A Study to Determine the Safety and Efficacy of Albiglutide in Patients With Type 2 Diabetes

This study has been completed.
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00838916
First received: February 5, 2009
Last updated: May 22, 2014
Last verified: April 2014
  Purpose

A study to determine the safety and efficacy of albiglutide in subjects with type 2 diabetes.


Condition Intervention Phase
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Biological: albiglutide
Drug: insulin glargine
Phase 3

Study Type: Interventional
Study Design: Allocation: Randomized
Endpoint Classification: Safety/Efficacy Study
Intervention Model: Parallel Assignment
Masking: Open Label
Primary Purpose: Treatment
Official Title: A Randomized, Open-label, Parallel-group, Multicenter Study to Determine the Efficacy and Long-term Safety of Albiglutide Compared With Insulin in Subjects With Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus.

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by GlaxoSmithKline:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline (BL) in Glycosylated Hemoglobin (HbA1c) at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HbA1c is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over a 2- to 3-month period. The BL HbA1c value is defined as the last non-missing value before the start of treatment. Change from BL was calculated as the value at Week 52 minus the value at BL. Based on analysis of covariance (ANCOVA): change = treatment + BL HbA1c + prior myocardial infarction history + age category + region + current antidiabetic therapy. Difference of least squares means (albiglutide - insulin glargine) is from the ANCOVA model. The last observation carried forward (LOCF) method was used to impute missing post-Baseline HbA1c values; the last non-missing post-BL on-treatment measurement was used to impute the missing measurement. HbA1c values obtained after hyperglycemic rescue were treated as missing and were replaced with pre-rescue values.


Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Change From Baseline in HbA1c at Week 156 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 156 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    HbA1c is a form of hemoglobin that is measured primarily to identify the average plasma glucose concentration over a 2- to 3-month period. Baseline HbA1c value is defined as the last non-missing value before the start of treatment. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value. This analysis used observed HbA1c values, excluding those obtained after hyperglycemia rescue; no missing data imputation was performed.

  • Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The FPG test measures blood sugar levels after the participant has not eaten (fasted) for 12 to 14 hours. The Baseline FPG value is the last non-missing value before the start of treatment. The LOCF method was used to impute missing post-Baseline FPG values. FPG values obtained after hyperglycemia rescue were treated as missing and replaced with pre-rescue values. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value. Based on ANCOVA: change = treatment + Baseline FPG + Baseline HbA1c category + prior myocardial infarction history + age category + region + current antidiabetic therapy.

  • Change From Baseline in Fasting Plasma Glucose (FPG) at Week 156 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 156 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The FPG test measures blood sugar levels after the participant has not eaten (fasted) for 12 to 14 hours. The Baseline FPG value is the last non-missing value before the start of treatment. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline value minus the Baseline value.

  • Number of Participants Who Achieved Clinically Meaningful HbA1c Response Levels of <6.5%, <7%, and <7.5% at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants who achieved the HbA1c treatment goal (i.e., HbA1c response levels of <6.5%, <7%, and <7.5% at Week 52) were assessed.

  • Number of Participants Who Achieved Clinically Meaningful HbA1c Response Levels of <6.5%, <7%, and <7.5% at Week 156 [ Time Frame: Week 156 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The number of participants who achieved the HbA1c treatment goal (i.e., HbA1c response levels of <6.5%, <7%, and <7.5% at Week 156) were assessed.

  • Time to Hyperglycemia Rescue [ Time Frame: From the start of study medication until the end of the treatment (up to Week 156) ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Participants who experienced persistent hyperglycemia (high blood glucose) could have qualified for hyperglycemia rescue. The conditions for hyperglycemia rescue were as follows: FPG >=280 milligrams/deciliter (mg/dL) between >=Week 2 and <Week 4; FPG >=250 mg/dL between >=Week 4 and <Week 12; HbA1c >=8.5% and a <=0.5% reduction from Baseline between >=Week 12 and <Week 24; HbA1c >=8.5% between >=Week 24 and <Week 48; HbA1c >=8.0% between >= Week 48 and <Week 156. Participants could have been rescued at any time on or after Week 2. Time to hyperglycemia rescue is defined as the time between the date of the first dose of study medication and the date of hyperglycemia rescue plus 1 day, or the time between the date of the first dose of study medication and the date of the last visit during the active treatment period plus 1 day for participants not requiring rescue. This time was divided by 7 to express the result in weeks.

