Epicutaneous Immunotherapy in Peanut Allergy in Children (ARACHILD)

This study is ongoing, but not recruiting participants.
Sponsor:
Collaborator:
DBV Technologies
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT01197053
First received: September 7, 2010
Last updated: August 2, 2013
Last verified: July 2013
  Purpose

This study aims at showing that Epicutaneous Immunotherapy with peanut proteins is safe and efficacious for desensitizing children with peanut allergy.


Condition Intervention Phase
Peanut Allergy
Biological: Epicutaneous Immunotherapy
Biological: placebo of peanut
Phase 2

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Crossover Assignment
Masking: Double Blind (Subject, Investigator)
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: ARACHILD: A Multicentric, Double Blind Placebo-controlled Pilot Protocol to Study the Efficacy and Safety of an Epicutaneous Immunotherapy in Children Allergic to Peanut

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Proportion of patients able to consume >1000 mg of peanut proteins symptom-free [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    Proportion of patients able to consume >1000 mg of peanut proteins symptom-free during the double blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC) to peanut at 6 months, or who have a 10-fold increase in the quantity of peanut proteins consumed as compared to baseline value


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Description of the level of Ig [ Time Frame: 6 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    • Level of Peanut-specific IgE at 3 months and 6 months in both groups of treatment.
    • Level of Peanut-specific IgG4 at 3 months and 6 months in both groups of treatment.
    • Evolution of peanut-specific IgE between Day-21 and 12 months and between Day-21 and 18 months for each subject in both groups.
    • Evolution of Peanut-specific IgG4 between Day-21 and 12 months and between Day-21 and 18 months for each subject in both groups.

  • Proportion of patients able to consume >1000 mg of peanut proteins symptom-free [ Time Frame: 12 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    -Proportion of patients able to consume >1000 mg of peanut proteins symptom-free during the double blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC) to peanut at 12 months

  • Proportion of patients able to consume >1000 mg of peanut proteins symptom-free [ Time Frame: 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    -Proportion of patients able to consume >1000 mg of peanut proteins symptom-free during the double blind placebo-controlled food challenges (DBPCFC) to peanut at 18 months

  • diameter and safety [ Time Frame: 3, 6, 12 and 18 months ] [ Designated as safety issue: Yes ]
    • Diameter of the wheal of the Skin Prick tests to peanut at month 3 and month 6 in both groups
    • Diameter of the wheal of the Skin Prick tests to peanut at 12 and 18 months for each subject in both groups
    • Safety and tolerability of the epicutaneous administration of peanut proteins to peanut allergic children at 6, 12 and 18 months


Estimated Enrollment: 70
Study Start Date: August 2010
Estimated Study Completion Date: July 2015
Estimated Primary Completion Date: December 2014 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: 100 mcg DBV712 (active)
100 mcg DBV712 administered epicutaneously every 24 hours.
Biological: Epicutaneous Immunotherapy
100 mcg peanut proteins (active arm) applied on the skin every 24 hrs for 6 months blinded, followed by 12 months open treatment for all patients in the active arm
Other Name: Epicutaneous Immunotherapy
Placebo Comparator: Placebo
Placebo will be administered epicutaneously every 24 hours
Biological: placebo of peanut
placebo applied on the skin every 24 hrs for 6 months blinded, followed by 12 months open treatment for all patients in the active arm
Other Name: placebo of peanut

Detailed Description:

Peanut allergy is a common allergy in the United Sates, with prevalence in the general population as high as 1%. Peanut allergy starts in childhood, its prevalence in children has doubled in the past 5 years, and barely 20% of the allergic children will outgrow this allergy So far, the only treatments available for peanut allergy are avoidance of peanut and injectable epinephrine after the allergic systemic reactions have started. Immunotherapy methods currently available have shown some limitations in their use because of important safety issues. Hence, there is an important unmet medical need for efficient and safe treatment of peanut allergy.

