The Effects of Patient Features on Opioid Induced End-Tidal CO2 (Capno)
Emergency department patients receiving opioid pain medicine such as morphine, fentanyl or Dilaudid are eligible. After medication exhaled carbon dioxide is measured. and recorded.
Opioid Use During Medical Care
|Study Design:||Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
|Official Title:||The Effect of Patient Features on Opioid Induced End-Tidal CO2|
- end tidal carbon dioxide [ Time Frame: study start, 30 minutes, 60 minutes, 90 minutes, 120 minutes ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]measured through small nasal cannula (plastic tube at base of nares)
|Study Start Date:||August 2010|
|Study Completion Date:||November 2012|
|Primary Completion Date:||November 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)|
Emergency department patients receiving opioid pain medicine such as morphine, fentanyl, or Dilaudid are eligible. After receiving the pain medication, a small soft plastic tube will be placed between the upper lip and nose. This tube is used to measure the amount of carbon dioxide the patient is breathing out. It can also be used to deliver oxygen if the provider feels the patient needs it. The carbon dioxide breathed out is measured and collected. Other information collected are height, weight, and vital signs. Patient participation time is approximately 2 hours during the emergency department visit.