Screening for Gastric Cancer in High-risk Population (Stomach)

This study is currently recruiting participants.
Verified December 2012 by Rabin Medical Center
Sponsor:
Information provided by (Responsible Party):
Yaron Niv, Rabin Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier:
NCT00815113
First received: December 25, 2008
Last updated: December 2, 2012
Last verified: December 2012
  Purpose

Introduction: Gastric cancer is the world's second largest cause of cancer related deaths. In the Western world, as well as in Israel, this malignancy is less prevalent than colorectal cancer, but has higher morbidity and mortality. First degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer have a 1.5-fold to 3-fold increased risk of developing gastric cancer themselves. In relatives of gastric cancer patients who are also carriers of a CagA positive strain of Helicobacter pylori, the risk is 8-fold. Mucosal atrophy, hypochlorhydria, high lymphoid follicle density, pan gastritis, and interleukin 1 β polymorphism are frequent in family members of gastric cancer patients and are associated with increased risk of the disease.

Aims:

  1. To characterize the high risk individual for gastric cancer development.
  2. To establish a screening plan for early detection and prevention of gastric cancer in first degree relatives of gastric cancer patients.
  3. To validate new procedures for assessing risk factors for development of gastric cancer: gastric acid output, gastric mucin output, serum levels of pepsinogen I, pepsinogen II, gastrin B12, Helicobacter pylori status [serology, histology, urease test, 13C-urea breath test (13C-UBT)].
  4. To assess genetic changes in the gastric mucosa of the screenees in comparison with gastric cancer patients and controls.

Methods:

We will approach 50 gastric cancer patients treated in Rabin Medical Center, and ask for their consent to approach first degree relatives for participating in the study. For each gastric cancer patient 4 relatives will be asked to signed an informed consent and undergo the study procedures. For each participant a matched control for age, sex and background diseases, out of consecutive gastro esophageal reflux disease (GERD) patients undergoing gastroscopy, will be asked to join the study. Thus, we will screen 50 gastric cancer patients, 200 first degree relatives of gastric cancer patients, and 200 controls.


Condition
Gastric Cancer

Study Type: Observational
Study Design: Observational Model: Cohort
Time Perspective: Prospective
Official Title: Screening for Gastric Cancer in High-risk Population

Resource links provided by NLM:


Further study details as provided by Rabin Medical Center:

Primary Outcome Measures:
  • Characterization of the high-rik individual for gastric cancer - "Gastric Cancer Phenotype" [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Secondary Outcome Measures:
  • Establish a screen plan for high-risk population for gastric cancer [ Time Frame: 2 years ] [ Designated as safety issue: No ]

Biospecimen Retention:   Samples With DNA

Gastric biopsies


Estimated Enrollment: 450
Study Start Date: October 2009
Estimated Study Completion Date: December 2014
Estimated Primary Completion Date: October 2013 (Final data collection date for primary outcome measure)
Groups/Cohorts
1
First degree relative of gastric cancer patient
2
Consecutive gastro-esophageal reflux patients

  Hide Detailed Description

Detailed Description:

High Risk Population

First degree relatives of patients with gastric cancer have a 1.5-fold to 3-fold increased risk of developing gastric cancer themselves (Brenner H et al, Cancer 2000;88:274-9). In relatives of gastric cancer patients who are also carriers of a CagA positive strain of H. pylori, the risk is 8-fold. Mucosal atrophy, hypochlorhydria, high lymphoid follicle density, pangastritis, and interleukin 1 β polymorphism are frequent in family members of gastric cancer patients and are associated with increased risk of the disease (El-Omar EM et al, Gastroenterology 2000;118:22-30, Sepulveda A et al, Am J Gastroenterol 2002;97:1365-70).

Helicobacter Pylori - Carcinogen Number I

Helicobacter pylori is the main known carcinogen. The positive correlation between H. pylori infection and development of gastric cancer is well established and proved in prospective, controlled, studies, in Japan (Uemura N et al, N Engl J Med 2001;345:784-9, Fukase K et al, JAMA 2008;372:392-7).

Genetic changes

Specific changes (mutation in oncogens, LOH of tumor suppressor genes, deletion or insertion), different for intestinal or diffuse type gastric cancer, were described. Most of these pre-malignant changes happened on a background of long lasting chronic inflammation, following the cascade of atrophy, intestinal metaplasia, and dysplasia. Genetic syndromes are rare and families clustering of gastric cancer are usually attributed to common H. pylori infection. A family syndrome of gastric cancer due to germ-line mutation in E-cadherin has been described, and gastric cancer may be part of Lynch syndrome (HNPCC). Mutations and polymorphism of IL-1b and TNFa have been described in first degree relatives of gastric cancer patients, and considered predictive factors for cancer.

Screening for Gastric Cancer

Screening for gastric cancer gained popularity in Japan, where the disease is highly prevalent. This approach is not cost-effective in the Western word, where gastric cancer incidence is low, but still cost-effective in high-risk population: Helicobacter pylori infected people, first degree relatives of gastric cancer patients, patients with autoimmune atrophic gastropathy and pernicious anemia, families with HNPCC and patients who underwent partial gastrectomy. Since treatment for gastric cancer is not very effective and 5-year-survival is low, it is recommended to screen this population with periodic gastroscopy and biopsies. The finding of high grade dysplasia or early gastric cancer will enable early intervention and cure. In addition H. pylori may be diagnosed in gastric biopsies (direct evaluation in H&E, Giemsa or Genta staining, culture, PCR or urease rapid test), mucin secretion pattern may be assessed by immunohistochemistry with PAb's, MAb's or lectins, JCV TAg may be demonstrated by IMH or PCR).