DBV Technologies, is a French biotech company which has developed an Epicutaneous Delivery System, called Viaskin®, a method based on delivering precise quantity of allergens on the upper layers of the skin, i.e. on the epidermis and without any passage in the vascularised dermis. Avoiding contact between the allergens and the bloodstream should confer to epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) a high level of safety as systemic reactions are circumvented.

The goal of this pilot study is to demonstrate that epicutaneous immunotherapy (EPIT) with Viaskin® is safe and efficacious for the desensitization of peanut-allergic children, i.e. increasing the quantity of peanut proteins they can consume symptom-free.

Fifty-two (52) children from 5 to 17 years of age with a confirmed peanut allergy during a baseline double blind placebo-controlled food challenge (DBPCFC) (reacting to a capped value below 250 mg of peanut proteins) will be randomized 1 to 1 and treated either with DBV712, the Viaskin® disk loaded with 100 mcg peanut proteins (active treatment), or with placebo, the Viaskin® disk loaded with a placebo formulation devoid of peanut. Each child will receive one application of one Viaskin® on the skin every day repeatedly for 6 months in a blinded manner, followed by a 12-month open treatment with DBV712 for all of them; placebo children will all cross-over after the first 6 months of treatment to also receive the active treatment.

A DBPCFC to peanut will then be conducted after every 6 months of treatment to assess the efficacy of the treatment. Safety will be assessed during the whole study period.

Skin testing, peanut-specific IgE and IgG4 will occur at selected visits

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   5 Years to 17 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • Male or Female between 5 and 17 years of age at enrollment
  • An efficient contraceptive method for girls with childbearing potential. Acceptable methods include sexual abstinence, oral, injectable contraceptive methods, intra uterine device.
  • Negative pregnancy test for girls with childbearing potential.
  • Child with a documented allergy to peanut, i.e. with peanut-specific IgE (>5KU/L, ImmunoCAP method) and/or a positive skin prick test to peanut (wheal diameter ≥ 8mm).
  • Child able to consume a cumulated quantity of peanut proteins <250 mg during the baseline DBPCFC.
  • Child and his/her legal representative(s) who provide a signed consent form and assent form.
  • Child and his/her legal representative(s) whose family and social conditions allow them to understand the protocol and agree to comply in the long term with all study requirements.

Exclusion criteria :

  • Child considered too severely allergic to peanut: with a history of severe anaphylaxis to peanut (with hypotension, loss of consciousness, severe bradycardia, respiratory or cardiac arrest requiring an admission to emergency rooms).
  • Child with peanut-specific IgE<5 KU/L and whose skin prick test to peanut gave a wheal diameter <8mm).
  • Child participating or having participated in a therapeutic study in the last 3 months
  • Pregnancy or Breastfeeding
  • Child with a generalized eczema
  • Child with an immune deficiency
  • Diabetic child
  • Child allergic to chocolate
  • Child or legal representative(s) who did not sign their consent or assent
  • Child with no baseline DBPCFC
  • Child having reacted to placebo during the baseline DBPCFC
  • Child able to consume > 250 mg of cumulated peanut proteins during the baseline DBPCFC
  • Child with a respiratory deficiency or with an uncontrolled asthma.
  • Child who could not discontinue oral or I.V. antihistamines or oral or I.V. corticosteroids at least the week prior to Visit 1.
  • Child with important skin lesions precluding the application of the disks.
  • Child not affiliated to social security.
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT01197053

Locations
France
Hopital Necker
Paris, France, 75015
Sponsors and Collaborators
Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
DBV Technologies
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Christophe Dupont, MD, PhD Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT01197053     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: P091102, 2010-019541-26, A100293-36
Study First Received: September 7, 2010
Last Updated: August 2, 2013
Health Authority: France: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Assistance Publique - Hôpitaux de Paris:
Peanut Allergy
Food Allergy
Epicutaneous Immunotherapy (EPIT)
Food Challenge

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Hypersensitivity
Peanut Hypersensitivity
Immune System Diseases
Food Hypersensitivity
Hypersensitivity, Immediate

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on August 18, 2014