) will be used to summarize single dose serum SANGUINATE™ concentration data at each planned sampling time point for both treatment cohort. Serial blood samples for pharmacokinetic analysis will be collected at pre-dose and at 0.5, 1, 1.5, 2, 4, 6, 8, 12, 24, 36, 48, 72 and 96 hours from the start of infusion. Plasma will be analyzed by Prolong for concentrations of SANGUINATE™.

The blood volume required to perform the blood test for pharmacokinetic analysis is 5 ml at each collection time point.

Safety analyses will be performed and all adverse events and abnormal laboratory values will be assessed according to a standard grading system that will be provided. All safety analyses will be performed on the intent to treat population (all patients having received at least one dose and having at least one post baseline safety measurement). All data will be reported in individual patient listings.

Non-compartmental pharmacokinetic methods will be used to determine the pharmacokinetic parameter estimates of SANGUINATE™, which will include Cmax, Cmin, tmax, AUC 0->t, AUC 0 -> , t 1/2, CL/F, and accumulation index at steady state.

Precautionary Statement: Subjects must be informed that they may receive either low or high dose of drug SANGUINATE™ and that SANGUINATE™ has not been proven to be efficacious and safe in humans.

Possible Risks and Side Effects:

There are potential side effects resulting from the physical intravenous administration of any drug such as stinging, discomfort, bleeding, bruising, erythema or edema of the skin at the site of penetration and infusion.

Bovine hemoglobin has the potential to induce allergic responses, although SANGUINATE™ is designed specifically to reduce the likelihood of such symptoms. Symptoms that may be encountered in SANGUINATE™-allergic subjects include:

  • Local skin reactions such as a wheal and flare response and local vascular reactions such as phlebitis.
  • Wheezy breathlessness 1-7 hours after administration
  • An increase in asthmatic symptoms.
  • Rarely, anaphylactic responses may be encountered.

The bovine hemoglobin used for the manufacture of SANGUINATE™ has been purified to inactivate viruses and remove foreign proteins. There is no known risk for BSE/TSE.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 65 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) patients

Criteria

Eligibility Criteria:

Sickle cell patients will be enrolled and will be selected based on:

Inclusion:

  1. Patients must understand and be willing to give written informed consent prior to any study procedures or evaluations and be willing to adhere to all study schedules and requirements.
  2. Hb levels: > 6 gr/dl - <10 gr/dl;
  3. Age: > 18 - 65 years;
  4. Body Mass Index ≥20 and ≤30 kg/m2;
  5. Documented 12-lead ECG with no clinically significant abnormalities, as determined by the Investigator;
  6. Female subjects of reproductive potential must have a negative serum pregnancy (β-HCG) test at screening and a negative urine pregnancy test at Day 0 prior to dosing. Female subjects must also be non-lactating;
  7. Adequate venous access and can receive intravenous infusions;
  8. Frequency of ER hospitalizations < 6x/yr for SCD pain events documented "medical history".

Exclusion:

  1. In medical opinion of investigator, the patient is not an appropriate candidate;
  2. Patient is infected;
  3. The patient is Febrile;
  4. Patient has Acute chest syndrome or documented Sickle Cell Crisis;
  5. Patient with hemoglobin above 10gr/dl or below 6 gm/dl
  6. If female, pregnant or lactating;
  7. History of clinically significant disease, as determined by the Investigator;
  8. History of allergy or major allergic reaction considered to be clinically significant by the Investigator;
  9. Physical examination or 12-lead ECG result(s) considered to be clinically significant by the Investigator;
  10. Received or intending to receive a vaccination in the two weeks prior to dosing, or anytime during study participation;
  11. Unable to comply with study attendance, protocol procedures or other study requirements;
  12. Frequency of ER hospitalizations > 6x/yr for SCD pain events;
  13. Patient has Renal or liver dysfunction;
  14. Patient has Severe pulmonary hypertension (index > 3 meters per sec based on documented Echocardiograph);
  15. Any history of significant cardiac, renal, neurologic, metabolic, pulmonary, gastrointestinal, chronic hepatic disease or any other disease which in the judgment of the investigator would interfere with the study or confound the results;
  16. Screening laboratory result indicating HIV-positivity, or previously diagnosed with AIDS, AIDS related complex, or other immunodeficiency;
  17. Screening laboratory result indicating serologic positivity for hepatitis C antibodies or hepatitis B surface antigens, unless explained by a documented vaccination.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01374165

Contacts
Contact: Benjamin Brenner, Prof 972 4 8543520 b_brenner@rambam.health.gov.il

Locations
Israel
Rambam Health Care Campus Not yet recruiting
Haifa, Israel
Contact: Benjamin Brenner, Prof.    972 4 8543520    b_brenner@rambam.health.gov.il   
Sub-Investigator: Nagib Dali, Dr.         
Sub-Investigator: Evelyne Shabad, Dr.         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Prolong Pharmaceuticals
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Prolong Pharmaceuticals
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01374165     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: SCIL-SANG-001
Study First Received: May 26, 2011
Last Updated: April 23, 2013
Health Authority: Israel: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Prolong Pharmaceuticals:
SCD

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Anemia, Sickle Cell
Anemia, Hemolytic, Congenital
Anemia, Hemolytic
Anemia
Hematologic Diseases
Hemoglobinopathies
Genetic Diseases, Inborn

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on July 20, 2014