Mucins in the Healthy Stomach and Gastric Cancer

Normal gastric mucus expresses the mucins MUC1, MUC5AC and MUC6 (Carrato C et al, Gastroenterology 1994;107:160-72). The development of gastric carcinoma is associated with changes in mucin expression, namely a decrease in MUC5AC and MUC6 and aberrant de novo expression of other MUCs (Ho SB et al, Cancer Res 1995;55:2681-90). Helicobacter pylori infection induces a wide range of changes in the gastric mucus. There is a reversible alteration of mucus glycosylation, which affects the protective function of the gastric mucins (Ota H et al, Virchows Arch 1998;433:419-26).

Screening for the High-Risk Phenotype

In addition to gastroscopy and histology, which are the gold standards for screening and prevention of gastric cancer, several other approaches, some of them are non-invasive, were suggested. Acid hyposecretion can be measured directly or indirectly, mucin output can be measured in gastric secretion collected by a naso-gastric tube and mucin species identified by dot-blot for gastric mucins (MUC5AC, MUC6 and MUC1), H. pylori status can be defined with 13C-UBT, serology or stool antigen test, pepsinogen I, pepsinogen II, gastrin and B12 can be measured in the serum. The combination of the procedures mentioned above may contribute to an accurate characterization of the high-risk individual, suitable for invasive procedure such as gastroscopy with biopsies.

Aims

  1. To characterize the high risk individual for gastric cancer development
  2. To establish a screening plan for early detection and prevention of gastric cancer in first degree relatives of gastric cancer patients.
  3. To validate new procedures for assessing risk factors for development of gastric cancer: gastric acid output, gastric mucin output, serum levels of pepsinogen I, pepsinogen II, gastrin B12, H. pylori status (serology, histology, urease test, 13C-UBT).
  4. To assess genetic changes in the gastric mucosa of the screenees in comparison with gastric cancer patients and controls

Subjects

We will approach 50 gastric cancer patients treated in Rabin Medical Center, and ask for their consent to approach first degree relatives for participating in the study. For each gastric cancer patient 4 relatives will be asked to signed an informed consent and undergo the study procedures. For each participant a matched control for age, sex and background diseases, out of consecutive GERD patients undergoing gastroscopy, will be asked to join the study. Thus, we will screen 200 first degree relatives of gastric cancer patients, and 200 controls.

Inclusion Criteria

  1. First relative, man or woman, of gastric cancer patients.
  2. Signed informed consent.
  3. Age 18-60.

Exclusion Criteria

  1. Severe back ground disease.
  2. State after gastric surgery.
  3. COPD, CHF, CRF and any disease with respiratory disturbances.
  4. Deviation of the nasal septum, lack of venous access at the dorsum of the hand or any other technical problem prevents gastric acid collection or base excess evaluation.

Study design

This is a prospective, controlled, 4 days study. All procedures followed are in accordance with the ethical standards of the committee on human experimentation of the Rabin Medical Center, and in accordance with the Declaration of Helsinki. In the screening meeting the participant or the control will be told about the aims and nature of the study, and will be comprehensively informed about all procedures, anticipated results and risks. After agreeing to participate they will sign the informed consent. A medical history, family history and symptomatic questionnaire will be filled, and the participant will be scheduled for gastroscopy. After a night fast gastroscopy will be performed, biopsies will be taken as needed for the different protocols (see below). Then gastric acid output, mucin output and alkaline tide studies will be performed. Blood will be drawn for "gastro panel" of BioHit, routine blood tests, B12, CEA, CA19-9, and CAG A serology. In another day, 13CUBT and IFOBT will be performed.

  Eligibility

Ages Eligible for Study:   18 Years to 60 Years
Genders Eligible for Study:   Both
Accepts Healthy Volunteers:   No
Sampling Method:   Probability Sample
Study Population

First degree relatives of gastric cancer patients

Criteria

Inclusion Criteria:

  1. First relative, man or woman, of gastric cancer patients.
  2. Signed informed consent.
  3. Age 18-60.

Exclusion Criteria:

  1. Severe back ground disease.
  2. State after gastric surgery.
  3. COPD, CHF, CRF and any disease with respiratory disturbances.
  4. Deviation of the nasal septum, lack of venous access at the dorsum of the hand or any other technical problem prevents gastric acid collection or base excess evaluation.
  Contacts and Locations
Please refer to this study by its ClinicalTrials.gov identifier: NCT00815113

Contacts
Contact: Tami lederfien, BSc 97239377040 tamila@clalit.org.il
Contact: Yaron Niv, MD 97239377237 yniv@clalit.org.il

Locations
Israel
Department of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center Recruiting
Petach Tikva, Israel, 49100
Contact: Tami Lederfein, BSc    97239377040    tamila@clalit.org.il   
Contact: Yaron Niv, MD    97239377237    yniv@clalit.org.il   
Principal Investigator: Yaron Niv, MD         
Sponsors and Collaborators
Rabin Medical Center
Investigators
Principal Investigator: Yaron Niv, MD RMC
  More Information

No publications provided

Responsible Party: Yaron Niv, Director Department of Gastroenterology, Rabin Medical Center
ClinicalTrials.gov Identifier: NCT00815113     History of Changes
Other Study ID Numbers: RMC080000CTIL
Study First Received: December 25, 2008
Last Updated: December 2, 2012
Health Authority: Israel: Ministry of Health

Keywords provided by Rabin Medical Center:
Gastric cancer
screening
high-risk
relatives
gastroscopy

Additional relevant MeSH terms:
Stomach Neoplasms
Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Digestive System Neoplasms
Neoplasms by Site
Neoplasms
Digestive System Diseases
Gastrointestinal Diseases
Stomach Diseases

ClinicalTrials.gov processed this record on April 20, 2014