  • Change From Baseline in Body Weight at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Baseline value is the last non-missing value before the start of treatment. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline weight minus the Baseline weight. The LOCF method was used to impute missing post-Baseline weight values. Weight values obtained after hyperglycemia rescue were treated as missing and replaced with prerescue values. Based on ANCOVA: change = treatment + Baseline weight + Baseline HbA1c category + prior myocardial infarction history + age category + region + current antidiabetic therapy.

  • Change From Baseline in Body Weight at Week 156 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 156 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    The Baseline value is the last non-missing value before the start of treatment. Change from Baseline was calculated as the post-Baseline weight minus the Baseline weight.

  • Change From Baseline in Glucose Profile Measured by 24-hour Area Under Curve (AUC) at Week 52 [ Time Frame: Baseline and Week 52 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    A 24-hour glucose profile was collected at Baseline and Week 52 at a subset of sites in a subset of participants per treatment group using the continuous glucose monitoring device. Glucose measurements were obtained at 5 minute increments in the 24-hour period. The area under the curve (AUC) was determined using the trapezoidal method on the measurements obtained during the first 24 hours of continuous monitoring. This analysis used observed values excluding those obtained after hyperglycemia rescue; no missing data imputation was performed. The Baseline value is the last non-missing value before the start of treatment.

  • Albiglutide Plasma Concentrations at Week 8 and Week 24 [ Time Frame: Weeks 8 and 24 ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]
    Albiglutide plasma concentration data was analyzed at Week 8 pre-dose, Week 8 post-dose, Week 24 pre-dose and Week 24 post-dose. All participants receiving albiglutide were initiated on a 30 mg weekly dosing regimen; however, beginning at Week 4, uptitration of albiglutide was allowed based on glycemic response. As such, albiglutide plasma concentrations achieved at each sampling time represent a mixed population of participants receiving either 30 mg or 50 mg weekly for various durations.


Enrollment: 779
Study Start Date: February 2009
Study Completion Date: May 2013
Primary Completion Date: January 2012 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Arms Assigned Interventions
Experimental: albiglutide weekly injection
albiglutide weekly subcutaneous injection
Biological: albiglutide
albiglutide weekly injection
Active Comparator: insulin glargine
insulin glargine daily injection
Drug: insulin glargine
insulin glargine

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years and older
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  • type 2 diabetes
  • BMI 20-45kg/m2 inclusive

Exclusion Criteria:

  • females who are pregnant, lactating or within <6 weeks post-partum
  • current symptomatic heart failure (NYHA Class III-IV)
  Contacts and Locations
Choosing to participate in a study is an important personal decision. Talk with your doctor and family members or friends about deciding to join a study. To learn more about this study, you or your doctor may contact the study research staff using the Contacts provided below. For general information, see Learn About Clinical Studies.

Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00838916

  Show 338 Study Locations
Sponsors and Collaborators
GlaxoSmithKline
Investigators
Study Director: GSK Clinical Trials GlaxoSmithKline
  More Information

No publications provided by GlaxoSmithKline

Additional publications automatically indexed to this study by ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier (NCT Number):
Responsible Party: GlaxoSmithKline
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00838916     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: 112754
Study First Received: February 5, 2009
Results First Received: April 17, 2014
Last Updated: May 22, 2014
Health Authority: United States: Food and Drug Administration

Keywords provided by GlaxoSmithKline:
diabetes

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Diabetes Mellitus
Diabetes Mellitus, Type 2
Glucose Metabolism Disorders
Metabolic Diseases
Endocrine System Diseases
Insulin, Globin Zinc
Glargine
Insulin
Insulin, Long-Acting
Albiglutide
Hypoglycemic Agents
Physiological Effects of Drugs
Pharmacologic Actions
Incretins
Hormones
Hormones, Hormone Substitutes, and Hormone Antagonists

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on September 30, 2014